Human And Machine Learning

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Human and Machine Learning

Human and Machine Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319904035
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Human and Machine Learning by Summary

With an evolutionary advancement of Machine Learning (ML) algorithms, a rapid increase of data volumes and a significant improvement of computation powers, machine learning becomes hot in different applications. However, because of the nature of “black-box” in ML methods, ML still needs to be interpreted to link human and machine learning for transparency and user acceptance of delivered solutions. This edited book addresses such links from the perspectives of visualisation, explanation, trustworthiness and transparency. The book establishes the link between human and machine learning by exploring transparency in machine learning, visual explanation of ML processes, algorithmic explanation of ML models, human cognitive responses in ML-based decision making, human evaluation of machine learning and domain knowledge in transparent ML applications. This is the first book of its kind to systematically understand the current active research activities and outcomes related to human and machine learning. The book will not only inspire researchers to passionately develop new algorithms incorporating human for human-centred ML algorithms, resulting in the overall advancement of ML, but also help ML practitioners proactively use ML outputs for informative and trustworthy decision making. This book is intended for researchers and practitioners involved with machine learning and its applications. The book will especially benefit researchers in areas like artificial intelligence, decision support systems and human-computer interaction.

Human + Machine

Human + Machine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul R. Daugherty,H. James Wilson
Editor: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1633693872
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Human + Machine by Paul R. Daugherty,H. James Wilson Summary

AI is radically transforming business. Are you ready? Look around you. Artificial intelligence is no longer just a futuristic notion. It's here right now--in software that senses what we need, supply chains that "think" in real time, and robots that respond to changes in their environment. Twenty-first-century pioneer companies are already using AI to innovate and grow fast. The bottom line is this: Businesses that understand how to harness AI can surge ahead. Those that neglect it will fall behind. Which side are you on? In Human + Machine, Accenture leaders Paul R. Daugherty and H. James (Jim) Wilson show that the essence of the AI paradigm shift is the transformation of all business processes within an organization--whether related to breakthrough innovation, everyday customer service, or personal productivity habits. As humans and smart machines collaborate ever more closely, work processes become more fluid and adaptive, enabling companies to change them on the fly--or to completely reimagine them. AI is changing all the rules of how companies operate. Based on the authors' experience and research with 1,500 organizations, the book reveals how companies are using the new rules of AI to leap ahead on innovation and profitability, as well as what you can do to achieve similar results. It describes six entirely new types of hybrid human + machine roles that every company must develop, and it includes a "leader’s guide" with the five crucial principles required to become an AI-fueled business. Human + Machine provides the missing and much-needed management playbook for success in our new age of AI. BOOK PROCEEDS FOR THE AI GENERATION The authors' goal in publishing Human + Machine is to help executives, workers, students and others navigate the changes that AI is making to business and the economy. They believe AI will bring innovations that truly improve the way the world works and lives. However, AI will cause disruption, and many people will need education, training and support to prepare for the newly created jobs. To support this need, the authors are donating the royalties received from the sale of this book to fund education and retraining programs focused on developing fusion skills for the age of artificial intelligence.

Human-Like Machine Intelligence

Human-Like Machine Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stephen Muggleton,Nicholas Chater
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192607464
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Human-Like Machine Intelligence by Stephen Muggleton,Nicholas Chater Summary

In recent years there has been increasing excitement concerning the potential of Artificial Intelligence to transform human society. This book addresses the leading edge of research in this area. The research described aims to address present incompatibilities of Human and Machine reasoning and learning approaches. According to the influential US funding agency DARPA (originator of the Internet and Self-Driving Cars) this new area represents the Third Wave of Artificial Intelligence (3AI, 2020s-2030s), and is being actively investigated in the US, Europe and China. The chapters of this book have been authored by a mixture of UK and other international specialists. Some of the key questions addressed by the Human-Like Computing programme include how AI systems might 1) explain their decisions effectively, 2) interact with human beings in natural language, 3) learn from small numbers of examples and 4) learn with minimal supervision. Solving such fundamental problems involves new foundational research in both the Psychology of perception and interaction as well as the development of novel algorithmic approaches in Artificial Intelligence.

