Harvest Of Fish And Wildlife

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Harvest of Fish and Wildlife

Harvest of Fish and Wildlife Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000389227
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Harvest of Fish and Wildlife by Summary

Harvest of Fish and Wildlife: New Paradigms for Sustainable Management unites experts in wildlife and fishery sciences for an interdisciplinary overview of harvest management. This book presents unique insights for embracing the complete social-ecological system to ensure a sustainable future. It educates users on evolutionary and population dynamics; social and political influences; hunter and angler behavior; decision processes; impacts of regulations; and stakeholder involvement. Features: Written by twenty-four teams of leading scientists and managers. Promotes transparent justification for fishing and hunting regulations. Provides examples for integrating decision making into management. Emphasizes creativity in management by integrating art and science. This book appeals to population biologists, evolutionary biologists and social scientists. It is a key resource for on-the-ground managers and research scientists developing harvesting applications. As the book’s contributors explain: “Making decisions that are robust to uncertainty...is a paradigm shift with a lot of potential to improve outcomes for fish and wildlife populations.” –Andrew Tyre and Brigitte Tenhumberg “Temporal shifts in system states...must somehow be anticipated and dealt with to derive harvest policies that remain optimal in the long term.” –Michael Conroy “Proactive, effective management of sportspersons...will be essential in the new paradigm of harvest management.” –Matthew Gruntorad and Christopher Chizinski

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Pierre L. Savard,Dirk V. Derksen,Dan Esler,John M. Eadie
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482248980
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Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks by Jean-Pierre L. Savard,Dirk V. Derksen,Dan Esler,John M. Eadie Summary

The past decade has seen a huge increase in the interest and attention directed toward sea ducks, the Mergini tribe. This has been inspired, in large part, by the conservation concerns associated with numerical declines in several sea duck species and populations, as well as a growing appreciation for their interesting ecological attributes. Reflecting the considerable research recently conducted on this tribe, Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks examines the 15 extant species of sea ducks from North America. Chapters are organized conceptually to focus on, compare, and contrast the ecological attributes of the tribe. Experts provide in-depth treatments of a range of topics, including: Population dynamics and genetics Infectious diseases and parasites Breeding costs and cross-seasonal affects Contaminant burdens Foraging behavior and energetics Migration strategies, molt ecology, and habitat affinities and dynamics Breeding systems and reproductive behavior Harvest history The book presents a comprehensive synthesis of sea duck ecology, documents factors that have caused population declines of some species, and provides managers with measures to enhance recovery of depressed populations of sea ducks in North America. Capturing the current state of knowledge of this unique tribe, it provides a benchmark for where we are in conservation efforts and suggests future directions for researchers, managers, students, conservationists, and avian enthusiasts.

The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation

The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shane P. Mahoney,Valerius Geist
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421432811
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The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation by Shane P. Mahoney,Valerius Geist Summary

Organ, James Peek, William Porter, John Sandlos, James A. Schaefer

Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship

Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship Pdf/ePub eBook Author: F Stuart Chapin III,Gary P. Kofinas,Carl Folke
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387730332
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Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship by F Stuart Chapin III,Gary P. Kofinas,Carl Folke Summary

The world is undergoing unprecedented changes in many of the factors that determine its fundamental properties and their in- ence on society. These changes include climate; the chemical c- position of the atmosphere; the demands of a growing human population for food and ?ber; and the mobility of organisms, ind- trial products, cultural perspectives, and information ?ows. The magnitude and widespread nature of these changes pose serious challenges in managing the ecosystem services on which society depends. Moreover, many of these changes are strongly in?uenced by human activities, so future patterns of change will continue to be in?uenced by society’s choices and governance. The purpose of this book is to provide a new framework for n- ural resource management—a framework based on stewardship of ecosystems for human well-being in a world dominated by unc- tainty and change. The goal of ecosystem stewardship is to respond to and shape change in social-ecological systems in order to s- tain the supply and opportunities for use of ecosystem services by society. The book links recent advances in the theory of resilience, sustainability, and vulnerability with practical issues of ecosystem management and governance. The book is aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students of natural resource management as well as professional managers, community leaders, and policy makers with backgrounds in a wide array of d- ciplines, including ecology, policy studies, economics, sociology, and anthropology.

Ecosystems of California

Ecosystems of California Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harold Mooney,Erika Zavaleta
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520962176
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Ecosystems of California by Harold Mooney,Erika Zavaleta Summary

This long-anticipated reference and sourcebook for California’s remarkable ecological abundance provides an integrated assessment of each major ecosystem type—its distribution, structure, function, and management. A comprehensive synthesis of our knowledge about this biologically diverse state, Ecosystems of California covers the state from oceans to mountaintops using multiple lenses: past and present, flora and fauna, aquatic and terrestrial, natural and managed. Each chapter evaluates natural processes for a specific ecosystem, describes drivers of change, and discusses how that ecosystem may be altered in the future. This book also explores the drivers of California’s ecological patterns and the history of the state’s various ecosystems, outlining how the challenges of climate change and invasive species and opportunities for regulation and stewardship could potentially affect the state’s ecosystems. The text explicitly incorporates both human impacts and conservation and restoration efforts and shows how ecosystems support human well-being. Edited by two esteemed ecosystem ecologists and with overviews by leading experts on each ecosystem, this definitive work will be indispensable for natural resource management and conservation professionals as well as for undergraduate or graduate students of California’s environment and curious naturalists.

