Engaged In War

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The Morality of War - Second Edition

The Morality of War - Second Edition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1770484612
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The Morality of War - Second Edition by , Summary

The first edition of The Morality of War was one of the most widely-read and successful books ever written on the topic. In this second edition, Brian Orend builds on the substantial strengths of the first, adding important new material on: cyber-warfare; drone attacks; the wrap-up of Iraq and Afghanistan; conflicts in Libya and Syria; and protracted struggles (like the Arab-Israeli conflict). Updated and streamlined throughout, the book offers new research tools and case studies, while keeping the winning blend of theory and history featured in the first edition. This book remains an engaging and comprehensive examination of the ethics, and practice, of war and peace in today’s world.

The Morality of War

The Morality of War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Orend
Editor: Broadview Press
ISBN: 9781770481923
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The Morality of War by Brian Orend Summary

"Brian Orend's The Morality of War promises to become the single most comprehensive and important book on just war for this generation. It moves far beyond the review of the standard just war categories to deal comprehensively with the new challenges of the conflict with terrorism. It thoughtfully reviews every major military conflict of the past few decades, mining them for implications of the evolving tradition of just war thinking. It concludes with a critical engagement with the major alternatives to just war thinking: pacifism and 'realism.' It is, in short, the most comprehensive and thoughtful assessment of all aspects of just war since Michael Walzer's classic Just and Unjust Wars." - Martin L. Cook, United States Air Force Academy

The Ethics of War and Peace

The Ethics of War and Peace Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Helen Frowe
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317370597
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The Ethics of War and Peace by Helen Frowe Summary

The Ethics of War and Peace is a lively introduction to one of the oldest but still most relevant ethical debates. Focusing on the philosophical questions surrounding the ethics of modern war, Helen Frowe presents contemporary just war theory in a stimulating and accessible way. This 2nd edition includes new material on weapons and technology, and humanitarian intervention, in addition to: theories of self-defence and national defence jus ad bellum, jus in bello and jus post bellum the moral status of combatants the principle of non-combatant immunity and the nature of terrorism and the moral status of terrorists. Each chapter uses examples and concludes with a summary, discussion questions and suggestions for further reading to aid student engagement, learning and revision. The glossary has been expanded to cover the full range of relevant terminology. This is the ideal textbook for students of philosophy and politics approaching this important area for the first time.

The Ethics of War and the Force of Law

The Ethics of War and the Force of Law Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Uwe Steinhoff
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000260011
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The Ethics of War and the Force of Law by Uwe Steinhoff Summary

This book provides a thorough critical overview of the current debate on the ethics of war, as well as a modern just war theory that can give practical action-guidance by recognizing and explaining the moral force of widely accepted law. Traditionalist, Walzerian, and "revisionist" approaches have dominated contemporary debates about the classical jus ad bellum and jus in bello requirements in just war theory. In this book, Uwe Steinhoff corrects widely spread misinterpretations of these competing views and spells out the implications for the ethics of war. His approach is unique in that it complements the usual analysis in terms of self-defense with an emphasis on the importance of other justifications that are often lumped together under the heading of "lesser evil." It also draws on criminal law and legal scholarship, which has been largely ignored by just war theorists. Ultimately, Steinhoff rejects arguments in favor of "moral fundamentalism"— the view that the laws and customs of war must simply follow an immutable morality. In contrast, he argues that widely accepted laws and conventions of war are partly constitutive of the moral rules that apply in a conflict. The Ethics of War and the Force of Law will be of interest to scholars and advanced students working in just war theory, applied ethics, political philosophy, political theory, philosophy of law, and criminal and military law.

The Rights of War and Peace

The Rights of War and Peace Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hugo Grotius
Editor: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1602061270
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The Rights of War and Peace by Hugo Grotius Summary

The Rights of War and Peace establishes a system of international law based on the concept of natural law. Natural law, as Grotius describes it, is law that applies to all people, regardless of country or nationality. This law establishes concepts like "justifiable war" and "natural justice." Grotius discusses situations under which countries should go to war, and then further explains the proper way in which wars should be prosecuted. There are, he says, certain rules in warfare that must be observed, regardless of whether the parties involved have signed any specific agreement to do so. Philosophy and law students, as well as those with an interest in international politics, will be amazed at how modern many of Grotius's ideas seem and intrigued by this foray into international law that still has repercussions in the world today. HUGO GROTIUS (1583-1645) was born in the city of Delft in the Dutch Republic. Staggeringly intelligent, he entered the University of Leiden at age eleven and graduated at age fifteen. He was a philosopher and Christian apologist now remembered for his work in establishing a philosophical basis for international law.

