Emergence

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Emergence

Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743218264
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Emergence by , Summary

In the tradition of Being Digital and The Tipping Point, Steven Johnson, acclaimed as a "cultural critic with a poet's heart" (The Village Voice), takes readers on an eye-opening journey through emergence theory and its applications. A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK A VOICE LITERARY SUPPLEMENT TOP 25 FAVORITE BOOKS OF THE YEAR AN ESQUIRE MAGAZINE BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR Explaining why the whole is sometimes smarter than the sum of its parts, Johnson presents surprising examples of feedback, self-organization, and adaptive learning. How does a lively neighborhood evolve out of a disconnected group of shopkeepers, bartenders, and real estate developers? How does a media event take on a life of its own? How will new software programs create an intelligent World Wide Web? In the coming years, the power of self-organization -- coupled with the connective technology of the Internet -- will usher in a revolution every bit as significant as the introduction of electricity. Provocative and engaging, Emergence puts you on the front lines of this exciting upheaval in science and thought.

The Routledge Handbook of Emergence

The Routledge Handbook of Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sophie Gibb,Robin Findlay Hendry,Tom Lancaster
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317381505
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The Routledge Handbook of Emergence by Sophie Gibb,Robin Findlay Hendry,Tom Lancaster Summary

Emergence is often described as the idea that the whole is greater than the sum of the parts: interactions among the components of a system lead to distinctive novel properties. It has been invoked to describe the flocking of birds, the phases of matter and human consciousness, along with many other phenomena. Since the nineteenth century, the notion of emergence has been widely applied in philosophy, particularly in contemporary philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and metaphysics. It has more recently become central to scientists’ understanding of phenomena across physics, chemistry, complexity and systems theory, biology and the social sciences. The Routledge Handbook of Emergence is an outstanding reference source and exploration of the concept of emergence, and is the first collection of its kind. Thirty-two chapters by an international team of contributors are organised into four parts: Foundations of emergence Emergence and mind Emergence and physics Emergence and the special sciences Within these sections important topics and problems in emergence are explained, including the British Emergentists; weak vs. strong emergence; emergence and downward causation; dependence, complexity and mechanisms; mental causation, consciousness and dualism; quantum mechanics, soft matter and chemistry; and evolution, cognitive science and social sciences. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of science and metaphysics, The Routledge Handbook of Emergence will also be of interest to those studying foundational issues in biology, chemistry, physics and psychology.

Asia, Europe, and the Emergence of Modern Science

Asia, Europe, and the Emergence of Modern Science Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. Bala
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137031735
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Asia, Europe, and the Emergence of Modern Science by A. Bala Summary

This volume brings together essays from leading thinkers to examine what role Asian traditions of knowledge played in the rise of modern science in Europe, the implications this has for the epistemology of science, and whether pre-modern Asian traditions can provide resources for advancing scientific knowledge in future.

The Emergence of Russian Liberalism

The Emergence of Russian Liberalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Berest
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230118925
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The Emergence of Russian Liberalism by J. Berest Summary

A fresh perspective on the history of Russian liberalism through the life and work of Alexander Kunitsyn, a teacher and philosopher of natural law, whose academic and journalistic writings contributed to the dissemination of Western liberal thought among the Russian public.

Emergence

Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Humphreys
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019062034X
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Emergence by Paul Humphreys Summary

Interest in emergence amongst philosophers and scientists has grown in recent years, yet the concept continues to be viewed with skepticism by many. In this book, Paul Humphreys argues that many of the problems arise from a long philosophical tradition that is overly committed to synchronic reduction and has been overly focused on problems in philosophy of mind. He develops a novel account of diachronic ontological emergence called transformational emergence, shows that it is free of the problems raised against synchronic accounts, shows that there are plausible examples of transformational emergence within physics and chemistry, and argues that the central ideas fit into a well established historical tradition of emergence that includes John Stuart Mill, G.E. Moore, and C.D. Broad. The book also provides a comprehensive assessment of current theories of emergence and so can be used as a way into what is by now a very large literature on the topic. It places theories of emergence within a plausible classification, provides criteria for emergence, and argues that there is no single unifying account of emergence. Reevaluations of related topics in metaphysics are provided, including fundamentality, physicalism, holism, methodological individualism, and multiple realizability, among others. The relations between scientific and philosophical conceptions of emergence are assessed, with examples such as self-organization, ferromagnetism, cellular automata, and nonlinear systems being discussed. Although the book is written for professional philosophers, simple and intuitively accessible examples are used to illustrate the new concepts.

