1493

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1493

1493 Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Vintage
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1493 by Summary

Reveals how the voyages of Columbus reintroduced plants and animals that had been separated millions of years earlier, documenting how the ensuing exchange of flora and fauna between Eurasia and the Americas fostered a European rise, decimated imperial China and rendered Manila and Mexico City the center of the world for two centuries. Reprint.

1493 for Young People

1493 for Young People Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles Mann
Editor: Seven Stories Press
ISBN:
FileSize: 491kb
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1493 for Young People by Charles Mann Summary

1493 for Young People by Charles C. Mann tells the gripping story of globalization through travel, trade, colonization, and migration from its beginnings in the fifteenth century to the present. How did the lowly potato plant feed the poor across Europe and then cause the deaths of millions? How did the rubber plant enable industrialization? What is the connection between malaria, slavery, and the outcome of the American Revolution? How did the fabled silver mountain of sixteenth-century Bolivia fund economic development in the flood-prone plains of rural China and the wars of the Spanish Empire? Here is the story of how sometimes the greatest leaps also posed the greatest threats to human advancement. Mann's language is as plainspoken and clear as it is provocative, his research and erudition vast, his conclusions ones that will stimulate the critical thinking of young people. 1493 for Young People provides tools for wrestling with the most pressing issues of today, and will empower young people as they struggle with a changing world.

America in European Consciousness 1493 1750

America in European Consciousness  1493 1750 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karen Ordahl Kupperman
Editor: UNC Press Books
ISBN:
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America in European Consciousness 1493 1750 by Karen Ordahl Kupperman Summary

For review see: Stephen J. Homick, in The Hispanic Historical Review (HAHR), vol. 77, no. 1 (February 1997); p. 78-80.

The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America 1492 1493

The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America  1492 1493 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anonim
Editor: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN:
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The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America 1492 1493 by Anonim Summary

This definitive edition of Columbus's account of the voyage presents the most accurate printed version of his journal available to date. Unfortunately both Columbus's original manuscript, presented to Ferdinand and Isabella along with other evidence of his discoveries, and a single complete copy have been lost for centuries. The primary surviving record of the voyage-part quotation, part summary of the complete copy-is a transcription made by Bartolome de las Casas in the 1530s. This new edition of the Las Casas manuscript presents its entire contents-including notes, insertions, and canceled text-more accurately, completely, and graphically than any other Spanish text published so far. In addition, the new translation, which strives for readability and accuracy, appears on pages facing the Spanish, encouraging on-the- spot comparisons of the translation with the original. Study of the work is further facilitated by extensive notes, documenting differences between the editors' transcription and translation and those of other transcribers and translators and summarizing current research and debates on unanswered current research and debates on unanswered questions concerning the voyage. In addition to being the only edition in which Spanish and English are presented side by side, this edition includes the only concordance ever prepared for the Diario. Awaited by scholars, this new edition will help reduce the guesswork that has long plagued the study of Columbus's voyage. It may shed light on a number of issues related to Columbus's navigational methods and the identity of his landing places, issues whose resolution depend, at least in part, on an accurate transcription of the Diario. Containing day-by-day accounts of the voyage and the first sighting of land, of the first encounters with the native populations and the first appraisals of his islands explored, and of a suspenseful return voyage to Spain, the Diario provides a fascinating and useful account to histori

Columbus's Outpost Among the Ta nos

Columbus's Outpost Among the Ta  nos Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kathleen A. Deagan
Editor: Yale University Press
ISBN:
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Columbus's Outpost Among the Ta nos by Kathleen A. Deagan Summary

In 1493 Christopher Columbus led a fleet of 17 ships and more than 1200 men to found a royal trading colony in America. Columbus had high hopes for his settlement, which he named La Isabela after the queen of Spain, but just five years later it was in ruins. It remains important, however, as the first site of European settlement in America and the first place of sustained interaction between Europeans and the indigenous Tainos. Kathleen Deagan and Jose Maria Cruxent tell the story of this historic enterprise. Drawing on their ten-year archaeological investigation of the site of La Isabela, along with research into Columbus-era documents, they contrast Spanish expectations of America with the actual events and living conditions at America's first European town. Deagan and Cruxent argue that La Isabela failed not because Columbus was a poor planner but because his vision of America was grounded in European experience and could not be sustained in the face of the realities of American life. Explaining that the original Spanish economic and social frameworks for colonization had to be altered in America in response to the American landscape and the non-elite Spanish and Taino people who occupied it, they shed light on larger questions of American colonialism and the development of Euro-American cultural identity.

I Columbus

I  Columbus Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Roop
Editor: Open Road Media
ISBN:
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I Columbus by Peter Roop Summary

A Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People: A firsthand account of Christopher Columbus’s famous voyage to the East, taken directly from his journal entries Christopher Columbus had a dream—to reach the fabled lands of the East, rich with spices, jewels, silver, and especially gold. Having studied the travels of other explorers, Columbus was convinced he could reach his destination by traveling west across the seas. After convincing Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand to fund his expedition, he set sail in August of 1492. In this account, the voyage Columbus undertook is told in his own voice through his journal entries of that year. He tells of excitement, drama, and terror on the high seas, as well as the doubts he faces from his own crew, as together, they weather the path to victory.