Tourism and the Consumption of Wildlife

Tourism and the Consumption of Wildlife Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brent Lovelock
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113414024X
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Tourism and the Consumption of Wildlife by Brent Lovelock Summary

Consumptive forms of wildlife tourism (hunting, shooting and fishing) have become a topic of interest – both to the tourism industry, in terms of destinations seeking to establish or grow this sector, and to other stakeholders such as environmental organisations, animal-rights groups, and the general public. Hunting tourism, in particular, has come under fire with accusations that it is contributing to the demise of some species. Practices such as "canned hunting" (within fenced safari parks) or the use of hounds are described as unethical, and fishing tourism too has attracted recent negative publicity as it is said to be cruel. At the same time, however, many peripheral and indigenous communities around the world are strategising how to capitalise on consumptive forms of wildlife tourism. This book addresses a range of contentious issues facing the consumptive wildlife tourism sector across a number of destinations in Europe, North America, Africa, India, Arabia and Oceania. Practices such as baited bear hunting, trophy hunting of threatened species, and hunting for conservation are debated, along with the impact of this type of tourism on indigenous communities and on wider societies. Research on all aspects of "consumptive wildlife tourism" is included, which for the purposes of the book is defined to include all tourism that involves the intended killing of wildlife for sport purposes, and may include the harvest of wildlife products. This includes, among others, recreational hunting, big-game hunting and safari operations, traditional/indigenous hunting, game-bird shooting, hunting with hounds, freshwater angling and saltwater game fishing etc. This is the first book to specifically address tourist aspects of consumption of wildlife. It will appeal to tourism and recreation academics and students, tourism industry operators, community tourism planners and wildlife managers.

Human Ecology And Climatic Change

Human Ecology And Climatic Change Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David L. Peterson,Darryll R. Johnson
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131783707X
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Human Ecology And Climatic Change by David L. Peterson,Darryll R. Johnson Summary

The Far North, a land of extreme weather and intense beauty, is the only region of North America whose ecosystems have remained reasonably intact. Humans are newcomers there and nature predominates. As is widely known, recent changes in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to create rapid climatic shifts in our life-time and well into the future. These changes, a product of southern industrial society, will have the greatest impact on ecosystems at northern latitudes, which until now have remained largely undisturbed. In this fragile balance, as terrestrial and aquatic habitats change, animal and human populations will be irrevocably altered.

The Atchafalaya River Basin

The Atchafalaya River Basin Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bryan P. Piazza
Editor: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 162349141X
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The Atchafalaya River Basin by Bryan P. Piazza Summary

In this comprehensive, one-volume reference, Nature Conservancy scientist Bryan P. Piazza poses five key questions: —What is the Atchafalaya River Basin? —Why is it important? —How have its hydrology and natural habitats been managed? —What is its current state? —How do we ensure its survival? For more than five centuries, the Atchafalaya River Basin has captured the flow of the Mississippi River, becoming its main distributary as it reaches the Gulf of Mexico in south Louisiana. This dynamic environment, comprising almost a million acres of the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley and Mississippi River Deltaic Plain, is perhaps best known for its expansive swamp environments dominated by baldcypress, water tupelo, and alligators. But the Atchafalaya River Basin contains a wide range of habitats and one of the highest levels of biodiversity on the North American continent. Piazza has compiled and synthesized the body of scientific knowledge for the Atchafalaya River Basin, documenting the ecological state of the basin and providing a baseline of understanding. His research provides a crucial resource for future planning. He evaluates some common themes that have emerged from the research and identifies important scientific questions that remain unexplored.

Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods

Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Barney Dickson,Jonathan Hutton,William A. Adams
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444303186
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Recreational Hunting, Conservation and Rural Livelihoods by Barney Dickson,Jonathan Hutton,William A. Adams Summary

Recreational hunting has long been a controversial issue. Is it a threat to biodiversity or can it be a tool for conservation, giving value to species and habitats that might otherwise be lost? Are the moral objections to hunting for pleasure well founded? Does recreational hunting support rural livelihoods in developing countries, or are these benefits exaggerated by proponents? For the first time, this book addresses many of the issues that are fundamental to an understanding of the real role of recreational hunting in conservation and rural development. It examines the key issues, asks the difficult questions, and seeks to present the answers to guide policy. Where the answers are not available, it highlights gaps in our knowledge and lays out the research agenda for the next decade.

Encyclopedia of the Arctic

Encyclopedia of the Arctic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mark Nuttall
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136786805
FileSize: 370kb
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Encyclopedia of the Arctic by Mark Nuttall Summary

With detailed essays on the Arctic's environment, wildlife, climate, history, exploration, resources, economics, politics, indigenous cultures and languages, conservation initiatives and more, this Encyclopedia is the only major work and comprehensive reference on this vast, complex, changing, and increasingly important part of the globe. Including 305 maps. This Encyclopedia is not only an interdisciplinary work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching Arctic issues, but a fascinating and comprehensive resource for residents of the Arctic, and all those concerned with global environmental issues, sustainability, science, and human interactions with the environment.

Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations

Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David L. Thomson,Evan G. Cooch,Michael J. Conroy
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387781518
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Modeling Demographic Processes in Marked Populations by David L. Thomson,Evan G. Cooch,Michael J. Conroy Summary

Here, biologists and statisticians come together in an interdisciplinary synthesis with the aim of developing new methods to overcome the most significant challenges and constraints faced by quantitative biologists seeking to model demographic rates.

Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life

Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Roberto Salguero-Gomez,Marlène Gamelon
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019257549X
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Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life by Roberto Salguero-Gomez,Marlène Gamelon Summary

Demography is everywhere in our lives: from birth to death. Indeed, the universal currencies of survival, development, reproduction, and recruitment shape the performance of all species, from microbes to humans. The number of techniques for demographic data acquisition and analyses across the entire tree of life (microbes, fungi, plants, and animals) has drastically increased in recent decades. These developments have been partially facilitated by the advent of technologies such as GIS and drones, as well as analytical methods including Bayesian statistics and high-throughput molecular analyses. However, despite the universality of demography and the significant research potential that could emerge from unifying: (i) questions across taxa, (ii) data collection protocols, and (iii) analytical tools, demographic methods to date have remained taxonomically siloed and methodologically disintegrated. This is the first book to attempt a truly unified approach to demography and population ecology in order to address a wide range of questions in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology across the entire spectrum of life. This novel book provides the reader with the fundamentals of data collection, model construction, analyses, and interpretation across a wide repertoire of demographic techniques and protocols. It introduces the novice demographer to a broad range of demographic methods, including abundance-based models, life tables, matrix population models, integral projection models, integrated population models, individual based models, and more. Through the careful integration of data collection methods, analytical approaches, and applications, clearly guided throughout with fully reproducible R scripts, the book provides an up-to-date and authoritative overview of the most popular and effective demographic tools. Demographic Methods across the Tree of Life is aimed at graduate students and professional researchers in the fields of demography, ecology, animal behaviour, genetics, evolutionary biology, mathematical biology, and wildlife management.

Harvesting Operations in the Tropics

Harvesting Operations in the Tropics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Sessions
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540463917
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Harvesting Operations in the Tropics by John Sessions Summary

This book brings together information on harvest methods, system productivity, and methods for conducting safe, efficient, and environmentally acceptable operations in tropical forests. It highlights the challenges of harvest operations in the tropics, includes techniques that have been shown to be successful, and discusses newer technologies. Numerical examples are provided to provide clarity for interpreting graphs, procedures, and formulas.

Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes

Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Arnas Palaima
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520954017
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Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes by Arnas Palaima Summary

The San Francisco Bay, the biggest estuary on the west coast of North America, was once surrounded by an almost unbroken chain of tidal wetlands, a fecund sieve of ecosystems connecting the land and the Bay. Today, most of these wetlands have disappeared under the demands of coastal development, and those that remain cling precariously to a drastically altered coastline. This volume is a collaborative effort of nearly 40 scholars in which the wealth of scientific knowledge available on tidal wetlands of the San Francisco Estuary is summarized and integrated. This book addresses issues of taxonomy, geomorphology, toxicology, the impact of climate change, ecosystem services, public policy, and conservation, and it is an essential resource for ecologists, environmental scientists, coastal policymakers, and researchers interested in estuaries and conserving and restoring coastal wetlands around the world.

Warmwater Fisheries

Warmwater Fisheries Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James L. Cooper,R. H. Hamre
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788182447
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Warmwater Fisheries by James L. Cooper,R. H. Hamre Summary

Proceedings of a symposium on warmwater fisheries held by the U.S. Forest Service at Scottsdale, AZ on June 4-8, 1991. Panels include: management opportunities and challenges: keys to better service; warmwater fisheries: a resource to be managed; artificial structures -- where they work and how to build them; where the fish come from; water level management; warmwater streams -- a strong current for quality management; non-traditional fishing holes; fertilization and forage fish management; hooking mortality; harvest regulations; recreational fishing; and the role of education in fisheries management. Illustrated.

Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America

Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Guy Baldassarre
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421408082
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Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America by Guy Baldassarre Summary

This edition of Ducks, Geese, and Swans consists of two volumes, printed in full color, and packaged in a slipcase, along with a CD containing references and additional maps.

Environmental Impact of Water Resource Projects

Environmental Impact of Water Resource Projects Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Larry W. Canter
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351080253
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Environmental Impact of Water Resource Projects by Larry W. Canter Summary

This book discusses the environmental impact of water resources projects. Information from literature related to the implementation of studies on water resources projects such as dams and reservoirs, channelization, and dredging are summarized. Other topics covered are methodologies, transport, and decision-making.

Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer

Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David G. Hewitt
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482295989
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Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer by David G. Hewitt Summary

Winner of the Wildlife Society Outstanding Edited Book Award for 2013!Winner of the Texas Chapter of The Wildlife Society Outstanding Book Award for 2011!Winner of a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title Award for 2011!Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer organizes and presents information on the most studied large mammal species in the world. T

Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie-Chickens

Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie-Chickens Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David A. Haukos,Clint Boal
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482240238
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Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie-Chickens by David A. Haukos,Clint Boal Summary

Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category Lesser Prairie-Chickens have experienced substantial declines in terms of population and the extent of area that they occupy. While they are an elusive species, making it difficult at times to monitor them, current evidence indicates that they have been persistently decreasing in number since the Dust Bowl of the 1930s dramatically affected their core range. In May of 2014, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed Lesser Prairie-Chickens as a threatened species, granting them federal protection under the Endangered Species Act, which included a special rule recognizing significant conservation planning efforts made by state and federal wildlife agencies within the geographical range of the species. Although the listing was vacated by judicial ruling in September 2015, concern for persistence of the species persists. These actions illustrate the uncertain legal status and future conservation challenges for Lesser Prairie-Chickens. Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie-Chickens provides a compendium of data, analytical results, and synthesis generated among expert wildlife biologists, conservation biologists, and ornithologists. It thoroughly reviews the life history, genetics, and ecology of the species, and is ultimately directed toward developing and establishing appropriate conservation management strategies. It presents a detailed analysis of the issues and risks relative to conservation as well as an overview of potential conservation tools. It also addresses the challenges that natural resource managers continue to face in their current conservation efforts. While dealing with immediate and short-term issues in Lesser Prairie-Chicken conservation, this book is also a useful starting point for guiding future research, management, and conservation of the species. Published in collaboration with and on behalf of The American Ornithological Society, this volume in the highly-regarded Studies in Avian Biology series provides a definitive reference for researchers, managers, and policy makers as well as those with interests in environmental science, avian biology, game bird management, or Great Plains ecology.

Native Americans and the Criminal Justice System

Native Americans and the Criminal Justice System Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross,Larry Gould
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317255666
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Native Americans and the Criminal Justice System by Jeffrey Ian Ross,Larry Gould Summary

'This collection presents significant summaries of past criminal behavior, and significant new cultural and political contextualizations that provide greater understanding of the complex effects of crime, sovereignty, culture, and colonization on crime and criminalization on Indian reservations.' Duane Champagne, UCLA (From the Foreword) Native Americans and the Criminal Justice System offers a comprehensive approach to explaining the causes, effects, and solutions for the presence and plight of Native Americans in the criminal justice system. Articles from scholars and experts in Native American issues examine the ways in which society's response to Native Americans is often socially constructed. The contributors work to dispel the myths surrounding the crimes committed by Native Americans and assertions about the role of criminal justice agencies that interact with Native Americans. In doing so, the contributors emphasize the historical, social, and cultural roots of Anglo European conflicts with Native peoples and how they are manifested in the criminal justice system. Selected chapters also consider the global and cross-national ramifications of Native Americans and crime. This book systematically analyzes the broad nature of the subject area, including unique and emerging problems, theoretical issues, and policy implications.

Resources and Sustainable Development in the Arctic

Resources and Sustainable Development in the Arctic Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chris Southcott,Frances Abele,David Natcher,Brenda Parlee
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351019082
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Resources and Sustainable Development in the Arctic by Chris Southcott,Frances Abele,David Natcher,Brenda Parlee Summary

Over the past thirty years we have witnessed a demand for resources such as minerals, oil, and gas, which is only set to increase. This book examines the relationship between Arctic communities and extractive resource development. With insights from leading thinkers in the field, the book examines this relationship to better understand what, if anything, can be done in order for the development of non-renewable resources to be of benefit to the long-term sustainability of these communities. The contributions synthesize circumpolar research on the topic of resource extraction in the Arctic, and highlight areas that need further investigation, such as the ability of northern communities to properly use current regulatory processes, fiscal arrangements, and benefit agreements to ensure the long-term sustainability of their culture communities and to avoid a new path dependency This book provides an insightful summary of issues surrounding resource extraction in the Arctic, and will be essential reading for anyone interested in environmental impact assessments, globalization and Indigenous communities, and the future of the Arctic region.

Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Biology and Conservation of Musteloids Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David W. Macdonald,Chris Newman,Lauren A. Harrington
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191077941
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Biology and Conservation of Musteloids by David W. Macdonald,Chris Newman,Lauren A. Harrington Summary

The musteloids are the most diverse super-family among carnivores, ranging from little known, exotic, and highly-endangered species to the popular and familiar, and include a large number of introduced invasives. They feature terrestrial, fossorial, arboreal, and aquatic members, ranging from tenacious predators to frugivorous omnivores, span weights from a 100g weasel to 30kg giant otters, and express a range of social behaviours from the highly gregarious to the fiercely solitary. Musteloids are the subjects of extensive cutting-edge research from phylogenetics to the evolution of sociality and through to the practical implications of disease epidemiology, introduced species management, and climate change. Their diversity and extensive biogeography inform a wide spectrum of ecological theory and conservation practice. The editors of this book have used their combined 90 years of experience working on the behaviour and ecology of wild musteloids to draw together a unique network of the world's most successful and knowledgeable experts. The book begins with nine review chapters covering hot topics in musteloid biology including evolution, disease, social communication, and management. These are followed by twenty extensive case studies providing a range of comprehensive geographic and taxonomic coverage. The final chapter synthesises what has been discussed in the book, and reflects on the different and diverse conservation needs of musteloids and the wealth of conservation lessons they offer. Biology and Conservation of Musteloids provides a conceptual framework for future research and applied conservation management that is suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers in musteloid and carnivore ecology and conservation biology. It will also be of relevance and use to conservationists and wildlife managers.