The Emergence of the Antique and Curiosity Dealer in Britain 1815-1850

The Emergence of the Antique and Curiosity Dealer in Britain 1815-1850 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Westgarth
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000050629
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The Emergence of the Antique and Curiosity Dealer in Britain 1815-1850 by Mark Westgarth Summary

Rather than the customary focus on the activities of individual collectors, The Emergence of the Antique and Curiosity Dealer in Britain 1815–1850: The Commodification of Historical Objects illuminates the less-studied roles played by dealers in the nineteenthcentury antique and curiosity markets. Set against the recent ‘art market turn’ in scholarly literature, this volume examines the role, activities, agency and influence of antique and curiosity dealers as they emerged in the opening decades of the nineteenth century. This study begins at the end of the Napoleonic Wars, when dealers began their wholesale importations of historical objects; it closes during the 1850s, after which the trade became increasingly specialised, reflecting the rise of historical museums such as the South Kensington Museum (V&A). Focusing on the archive of the early nineteenth-century London dealer John Coleman Isaac (c.1803–1887), as well as drawing on a wide range of other archival and contextual material, Mark Westgarth considers the emergence of the dealer in relation to a broad historical and cultural landscape. The emergence of the antique and curiosity dealer was part of the rapid economic, social, political and cultural change of early nineteenth-century Britain, centred around ideas of antiquarianism, the commercialisation of culture and a distinctive and evolving interest in historical objects. This book will be of interest to scholars in art history, histories of collecting, museum and heritage studies and nineteenth-century culture.

The Emergence of Novelty in Organizations

The Emergence of Novelty in Organizations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Raghu Garud,Barbara Simpson,Ann Langley,Haridimos Tsoukas
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191044032
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The Emergence of Novelty in Organizations by Raghu Garud,Barbara Simpson,Ann Langley,Haridimos Tsoukas Summary

Creativity, innovation and change are vital to the development and sustainability of all organizations. Yet, questions remain about exactly how novelty comes about, and what dynamic processes are involved in its emergence? Ideas of emergence and process, drawn from a variety of different philosophic traditions, have been the focus of increasing attention in management and organization studies. These issues are brought to bear on novelty and innovation in this volume by examining new organizational and product development processes, whether planned or unplanned. The contributions in this volume offer both theoretical insights and empirical studies on, inter alia, innovation, music technology, haute cuisine, pharmaceuticals and theatre improvisation. In doing so, they throw light on the importance of emergence, improvisation and learning in organizations, and how both practitioners and scholars alike can best understand their own assumptions about process. In addition, the volume includes general essays on process perspectives in organization studies.

An Emergence Approach to Speech Acquisition

An Emergence Approach to Speech Acquisition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Barbara L. Davis,Lisa M. Bedore
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135067775
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An Emergence Approach to Speech Acquisition by Barbara L. Davis,Lisa M. Bedore Summary

The central assertion in this volume is that the young child uses general skills, scaffolded by adults, to acquire the complex knowledge of sound patterns and the goal-directed behaviors for communicating ideas through language and producing speech. A child’s acquisition of phonology is seen as a product of her physical and social interaction capacities supported by input from adult models about ambient language sound patterns. Acquisition of phonological knowledge and behavior is a product of this function-oriented complex system. No pre-existing mental knowledge base is necessary for acquiring phonology in this view. Importantly, the child’s diverse abilities are used for many other functions as well as phonological acquisition. Throughout, an evaluation is made of the research on patterns of typical development across languages in monolingual and bilingual children and children with speech impairments affecting various aspects of their developing complex system. Also considered is the status of available theoretical perspectives on phonological acquisition relative to an emergence proposal, and contributions that this perspective could make to more comprehensive modeling of the nature of phonological acquisition are proposed. The volume will be of interest to cognitive psychologists, linguistics, and speech pathologists.