Paracelsus Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim 1493 1541

Paracelsus  Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim  1493 1541 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paracelsus
Editor: BRILL
ISBN:
FileSize: 454kb
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Paracelsus Theophrastus Bombastus Von Hohenheim 1493 1541 by Paracelsus Summary

Drawing upon Huser's 1589 publication of Paracelsus' works, this dual-language volume combines a critical edition of Essential Theoretical Writings on philosophy, medicine, nature, and the supernatural, with new English translations and extensive commentary on the second largest sixteenth-century German-language corpus.

Before Columbus

Before Columbus Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles C. Mann
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN:
FileSize: 1053kb
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Before Columbus by Charles C. Mann Summary

Based on the startling revelations that the author presented in his adult-level 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, this book for young readers is a fascinating full-color journey into the world of the many advanced cultures that populated the Americas before the arrival of European explorers.

Water Supply Network District Metering

Water Supply Network District Metering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Armando Di Nardo
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN:
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Water Supply Network District Metering by Armando Di Nardo Summary

The management of a water supply network can be substantially improved defining permanent sectors or districts that enhances simpler water loss detection and pressure management. However, the water network partitioning may compromise water system performance, since some pipes are usually closed to delimit districts in order not to have too many metering stations, to decrease costs and simplify water balance. This may reduce the reliability of the whole system and not guarantee the delivery of water at the different network nodes. In practical applications, the design of districts or sectors is generally based on empirical approaches or on limited field experiences. The book proposes a design support methodology, based on graph theory principles and tested on real case study. The described methodology can help water utilities, professionals and researchers to define the optimal districts or sectors of a water supply network.

1491

1491 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles C. Mann
Editor: Vintage
ISBN:
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1491 by Charles C. Mann Summary

Describes how recent archaeological research has transformed long-held myths about the Americas, revealing far older and more advanced cultures with a greater population than were previously thought to have existed.

The Lyon Terence

The Lyon Terence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Giulia Torello-Hill
Editor: BRILL
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The Lyon Terence by Giulia Torello-Hill Summary

An interdisciplinary approach to establish the significance of the first illustrated edition of the plays of Terence, its commentary and iconographic traditions and legacy in sixteenth-century Italy and France.

The Philippine Islands 1493 1898

The Philippine Islands  1493 1898 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Blair E. Helen
Editor: Рипол Классик
ISBN:
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The Philippine Islands 1493 1898 by Blair E. Helen Summary

Explorations by Early Navigators, Descriptions of the Islands and their Peoples, their History and Records of the Catholic Missions, as related in contemporaneous Books and Manuscripts, showing the Political, Economic, Commercial and Religious Conditions of those Islands from their earliest relations with European Nations to the close of the Nineteenth Century.

Columbus and Caonab

Columbus and Caonab Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andrew Rowen
Editor: Unknown
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Columbus and Caonab by Andrew Rowen Summary

A historical novel, Columbus and Caonabó: 1493-1498 Retold dramatizes Columbus's invasion of Española on his second voyage and the bitter resistance mounted by its Taíno peoples, led by the Taíno chieftain Caonabó. Based closely on primary sources, the story is told from both Taíno and European perspectives, including through the eyes of Caonabó and Columbus. Chief Caonabó opposes any European presence on the island and massacres the garrison Columbus left behind on his first voyage. When Columbus returns, the second voyage's twelve-hundred settlers suffer from disease and famine and are alienated by his harsh rule, resulting in crown-appointed officers and others deserting for Spain. Sensing European vulnerability, Caonabó establishes a broad Taíno alliance to expel the intruders, becoming the first of four centuries of Native American chieftains known to organize war against European expansion. Columbus realizes that Caonabó's capture or elimination is key to the island's conquest, and their conflict escalates--with the fateful clash of their soldiers, cultures, and religions, enslavement of Taíno captives, the imposition of tribute, and hostile face-to-face conversations. As battles are lost, Caonabó's wife Anacaona anguishes and considers how to confront the Europeans if Caonabó is killed. The settlers grow more brutal when Columbus explores Cuba and Jamaica, and his enslaved Taíno interpreters witness them forcing villagers into servitude, committing rape, and destroying Taíno religious objects. Chief Guarionex, whose territory neighbors Caonabó's, studies Christianity with missionaries and observes the first recorded baptism of a Native in the Americas but ultimately rejects his own conversion. Isabella and Ferdinand are disturbed when Columbus initiates slave shipments home, but they deliberately acquiesce--and the justification for the European enslavement of Native Americans begins to evolve. The novel is the sequel to Encounters Unforeseen

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