Great Plains Birds

Great Plains Birds Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Larkin Powell
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 1496218590
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Great Plains Birds by Larkin Powell Summary

The Great Plains is a well-known and well-studied hybrid zone for many animals, most notably birds. In Great Plains Birds Larkin Powell explores the history, geography, and geology of the plains and the birds that inhabit it. From the sandhill crane to ducks and small shorebirds, he explains migration patterns and shows how human settlements have affected the movements of birds. Powell uses historical maps and images to show how wetlands have disappeared, how grasslands have been uprooted, how rivers have been modified by dams, and how the distribution of forests has changed, all the while illustrating why grassland birds are the most threatened group of birds in North America. Powell also discusses conservation attempts and how sporting organizations have raised money to create wetland and grassland habitats for both game and nongame species. Great Plains Birds tells the story of the birds of the plains, discussing where those birds can be found and the impact humans have had on them.

Improving Fish Stock Assessments

Improving Fish Stock Assessments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Committee on Fish Stock Assessment Methods,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Ocean Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309524326
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Improving Fish Stock Assessments by Committee on Fish Stock Assessment Methods,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Ocean Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council Summary

Ocean harvests have plateaued worldwide and many important commercial stocks have been depleted. This has caused great concern among scientists, fishery managers, the fishing community, and the public. This book evaluates the major models used for estimating the size and structure of marine fish populations (stock assessments) and changes in populations over time. It demonstrates how problems that may occur in fisheries data--for example underreporting or changes in the likelihood that fish can be caught with a given type of gear--can seriously degrade the quality of stock assessments. The volume makes recommendations for means to improve stock assessments and their use in fishery management.

Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead federal agencies' recovery responsibilities, expenditures and actions

Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead federal agencies' recovery responsibilities, expenditures and actions Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428944133
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Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead federal agencies' recovery responsibilities, expenditures and actions by Summary

Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead populations were once the world's largest. Before 1550, an estimated 16 million salmon and steelhead returned to the basin annually to spawn. Over the past 25 years, however, the number of salmon and steelhead returning to the Columbia River Basin has averaged around 660,000 per year, although annual population levels have varied widely. Various factors have contributed to the long-term decline including over-harvesting, the construction and operation of dams, the degradation of spawning habitat, increased human population, and unfavorable weather and ocean conditions. The population decline has resulted in the listing of 12 salmon and steelhead populations in the basin as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Once a species is listed as threatened or endangered, the ESA requires that efforts be taken to allow the species to recover. The Department of Commerce's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is the lead agency responsible for the recovery of the threatened or endangered populations of Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead. The recovery of a species entails the development and implementation of a plan for the species' conservation and survival. The ESA also requires other federal agencies to consult with NMFS before they take any action that may jeopardize the continued existence of listed salmon or steelhead populations in the Columbia River Basin. You asked us to (1) identify the roles and responsibilities of the federal agencies involved with the recovery of Columbia River Basin salmon and steelhead, (2) determine how much they have spent collectively on recovery efforts, and (3) determine what recovery actions they have undertaken and what they have accomplished.

Settlement, Subsistence, and Change Among the Labrador Inuit

Settlement, Subsistence, and Change Among the Labrador Inuit Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David C. Natcher,Lawrence Felt,Andrea Procter
Editor: Univ. of Manitoba Press
ISBN: 0887554253
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Settlement, Subsistence, and Change Among the Labrador Inuit by David C. Natcher,Lawrence Felt,Andrea Procter Summary

On January 22, 2005, Inuit from communities throughout northern and central Labrador gathered in a school gymnasium to witness the signing of the Labrador Inuit Land Claim Agreement and to celebrate the long-awaited creation of their own regional self-government of Nunatsiavut.This historic agreement defined the Labrador Inuit settlement area, beneficiary enrollment criteria, and Inuit governance and ownership rights. Settlement, Subsistence, and Change Among the Labrador Inuit explores how these boundaries – around land, around people, and around the right to self-govern – reflect the complex history of the region, of Labrador Inuit identity, and the role of migration and settlement patterns in regional politics. Comprised of twelve essays, the book examines the way of life and cultural survival of this unique indigenous population, including: household structure, social economy of wildfood production, forced relocations and land claims, subsistence and settlement patterns, and contemporary issues around climate change, urban planning, and self-government.

Changing Global Perspectives on Horseshoe Crab Biology, Conservation and Management

Changing Global Perspectives on Horseshoe Crab Biology, Conservation and Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ruth H. Carmichael,Mark L. Botton,Paul K.S. Shin,Siu Gin Cheung
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319195425
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Changing Global Perspectives on Horseshoe Crab Biology, Conservation and Management by Ruth H. Carmichael,Mark L. Botton,Paul K.S. Shin,Siu Gin Cheung Summary

This book reports significant progress of scientific research on horseshoe crabs, including aspects of evolution, genetics, ecology, population dynamics, general biology and physiology, within the recent 10 years. It also highlights the emerging issues related to world-wide conservation threats, status and needs. The contributions in this book represent part of an ongoing global effort to increase data and concept sharing to support basic research and advance conservation for horseshoe crabs.