The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values

The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Christian
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 039363583X
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The Alignment Problem: Machine Learning and Human Values by Brian Christian Summary

A jaw-dropping exploration of everything that goes wrong when we build AI systems and the movement to fix them. Today’s “machine-learning” systems, trained by data, are so effective that we’ve invited them to see and hear for us—and to make decisions on our behalf. But alarm bells are ringing. Recent years have seen an eruption of concern as the field of machine learning advances. When the systems we attempt to teach will not, in the end, do what we want or what we expect, ethical and potentially existential risks emerge. Researchers call this the alignment problem. Systems cull résumés until, years later, we discover that they have inherent gender biases. Algorithms decide bail and parole—and appear to assess Black and White defendants differently. We can no longer assume that our mortgage application, or even our medical tests, will be seen by human eyes. And as autonomous vehicles share our streets, we are increasingly putting our lives in their hands. The mathematical and computational models driving these changes range in complexity from something that can fit on a spreadsheet to a complex system that might credibly be called “artificial intelligence.” They are steadily replacing both human judgment and explicitly programmed software. In best-selling author Brian Christian’s riveting account, we meet the alignment problem’s “first-responders,” and learn their ambitious plan to solve it before our hands are completely off the wheel. In a masterful blend of history and on-the ground reporting, Christian traces the explosive growth in the field of machine learning and surveys its current, sprawling frontier. Readers encounter a discipline finding its legs amid exhilarating and sometimes terrifying progress. Whether they—and we—succeed or fail in solving the alignment problem will be a defining human story. The Alignment Problem offers an unflinching reckoning with humanity’s biases and blind spots, our own unstated assumptions and often contradictory goals. A dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, it takes a hard look not only at our technology but at our culture—and finds a story by turns harrowing and hopeful.

Augmented Intelligence

Augmented Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Judith Hurwitz,Henry Morris,Candace Sidner,Daniel Kirsch
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429591659
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Augmented Intelligence by Judith Hurwitz,Henry Morris,Candace Sidner,Daniel Kirsch Summary

The AI revolution is moving at a breakneck speed. Organizations are beginning to invest in innovative ways to monetize their data through the use of artificial intelligence. Businesses need to understand the reality of AI. To be successful, it is imperative that organizations understand that augmented intelligence is the secret to success. Augmented Intelligence: The Business Power of Human–Machine Collaboration is about the process of combining human and machine intelligence. This book provides business leaders and AI data experts with an understanding of the value of augmented intelligence and its ability to help win competitive markets. This book focuses on the requirement to clearly manage the foundational data used for augmented intelligence. It focuses on the risks of improper data use and delves into the ethics and governance of data in the era of augmented intelligence. In this book, we explore the difference between weak augmentation that is based on automating well understood processes and strong augmentation that is designed to rethink business processes through the inclusion of data, AI and machine learning. What experts are saying about Augmented Intelligence "The book you are about to read is of great importance because we increasingly rely on machine learning and AI. Therefore, it is critical that we understand the ability to create an environment in which businesses can have the tools to understand data from a holistic perspective. What is imperative is to be able to make better decisions based on an understanding of the behavior and thinking of our customers so that we can take the best next action. This book provides a clear understanding of the impact of augmented intelligence on both society and business."—Tsvi Gal, Managing Director, Enterprise Technology and Services, Morgan Stanley "Our mission has always been to help clients apply AI to better predict and shape future outcomes, empower higher value work, and automate how work gets done. I have always said, ’AI will not replace managers, but managers who use AI will replace managers who don't.’ This book delves into the real value that AI promises, to augment existing human intelligence, and in the process, dispels some of the myths around AI and its intended purpose."—Rob Thomas, General Manager, Data and AI, IBM

A Human's Guide to Machine Intelligence

A Human's Guide to Machine Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kartik Hosanagar
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0525560890
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A Human's Guide to Machine Intelligence by Kartik Hosanagar Summary

A Wharton professor and tech entrepreneur examines how algorithms and artificial intelligence are starting to run every aspect of our lives, and how we can shape the way they impact us Through the technology embedded in almost every major tech platform and every web-enabled device, algorithms and the artificial intelligence that underlies them make a staggering number of everyday decisions for us, from what products we buy, to where we decide to eat, to how we consume our news, to whom we date, and how we find a job. We've even delegated life-and-death decisions to algorithms--decisions once made by doctors, pilots, and judges. In his new book, Kartik Hosanagar surveys the brave new world of algorithmic decision-making and reveals the potentially dangerous biases they can give rise to as they increasingly run our lives. He makes the compelling case that we need to arm ourselves with a better, deeper, more nuanced understanding of the phenomenon of algorithmic thinking. And he gives us a route in, pointing out that algorithms often think a lot like their creators--that is, like you and me. Hosanagar draws on his experiences designing algorithms professionally--as well as on history, computer science, and psychology--to explore how algorithms work and why they occasionally go rogue, what drives our trust in them, and the many ramifications of algorithmic decision-making. He examines episodes like Microsoft's chatbot Tay, which was designed to converse on social media like a teenage girl, but instead turned sexist and racist; the fatal accidents of self-driving cars; and even our own common, and often frustrating, experiences on services like Netflix and Amazon. A Human's Guide to Machine Intelligence is an entertaining and provocative look at one of the most important developments of our time and a practical user's guide to this first wave of practical artificial intelligence.