War Narratives and the American National Will in War

War Narratives and the American National Will in War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey J. Kubiak
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137410140
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War Narratives and the American National Will in War by Jeffrey J. Kubiak Summary

With the U.S. war in Afghanistan in its twelfth year, axioms regarding the American national will in war not being able to tolerate anything other than quick and costless adventures have been found useless in understanding why the U.S. continues to persist in that endeavor. This book answers complex questions about modern US intervention abroad.

Ways Out of War

Ways Out of War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M. Fixdal
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137030542
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Ways Out of War by M. Fixdal Summary

An exploration of the individual work of ten diplomats who were charged with negotiating conclusions to intractable conflicts in the Middle East and Balkans, this book is the first study to combine the outlooks of practitioners and academics on new forms of war, especially asymmetrical warfare between state and non-state actors.

On War (Volume-1)

On War (Volume-1) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carl von Clausewitz
Editor: Prabhat Prakashan
ISBN:
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On War (Volume-1) by Carl von Clausewitz Summary

Heroism and Gender in War Films

Heroism and Gender in War Films Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Karen A. Ritzenhoff
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137360720
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Heroism and Gender in War Films by Karen A. Ritzenhoff Summary

Filmic constructions of war heroism have a profound impact on public perceptions of conflicts. Here, contributors examine the ways motifs of gender and heroism in war films are used to justify ideological positions, shape the understanding of the military conflicts, support political agendas and institutions, and influence collective memory.

War Before Civilization

War Before Civilization Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lawrence H. Keeley
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199880700
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War Before Civilization by Lawrence H. Keeley Summary

The myth of the peace-loving "noble savage" is persistent and pernicious. Indeed, for the last fifty years, most popular and scholarly works have agreed that prehistoric warfare was rare, harmless, unimportant, and, like smallpox, a disease of civilized societies alone. Prehistoric warfare, according to this view, was little more than a ritualized game, where casualties were limited and the effects of aggression relatively mild. Lawrence Keeley's groundbreaking War Before Civilization offers a devastating rebuttal to such comfortable myths and debunks the notion that warfare was introduced to primitive societies through contact with civilization (an idea he denounces as "the pacification of the past"). Building on much fascinating archeological and historical research and offering an astute comparison of warfare in civilized and prehistoric societies, from modern European states to the Plains Indians of North America, War Before Civilization convincingly demonstrates that prehistoric warfare was in fact more deadly, more frequent, and more ruthless than modern war. To support this point, Keeley provides a wide-ranging look at warfare and brutality in the prehistoric world. He reveals, for instance, that prehistorical tactics favoring raids and ambushes, as opposed to formal battles, often yielded a high death-rate; that adult males falling into the hands of their enemies were almost universally killed; and that surprise raids seldom spared even women and children. Keeley cites evidence of ancient massacres in many areas of the world, including the discovery in South Dakota of a prehistoric mass grave containing the remains of over 500 scalped and mutilated men, women, and children (a slaughter that took place a century and a half before the arrival of Columbus). In addition, Keeley surveys the prevalence of looting, destruction, and trophy-taking in all kinds of warfare and again finds little moral distinction between ancient warriors and civilized armies. Finally, and perhaps most controversially, he examines the evidence of cannibalism among some preliterate peoples. Keeley is a seasoned writer and his book is packed with vivid, eye-opening details (for instance, that the homicide rate of prehistoric Illinois villagers may have exceeded that of the modern United States by some 70 times). But he also goes beyond grisly facts to address the larger moral and philosophical issues raised by his work. What are the causes of war? Are human beings inherently violent? How can we ensure peace in our own time? Challenging some of our most dearly held beliefs, Keeley's conclusions are bound to stir controversy.