Science Accomplishments of the Pacific Northwest Research Station

Science Accomplishments of the Pacific Northwest Research Station Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Barry Leonard
Editor: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9781422399989
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Science Accomplishments of the Pacific Northwest Research Station by Barry Leonard Summary

Contents: Pacific Northwest (PNW) Research Station: The Setting: A Message from the PNW Executive Team; Goal Accomplishments; Goal 1: Develop an Understanding of Ecological, Social, & Economic Systems & Their Interactions; Goal 2: Assess the Status & Trends of Ecosystems & Natural Resources & Their Uses; Goal 3: Develop Science-Based Options for Informed Mgmt.; Goal 4: Communicate Science Findings & Enhance their Applications; Publications; symposia, Workshops, & Tours; Conservation Education; Honors & Awards; Research Context; Finances & Workforce; Cooperators Who Received Funding for Studies; Clients Who Provided Funding for Studies; & PNW Research Station Org. Illustrations.

The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee

The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Treuer
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0698160819
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The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee by David Treuer Summary

FINALIST FOR THE 2019 NATIONAL BOOK AWARD LONGLISTED FOR THE 2020 ANDREW CARNEGIE MEDAL FOR EXCELLENCE A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Named a best book of 2019 by The New York Times, TIME, The Washington Post, NPR, Hudson Booksellers, The New York Public Library, The Dallas Morning News, and Library Journal. "Chapter after chapter, it's like one shattered myth after another." - NPR "An informed, moving and kaleidoscopic portrait... Treuer's powerful book suggests the need for soul-searching about the meanings of American history and the stories we tell ourselves about this nation's past.." - New York Times Book Review, front page A sweeping history—and counter-narrative—of Native American life from the Wounded Knee massacre to the present. The received idea of Native American history—as promulgated by books like Dee Brown's mega-bestselling 1970 Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee—has been that American Indian history essentially ended with the 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee. Not only did one hundred fifty Sioux die at the hands of the U. S. Cavalry, the sense was, but Native civilization did as well. Growing up Ojibwe on a reservation in Minnesota, training as an anthropologist, and researching Native life past and present for his nonfiction and novels, David Treuer has uncovered a different narrative. Because they did not disappear—and not despite but rather because of their intense struggles to preserve their language, their traditions, their families, and their very existence—the story of American Indians since the end of the nineteenth century to the present is one of unprecedented resourcefulness and reinvention. In The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee, Treuer melds history with reportage and memoir. Tracing the tribes' distinctive cultures from first contact, he explores how the depredations of each era spawned new modes of survival. The devastating seizures of land gave rise to increasingly sophisticated legal and political maneuvering that put the lie to the myth that Indians don't know or care about property. The forced assimilation of their children at government-run boarding schools incubated a unifying Native identity. Conscription in the US military and the pull of urban life brought Indians into the mainstream and modern times, even as it steered the emerging shape of self-rule and spawned a new generation of resistance. The Heartbeat of Wounded Knee is the essential, intimate story of a resilient people in a transformative era.

Return to the River

Return to the River Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard N. Williams
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080454306
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Return to the River by Richard N. Williams Summary

Return to the River will describe a new ecosystem-based approach to the restoration of salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia River, once one of the most productive river basins for anadromous salmonids on the west coast of North America. The approach of this work has broad applicability to all recovery efforts throughout the northern hemisphere and general applicability to fisheries and aquatic restoration efforts throughout the world. The Pacific Northwest is now embroiled in a major public policy debate over the management and restoration of Pacific salmon. The outcome of the debate has the potential to affect major segments of the region's economy - river transportation, hydroelectric production, irrigated agriculture, urban growth, commercial and sport fisheries, etc. This debate, centered as it is on the salmon in all the rivers, has created a huge demand for information. The book will be a powerful addition to that debate. A 15 year collaboration by a diverse group of scientists working on the management and recovery of salmon, steelhead trout, and wildlife populations in the Pacific Northwest Includes over 200 figures, with four-color throughout the book Discusses complex issues such as habitat degradation, juvenile survival through the hydrosystem, the role of artificial production, and harvest reform

America's Changing Coasts

America's Changing Coasts Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Diana M. Whitelaw,Gerald Robert Visgilio
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1781958548
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America's Changing Coasts by Diana M. Whitelaw,Gerald Robert Visgilio Summary

Following a comprehensive overview by the editors, this volume s expert contributors provide detailed discussion of important legal, ecological and social issues associated with coastal resource management, as well as the most significant challenges confronting land use planners and resource managers in coastal communities. Using an interdisciplinary approach to perplexing questions surrounding the issue of development versus protection, the volume presents a broad approach to coastal issues involving private rights and public trust. Part I: The Law and Coastal Environments provides background information on the more recent federal and state lawsuits, statutes and regulations that impact coastal environments. In Part II: Ecological Consequences for Coastal Development, scientists discuss threats posed by elevated nitrogen levels and heavy metal contamination in coastal waters, followed by descriptions of the impact of development on habitats essential to estuarine-dependent fish and migratory shorebirds. In Part III: Private Use, Public Trust and Coastal Protection the authors explore ways to balance private use of the coast with public rights of access and preservation. They discuss the concept of stewardship by both public and private landowners, factors affecting environmental values in coastal communities, and facilitation of enlightened public policies for growth management and resource protection. Appropriate for courses pertaining to coastal ecology, coastal management or land-use planning, this book will also appeal to a diverse audience of economists, concerned citizens, environmental lawyers and policymakers.