Human and Machine Problem Solving

Human and Machine Problem Solving Pdf/ePub eBook Author: K.J. Gilhooly
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468480154
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Human and Machine Problem Solving by K.J. Gilhooly Summary

Problem solving is a central topic for both cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence (AI). Psychology seeks to analyze naturally occur ring problem solving into hypothetical processes, while AI seeks to synthesize problem-solving performance from well-defined processes. Psychology may suggest possible processes to AI and, in turn, AI may suggest plausible hypotheses to psychology. It should be useful for both sides to have some idea of the other's contribution-hence this book, which brings together overviews of psychological and AI re search in major areas of problem solving. At a more general level, this book is intended to be a contribution toward comparative cognitive science. Cognitive science is the study of intelligent systems, whether natural or artificial, and treats both organ isms and computers as types of information-processing systems. Clearly, humans and typical current computers have rather different functional or cognitive architectures. Thus, insights into the role of cognitive ar chitecture in performance may be gained by comparing typical human problem solving with efficient machine problem solving over a range of tasks. Readers may notice that there is little mention of connectionist ap proaches in this volume. This is because, at the time of writing, such approaches have had little or no impact on research at the problem solving level. Should a similar volume be produced in ten years or so, of course, a very different story may need to be told.

Human and Machine Consciousness

Human and Machine Consciousness Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Gamez
Editor: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783743018
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Human and Machine Consciousness by David Gamez Summary

Consciousness is widely perceived as one of the most fundamental, interesting and difficult problems of our time. However, we still know next to nothing about the relationship between consciousness and the brain and we can only speculate about the consciousness of animals and machines. Human and Machine Consciousness presents a new foundation for the scientific study of consciousness. It sets out a bold interpretation of consciousness that neutralizes the philosophical problems and explains how we can make scientific predictions about the consciousness of animals, brain-damaged patients and machines. Gamez interprets the scientific study of consciousness as a search for mathematical theories that map between measurements of consciousness and measurements of the physical world. We can use artificial intelligence to discover these theories and they could make accurate predictions about the consciousness of humans, animals and artificial systems. Human and Machine Consciousness also provides original insights into unusual conscious experiences, such as hallucinations, religious experiences and out-of-body states, and demonstrates how ‘designer’ states of consciousness could be created in the future. Gamez explains difficult concepts in a clear way that closely engages with scientific research. His punchy, concise prose is packed with vivid examples, making it suitable for the educated general reader as well as philosophers and scientists. Problems are brought to life in colourful illustrations and a helpful summary is given at the end of each chapter. The endnotes provide detailed discussions of individual points and full references to the scientific and philosophical literature.

Human-Centered AI

Human-Centered AI Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ben Shneiderman
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192660004
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Human-Centered AI by Ben Shneiderman Summary

The remarkable progress in algorithms for machine and deep learning have opened the doors to new opportunities, and some dark possibilities. However, a bright future awaits those who build on their working methods by including HCAI strategies of design and testing. As many technology companies and thought leaders have argued, the goal is not to replace people, but to empower them by making design choices that give humans control over technology. In Human-Centered AI, Professor Ben Shneiderman offers an optimistic realist's guide to how artificial intelligence can be used to augment and enhance humans' lives. This project bridges the gap between ethical considerations and practical realities to offer a road map for successful, reliable systems. Digital cameras, communications services, and navigation apps are just the beginning. Shneiderman shows how future applications will support health and wellness, improve education, accelerate business, and connect people in reliable, safe, and trustworthy ways that respect human values, rights, justice, and dignity.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Digital Pathology

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Digital Pathology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Andreas Holzinger,Randy Goebel,Michael Mengel,Heimo Müller
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030504026
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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning for Digital Pathology by Andreas Holzinger,Randy Goebel,Michael Mengel,Heimo Müller Summary

Data driven Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in digital pathology, radiology, and dermatology is very promising. In specific cases, for example, Deep Learning (DL), even exceeding human performance. However, in the context of medicine it is important for a human expert to verify the outcome. Consequently, there is a need for transparency and re-traceability of state-of-the-art solutions to make them usable for ethical responsible medical decision support. Moreover, big data is required for training, covering a wide spectrum of a variety of human diseases in different organ systems. These data sets must meet top-quality and regulatory criteria and must be well annotated for ML at patient-, sample-, and image-level. Here biobanks play a central and future role in providing large collections of high-quality, well-annotated samples and data. The main challenges are finding biobanks containing ‘‘fit-for-purpose’’ samples, providing quality related meta-data, gaining access to standardized medical data and annotations, and mass scanning of whole slides including efficient data management solutions.