Emergence in Complex, Cognitive, Social, and Biological Systems

Emergence in Complex, Cognitive, Social, and Biological Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gianfranco Minati,Eliano Pessa
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461507537
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Emergence in Complex, Cognitive, Social, and Biological Systems by Gianfranco Minati,Eliano Pessa Summary

The systems movement is made up of many systems societies as well as of disciplinary researchers and researches, explicitly or implicitly focusing on the subject of systemics, officially introduced in the scientific community fifty years ago. Many researches in different fields have been and continue to be sources of new ideas and challenges for the systems community. To this regard, a very important topic is the one of EMERGENCE. Between the goals for the actual and future systems scientists there is certainly the definition of a general theory of emergence and the building of a general model of it. The Italian Systems Society, Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sui Sistemi (AIRS), decided to devote its Second National Conference to this subject. Because AIRS is organized under the form of a network of researchers, institutions, scholars, professionals, and teachers, its research activity has an impact at different levels and in different ways. Thus the topic of emergence was not only the focus of this conference but it is actually the main subject of many AIRS activities.

The Emergence of Relativism

The Emergence of Relativism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Kusch,Katherina Kinzel,Johannes Steizinger,Niels Wildschut
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351333550
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The Emergence of Relativism by Martin Kusch,Katherina Kinzel,Johannes Steizinger,Niels Wildschut Summary

Debates over relativism are as old as philosophy itself. Since the late nineteenth century, relativism has also been a controversial topic in many of the social and cultural sciences. And yet, relativism has not been a central topic of research in the history of philosophy or the history of the social sciences. This collection seeks to remedy this situation by studying the emergence of modern forms of relativism as they unfolded in the German lands during the "long nineteenth century"—from the Enlightenment to National Socialism. It focuses on relativist and anti-relativist ideas and arguments in four contexts: history, science, epistemology, and politics. The Emergence of Relativism will be of interest to those studying nineteenth- and twentieth-century philosophy, German idealism, and history and philosophy of science, as well as those in related disciplines such as sociology and anthropology.

The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation

The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mr Stephen C Young
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317798864
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The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation by Mr Stephen C Young Summary

The Emergence of Ecological Modernisation offers a wealth of empirical research material from an international perspective, bringing together previously scattered sources for the first time. It addresses a series of theoretical issues that are of key contemporary relevance, such as the relationship between ecological modernisation and sustainable development; strategies for promoting ecological modernisation, and the extent to which it is possible to 'green' contemporary capitalism.

Emergence Box Set

Emergence Box Set Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Becca Jameson
Editor: Becca Jameson Publishing
ISBN:
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Emergence Box Set by Becca Jameson Summary

The Emergence series follows the lives of several men as they meet the women of their dreams and forge relationships. Each book takes the starring characters down their respective paths of self-awareness and discovery. The first two books feature the same three characters as they form a bond between two men and one woman. The last two books cover the lives of two other women as they acquaint themselves with their true paths and the men who will partner with them for life. Bound to be Taken (Emergence, Book 1) She’s theirs for a weekend. Will they be hers for a lifetime? Bound to be Tamed (Emergence, Book 2) She’s agreed to meet their demands…but can they meet her halfway? Bound to be Tested (Emergence, Book 3) He left with no explanation. Now he’s back. Can her heart survive? Bound to be Tempted (Emergence, Book 4) If they let the past control them…the future will never take hold.

Knowledge Emergence

Knowledge Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ikujiro Nonaka,Toshihiro Nishiguchi
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198029991
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Knowledge Emergence by Ikujiro Nonaka,Toshihiro Nishiguchi Summary

This book brings together the research of a number of scholars in the field of knowledge creation and imparts a sense of order to the field. The chapters share three characteristics: they are all grounded in extensive qualitative and/or quantitative research; they all go beyond the mere description of the knowledge-creation process and offer both theoretical and strategic implications; they share a view of knowledge creation and knowledge transfer as delicate processes, necessitating particular forms of support from managers.

Emergence

Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Graeme Ing
Editor: Graeme Ing
ISBN:
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Emergence by Graeme Ing Summary

Porl's world is dying. Crops fail. Birds fall from the sky. Is this a repeat of the Cataclysm that decimated the Ancients’ world a thousand years ago? Porl loves to fix things and is compelled to solve the mystery - and save his people no matter the personal cost. Disobeying the will of the town Elders, Porl uncovers a secret they want hidden. When caught, the Elders banish Porl into the wilderness, alone against the savage Mad-Ones. As the Mad-Ones hunt him, Porl discovers the world isn't what he believed. The more he learns about the mystical Ancients, the more he unravels an incredible reality he never imagined. Nothing is what it seems. The harshest truth he uncovers is that in seven days everyone he loves will die. Yet the final secret of the Ancients, on how to save his people, still eludes him…