Evolving Approaches to Managing Marine Recreational Fisheries

Evolving Approaches to Managing Marine Recreational Fisheries Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vishwanie Maharaj
Editor: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739130186
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Evolving Approaches to Managing Marine Recreational Fisheries by Vishwanie Maharaj Summary

Each year, thirteen million anglers enjoy the sport of saltwater angling in the United States, generating an estimated $30 billion in sales and supporting nearly 350,000 jobs. Recreational saltwater fishing, however, can significantly impact species of concern-species overfished or experiencing overfishing. Traditional angling controls—bag and size limits and restricted seasons—have fallen short in controlling fishing impacts and reducing conflicts among fishing and non-fishing interests. Evolving Approaches to Managing Marine Recreational Fisheries offers ways of overcoming such problems while providing anglers and the recreational service industry greater regulatory flexibility to enjoy the fruits of sportfishing. It features fourteen internationally recognized fishery experts presenting the pros and cons of using individual fishing quotas (IFQs), game tags, and angler management organizations (AMOs) in managing marine recreational fisheries, presenting both theoretical and practical solutions to help move recreational fisheries management to a new and improved level.

Small Carnivores

Small Carnivores Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Emmanuel Do Linh San,Jun J. Sato,Jerrold L. Belant,Michael J. Somers
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118943260
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Small Carnivores by Emmanuel Do Linh San,Jun J. Sato,Jerrold L. Belant,Michael J. Somers Summary

Small Carnivores: Evolution, Ecology, Behaviour, and Conservation This book focuses on the 232 species of the mammalian Order Carnivora with an average body mass 21.5 kg. Small carnivores inhabit virtually all of the Earth's ecosystems, adopting terrestrial, semi-fossorial, (semi-)arboreal or (semi-)aquatic lifestyles. They occupy multiple trophic levels and therefore play important roles in the regulation of ecosystems, such as natural pest control, seed dispersal and nutrient cycling. In areas where humans have extirpated large carnivores, small carnivores may become the dominant predators, which may increase their abundance ("mesopredator release") to the point that they can sometimes destabilize communities, drive local extirpations and reduce overall biodiversity. On the other hand, one third of the world's small carnivores are threatened or near threatened with extinction. This results from regionally burgeoning human populations' industrial and agricultural activities, causing habitat reduction, destruction, fragmentation and pollution. Overexploitation, persecution and the impacts of introduced predators, competitors, and pathogens have also negatively affected many small carnivore species. Although small carnivores have been intensively studied over the past decades, bibliometric studies showed that they have not received the same attention given to large carnivores. Furthermore, there is huge disparity in how research efforts on small carnivores have been distributed, with some species intensively studied and others superficially or not at all. This book aims at filling a gap in the scientific literature by elucidating the important roles of, and documenting the latest knowledge on, the world's small carnivores. p"This is a book that has been needed for decades. It is the first compendium of recent research on a group of mammals which has received almost no attention before the early 1970s. This book covers a wide range of subdisciplines and techniques and should be considered a solid baseline for further research on this little-known group of highly interesting mammals. As our knowledge regarding how ecosystems function increases, then the valuable role of small carnivores and the necessity for their conservation should be regarded as of paramount importance. The topics covered in this book should therefore be of great interest not only to academics and wildlife researchers, but also to the interested layman."

United States Arctic Interests

United States Arctic Interests Pdf/ePub eBook Author: W.E. Westermeyer,K.M. Shusterich
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461252628
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United States Arctic Interests by W.E. Westermeyer,K.M. Shusterich Summary

Elliot L. Richardson The United States is finally awakening to the fact that it has a major stake in the future of the Arctic. Recognition of the national importance of the Arctic has been slow in coming despite the resource wealth that Arctic Alaska has thus far yielded. Although the United States has had strategic interests in the Arctic since World War II and active oil and gas interests there since the discovery of oil at Prudhoe Bay in 1968, its interest in the Arctic has been low in comparison with that of its Arctic neighbors, Canada and the Soviet Union. What has been described by some as an attitude of neglect toward the Arctic is now changing. The notion of change has become central in most current discussions about the future of the Arctic. It is apparent that the Arctic region is entering a period of greatly accelerated economic, social, strategic, and is political change. The driving force behind the changes taking place resource development activity, and although the present scale of this activity is not inconsequential, it is small in comparison to its projected growth in the next two decades. In short, the Arctic is about to come alive. However, knowledge of the Arctic and experience in the Arctic is comparatively limited. Moreover, competing interests and differing val ues exist among national groups and between countries in the Arctic, just as they do in the lower latitudes.