Writings on War

Writings on War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carl Schmitt
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 074569716X
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Writings on War by Carl Schmitt Summary

Writings on War collects three of Carl Schmitt's mostimportant and controversial texts, here appearing in English forthe first time: The Turn to the Discriminating Concept ofWar, The Großraum Order of International Law, andThe International Crime of the War of Aggression and thePrinciple "Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege". Written between 1937 and 1945, these works articulate Schmitt'sconcerns throughout this period of war and crisis, addressing themajor failings of the League of Nations, and presenting Schmitt'sown conceptual history of these years of disaster for internationaljurisprudence. For Schmitt, the jurisprudence of Versailles andNuremberg both fail to provide for a stable international system,insofar as they attempt to impose universal standards of‘humanity' on a heterogeneous world, and treat efforts torevise the status quo as ‘criminal' acts of war. In place ofthese flawed systems, Schmitt argues for a new planetary order inwhich neither collective security organizations nor 19th centuryempires, but Schmittian ‘Reichs' will be the leading subjectof international law. Writings on War will be essential reading for those seeking tounderstand the work of Carl Schmitt, the history of internationallaw and the international system, and interwar European history.Not only do these writings offer an erudite point of entry into thedynamic and charged world of interwar European jurisprudence; theyalso speak with prescience to a 21st century world struggling withsimilar issues of global governance and international law.

The Art of War

The Art of War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Niccolo Machiavelli
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1627931430
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The Art of War by Niccolo Machiavelli Summary

The only political work published during Machiavelli's lifetime, The Art of War delivers political, historic, and scholarly advice through seven chapters in the form of a Socratic dialogue. In his own words, the book's purpose is "To honor and reward virtue, not to have contempt for poverty, to constrain citizens to love one another, to live without factions, and to esteem less the private than the public good."

The Politics of War Commemoration in the UK and Russia

The Politics of War Commemoration in the UK and Russia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nataliya Danilova
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137395710
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The Politics of War Commemoration in the UK and Russia by Nataliya Danilova Summary

This book analyses contemporary war commemoration in Britain and Russia. Focusing on the political aspects of remembrance, it explores the instrumentalisation of memory for managing civil-military relations and garnering public support for conflicts. It explains the nexus between remembrance, militarisation and nationalism in modern societies.

Women in War Films

Women in War Films Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ralph Donald,Karen MacDonald
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442234474
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Women in War Films by Ralph Donald,Karen MacDonald Summary

This companion volume to Reel Men at War takes a look at how women have been portrayed in war films, from silents of the 1920s to films of the twenty-first century. The authors explore the full range of women on the home front, covering nurses and doctors on the war front and women in combat. Films examined include Wings, A Farewell to Arms, Since You Went Away, So Proudly We Hail, Mrs. Miniver, A Guy Named Joe, The Best Years of Our Lives, From Here to Eternity, M*A*S*H, Coming Home, Aliens, G. I. Jane, Courage under Fire, Starship Troopers, Inglorious Basterds, and Zero Dark Thirty. This volume also includes an extensive filmography with brief assessments of how women are portrayed in each of these films.

Gender and the Great War

Gender and the Great War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Susan R. Grayzel,Tammy M. Proctor
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190271094
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Gender and the Great War by Susan R. Grayzel,Tammy M. Proctor Summary

The centenary of the First World War in 2014-18 offers an opportunity to reflect upon the role of gender history in shaping our understanding of this pivotal international event. From the moment of its outbreak, the gendered experiences of the war have been seen by contemporary observers and postwar commentators and scholars as being especially significant for shaping how the war can and must be understood. The negotiating of ideas about gender by women and men across vast reaches of the globe characterizes this modern, instrumental conflict. Over the past twenty-five years, as the scholarship on gender and this war has grown, there has never been a forum such as the one presented here that placed so many of the varying threads of this complex historiography into conversation with one another in a manner that is at once accessible and provocative. Given the vast literature on the war itself, scholarship on gender and various themes and topics provides students as well as scholars with a chance to think not only about the subject of the war but also the methodological implications of how historians have approached it. While many studies have addressed the national or transnational narrative of women in the war, none address both femininity and masculinity, and the experiences of both women and men across the same geographic scope as the studies presented in this volume.