Emergence

Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lindsey R. Loucks,Mysti Parker
Editor: Evershade Publishing
ISBN:
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Emergence by Lindsey R. Loucks,Mysti Parker Summary

One woman. Five men. Together, they'll sever the crown - or maybe the head that wears it. From USA Today bestselling author Lindsey R. Loucks and award-winning author Mysti Parker, get lost in a paranormal romance that will leave you breathless and begging for more! Wren has a dark obsession—to find her mother's murderers before they find her. Every new singing gig brings her closer to crossing their names from her list. When a detective shows up with a new lead, she jumps at the chance with fangs bared. But to get the information they need, they'll have to bust someone out of jail. Sure. No problem. Ashe has just been framed for high crimes against the Southern Vampire Clan—but he's not exactly innocent either. While waiting for his fate, a five-pointed star tattoo appears on his wrist, similar to the tattoo of a stunning platinum-haired vampire. The sudden attraction between them is undeniable. Better yet, she's just offered to free him. Sounds like a great deal. So what's the catch? Turns out, as their enemies close in, the catch could very well be their lives. **Complete series now available!** For fans of the True Blood novels, The Black Dagger Brotherhood, and Dark Hunter. A vampire romance with nonstop action, plenty of spice, and a few laughs! Perfect for fans of Charlaine Harris, J.R. Ward, and Sherrilyn Kenyon! Download today and join the revolution! Book 2: Defiance Book 3: Obsession Book 4: Relentless Book 5: Ascension

Transformation

Transformation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Murray Stein
Editor: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781585444496
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Transformation by Murray Stein Summary

Noted analyst and author Murray Stein explains what the psychological process of transformation, more commonly known as a middle crisis, actually is, and what it means for an individual to experience it. Consciously working through this life stage can lead people to become who they have always potentially been. Indeed, Stein suggests, transformation is the essential human task.

The Physics of Emergence

The Physics of Emergence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert C Bishop
Editor: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1643271563
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The Physics of Emergence by Robert C Bishop Summary

A standard view of elementary particles and forces is that they determine everything else in the rest of physics, the whole of chemistry, biology, geology, physiology and perhaps even human behavior. This reductive view of physics is popular among some physicists. Yet, there are other physicists who argue this is an oversimplified and that the relationship of elementary particle physics to these other domains is one of emergence. Several objections have been raised from physics against proposals for emergence (e.g., that genuinely emergent phenomena would violate the standard model of elementary particle physics, or that genuine emergence would disrupt the lawlike order physics has revealed). Many of these objections rightly call into question typical conceptions of emergence found in the philosophy literature. This book explores whether physics points to a reductive or an emergent structure of the world and proposes a physics-motivated conception of emergence that leaves behind many of the problematic intuitions shaping the philosophical conceptions. Examining several detailed case studies reveal that the structure of physics and the practice of physics research are both more interesting than is captured in this reduction/emergence debate. The results point to stability conditions playing a crucial though underappreciated role in the physics of emergence. This contextual emergence has thought-provoking consequences for physics and beyond, and will be of interest to physics students, researchers, as well as those interested in physics.

The Emergence of the Multinational Corporation

The Emergence of the Multinational Corporation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eva Lena Richter
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668618437
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The Emergence of the Multinational Corporation by Eva Lena Richter Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: 1,3, University of Cologne (Wirtschaftsgeografie), language: English, abstract: Multinational corporations (MNCs) play a significant role in our economic world. Accounting for approximately one third of total world trade and including around 80 million people outside their home bases1 in complex supply and dependency networks, they seize seemingly endless economic power what has given way to strong opposition and causes fear amongst ordinary people who feel at the mercy of their power. In my paper I will try to clarify the relationship between MNCs and nation states and therefore answer the question what kind of forces drive MNCs, which objectives they have and which measures they take to reach their individual aims. The paper will start with the definition of MNCs (chapter 2) and their emergence. I will then refer theories of MNC evolution that are closely linked to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and patterns of labour division (chapter 3 and 4). The following chapter shall explore the power relationship between nation states and MNCs in general (chapter 5). The example of oil extraction through Royal Dutch Shell in the Nigeria's delta region will further illustrate the interdependencies especially many resource rich but underdeveloped or developing countries face and identify the sources of friction between government, state, peoples, NGOs and MNCs. The findings will be summarized and an outlook on possible future developments will be given in the last chapter (or Chapter 6).