Advances in Marine Biology

Advances in Marine Biology Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080553696
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Advances in Marine Biology by Summary

Advances in Marine Biology was first published in 1963. Now edited by David W. Sims (Marine Biological Association, UK), the serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes in the series are supplemented by thematic volumes on such topics as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods and Restocking and Stock Enhancement of Marine Invertebrate Fisheries. * New information on the offspring size in marine invertebrates * Discusses important information on the social structure and strategies of delphinids * More than 250 pages of the latest discoveries in marine science

Mining Environmental Handbook

Mining Environmental Handbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jerrold J Marcus
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783264128
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Mining Environmental Handbook by Jerrold J Marcus Summary

Negative environmental events make the headlines. Mining industry examples are the recent incidents at Summitville, Colorado, US, and the cyanide leak at Cambria Resource's Omai Operation in Guyana. In this volatile atmosphere, the publication of the Mining Environmental Handbook comes at an opportune time. It presents an objective, comprehensive and integrated examination of the effects of mining on the environment, and the environmental laws that deal with mining. Though stressing activities in the United States of America, it covers all of North America. North American environmental standards are currently being exported around the world. Consequently, this handbook will be of prime interest in countries that are now coming to terms with mining environmentalism. It should benefit working engineers and environmentalists, manufacturers, legislators, regulators, financiers and journalists. It has been selected as a university textbook. Finally, it will be an indispensable reference during serious discussions about mining environmentalism. Contents: Development of the Mine Environmental Precept and Its Current Political StatusThe Legal Bases of Federal Environmental Control of MiningEnvironmental Control at the State LevelEnvironmental Effects of MiningTechnologies for Environmental ProtectionEnvironmental PermittingSystems Design for Site Specific Environmental ProtectionOperations Environmental ManagementSolution Mining and In-Situ LeachingPlacer or Alluvial MiningCoalAcid Mine Drainage and Other Mining-Influenced Waters (MIW)Uses of Mines as Landfills and RepositoriesEconomic Impact of Current Environmental Regulations on MiningFinancial Assurances for Corrective Actions, Closure and Post ClosureInternational Environmental Control of MiningEnvironmental Case Studies from the Hard Rock IndustryCurrent and Projected IssuesDirectory of State Regulatory AgenciesGlossaryIndex Readership: Engineers, environmentalists and geologists. Keywords:History;Legal Aspects;Problems;Technology;Permitting;Case Studies;Economic ImpactReviews:“… is a useful, and very readable, first point of reference for those needing to have a general overview of the various environmental issues arising from mining and mineral processing … There is much to commend the book to wider international use, as it contains a considerable amount of universal 'best practice' which can be applied to mining situations in most countries seeking to adopt credible western standards.”MININGtechnology

Sea Otter Conservation

Sea Otter Conservation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shawn E. Larson,James L. Bodkin,Glenn R VanBlaricom
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016876
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Sea Otter Conservation by Shawn E. Larson,James L. Bodkin,Glenn R VanBlaricom Summary

Sea otters are good indicators of ocean health. In addition, they are a keystone species, offering a stabilizing effect on ecosystem, controlling sea urchin populations that would otherwise inflict damage to kelp forest ecosystems. The kelp forest ecosystem is crucial for marine organisms and contains coastal erosion. With the concerns about the imperiled status of sea otter populations in California, Aleutian Archipelago and coastal areas of Russia and Japan, the last several years have shown growth of interest culturally and politically in the status and preservation of sea otter populations. Sea Otter Conservation brings together the vast knowledge of well-respected leaders in the field, offering insight into the more than 100 years of conservation and research that have resulted in recovery from near extinction. This publication assesses the issues influencing prospects for continued conservation and recovery of the sea otter populations and provides insight into how to handle future global changes. Covers scientific, cultural, economic and political components of sea otter conservation Provides guidance on how to manage threats to the sea otter populations in the face of future global changes Highlights the effects that interactions of coastal animals have with the marine ecosystem

Decision Making in Natural Resource Management

Decision Making in Natural Resource Management Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael J. Conroy,James T. Peterson
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118506235
FileSize: 1872kb
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Decision Making in Natural Resource Management by Michael J. Conroy,James T. Peterson Summary

This book is intended for use by natural resource managers andscientists, and students in the fields of natural resourcemanagement, ecology, and conservation biology, who are confrontedwith complex and difficult decision making problems. The book takesreaders through the process of developing a structured approach todecision making, by firstly deconstructing decisions into componentparts, which are each fully analyzed and then reassembled to form aworking decision model. The book integrates common-senseideas about problem definitions, such as the need for decisions tobe driven by explicit objectives, with sophisticated approaches formodeling decision influence and incorporating feedback frommonitoring programs into decision making via adaptive management.Numerous worked examples are provided for illustration, along withdetailed case studies illustrating the authors’ experience inapplying structured approaches. There is also a series of detailedtechnical appendices. An accompanying website providescomputer code and data used in the worked examples. Additional resources for this book can be foundat: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/conroy/naturalresourcemanagement"www.wiley.com/go/conroy/naturalresourcemanagement/a.

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