The Gallic Wars

The Gallic Wars Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julius Caesar
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1627933891
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The Gallic Wars by Julius Caesar Summary

Caesar portrayed his invasion of Gaul as being a defensive pre-emptive action, most historians agree that the wars were fought primarily to boost Caesar's political career and to pay off his massive debts. Even so, Gaul was extremely important to Rome, as they had been attacked many times by the Gauls. Conquering Gaul allowed Rome to secure the natural border of the river Rhine. Caesar painstakingly describes his military campaign, and this is it is still the most important historical source on the Gaul campaign. It is also a masterwork of political propaganda, as Caesar was keenly interested in manipulating his readers in Rome as he published this book just as the Roman Civil war began. W. A. Macdevitt's translations brings this land mark historic book alive.

At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War

At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Henty
Editor: Litres
ISBN: 5041626049
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At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War by George Henty Summary

"At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War" by G. A. Henty. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Which People's War?

Which People's War? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sonya O. Rose
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191001902
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Which People's War? by Sonya O. Rose Summary

Which People's War? examines how national belonging, or British national identity, was envisaged in the public culture of the World War II home front. Using materials from newspapers, magazines, films, novels, diaries, letters, and all sorts of public documents, it explores such questions as: who was included as 'British' and what did it mean to be British? How did the British describe themselves as a singular people, and what were the consequences of those depictions? It also examines the several meanings of citizenship elaborated in various discussions concerning the British nation at war. This investigation of the powerful constructions of national identity and understandings of citizenship circulating in Britain during the Second World War exposes their multiple and contradictory consequences at the time. It reveals the fragility of any singular conception of 'Britishness' even during a war that involved the total mobilization of the country's citizenry and cost 400,000 British civilian lives.

Pacifism

Pacifism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert L. Holmes
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1474279813
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Pacifism by Robert L. Holmes Summary

In a world riven with conflict, violence and war, this book proposes a philosophical defense of pacifism. It argues that there is a moral presumption against war and unless that presumption is defeated, war is unjustified. Leading philosopher of non-violence Robert Holmes contends that neither just war theory nor the rationales for recent wars (Vietnam, the Gulf War, the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars) defeat that presumption, hence that war in the modern world is morally unjustified. A detailed, comprehensive and elegantly argued text which guides both students and scholars through the main debates (Just War Theory and double effect to name a few) clearly but without oversimplifying the complexities of the issues or historical examples.

Cyber War

Cyber War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jens David Ohlin,Kevin Govern,Claire Finkelstein
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191027006
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Cyber War by Jens David Ohlin,Kevin Govern,Claire Finkelstein Summary

Cyber weapons and cyber warfare have become one of the most dangerous innovations of recent years, and a significant threat to national security. Cyber weapons can imperil economic, political, and military systems by a single act, or by multifaceted orders of effect, with wide-ranging potential consequences. Unlike past forms of warfare circumscribed by centuries of just war tradition and Law of Armed Conflict prohibitions, cyber warfare occupies a particularly ambiguous status in the conventions of the laws of war. Furthermore, cyber attacks put immense pressure on conventional notions of sovereignty, and the moral and legal doctrines that were developed to regulate them. This book, written by an unrivalled set of experts, assists in proactively addressing the ethical and legal issues that surround cyber warfare by considering, first, whether the Laws of Armed Conflict apply to cyberspace just as they do to traditional warfare, and second, the ethical position of cyber warfare against the background of our generally recognized moral traditions in armed conflict. The book explores these moral and legal issues in three categories. First, it addresses foundational questions regarding cyber attacks. What are they and what does it mean to talk about a cyber war? The book presents alternative views concerning whether the laws of war should apply, or whether transnational criminal law or some other peacetime framework is more appropriate, or if there is a tipping point that enables the laws of war to be used. Secondly, it examines the key principles of jus in bello to determine how they might be applied to cyber-conflicts, in particular those of proportionality and necessity. It also investigates the distinction between civilian and combatant in this context, and studies the level of causation necessary to elicit a response, looking at the notion of a 'proximate cause'. Finally, it analyses the specific operational realities implicated by particular regulatory regimes. This book is unmissable reading for anyone interested in the impact of cyber warfare on international law and the laws of war.