A Human Algorithm

A Human Algorithm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Flynn Coleman
Editor: Catapult
ISBN: 1640092374
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A Human Algorithm by Flynn Coleman Summary

A groundbreaking narrative on the urgency of ethically designed AI and a guidebook to reimagining life in the era of intelligent technology. The Age of Intelligent Machines is upon us, and we are at a reflection point. The proliferation of fast–moving technologies, including forms of artificial intelligence akin to a new species, will cause us to confront profound questions about ourselves. The era of human intellectual superiority is ending, and we need to plan for this monumental shift. A Human Algorithm: How Artificial Intelligence Is Redefining Who We Are examines the immense impact intelligent technology will have on humanity. These machines, while challenging our personal beliefs and our socioeconomic world order, also have the potential to transform our health and well–being, alleviate poverty and suffering, and reveal the mysteries of intelligence and consciousness. International human rights attorney Flynn Coleman deftly argues that it is critical that we instill values, ethics, and morals into our robots, algorithms, and other forms of AI. Equally important, we need to develop and implement laws, policies, and oversight mechanisms to protect us from tech’s insidious threats. To realize AI’s transcendent potential, Coleman advocates for inviting a diverse group of voices to participate in designing our intelligent machines and using our moral imagination to ensure that human rights, empathy, and equity are core principles of emerging technologies. Ultimately, A Human Algorithm is a clarion call for building a more humane future and moving conscientiously into a new frontier of our own design. “[Coleman] argues that the algorithms of machine learning––if they are instilled with human ethics and values––could bring about a new era of enlightenment.” —San Francisco Chronicle

The Singularity Is Near

The Singularity Is Near Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ray Kurzweil
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101218886
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The Singularity Is Near by Ray Kurzweil Summary

“Startling in scope and bravado.” —Janet Maslin, The New York Times “Artfully envisions a breathtakingly better world.” —Los Angeles Times “Elaborate, smart and persuasive.” —The Boston Globe “A pleasure to read.” —The Wall Street Journal One of CBS News’s Best Fall Books of 2005 • Among St Louis Post-Dispatch’s Best Nonfiction Books of 2005 • One of’s Best Science Books of 2005 A radical and optimistic view of the future course of human development from the bestselling author of How to Create a Mind and The Singularity is Nearer who Bill Gates calls “the best person I know at predicting the future of artificial intelligence” For over three decades, Ray Kurzweil has been one of the most respected and provocative advocates of the role of technology in our future. In his classic The Age of Spiritual Machines, he argued that computers would soon rival the full range of human intelligence at its best. Now he examines the next step in this inexorable evolutionary process: the union of human and machine, in which the knowledge and skills embedded in our brains will be combined with the vastly greater capacity, speed, and knowledge-sharing ability of our creations.

Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning in Pathology

Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning in Pathology Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stanley Cohen
Editor: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323675379
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Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning in Pathology by Stanley Cohen Summary

Recent advances in computational algorithms, along with the advent of whole slide imaging as a platform for embedding artificial intelligence (AI), are transforming pattern recognition and image interpretation for diagnosis and prognosis. Yet most pathologists have just a passing knowledge of data mining, machine learning, and AI, and little exposure to the vast potential of these powerful new tools for medicine in general and pathology in particular. In Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning in Pathology, Dr. Stanley Cohen covers the nuts and bolts of all aspects of machine learning, up to and including AI, bringing familiarity and understanding to pathologists at all levels of experience. Focuses heavily on applications in medicine, especially pathology, making unfamiliar material accessible and avoiding complex mathematics whenever possible. Covers digital pathology as a platform for primary diagnosis and augmentation via deep learning, whole slide imaging for 2D and 3D analysis, and general principles of image analysis and deep learning. Discusses and explains recent accomplishments such as algorithms used to diagnose skin cancer from photographs, AI-based platforms developed to identify lesions of the retina, using computer vision to interpret electrocardiograms, identifying mitoses in cancer using learning algorithms vs. signal processing algorithms, and many more.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christina Ahmet
Editor: Shockwave Publishing via PublishDrive
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Artificial Intelligence by Christina Ahmet Summary

Currently, Artificial Intelligence (AI) lives amongst the human population. They reside in smartphones. They help people find content on the internet. They learn the behavior of their owners and put out relevant, interesting content to enhance their owner's experience while they are browsing on the internet. In this book you will learn all about Artificial Intelligence and how it will affect your life in the near future. Learn exactly what Artificial Intelligence is Machine Learning AI and The Internet Of Things Opportunities for Artificial Intelligence Intelligent IoT and much much more!

Human Compatible

Human Compatible Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stuart Russell
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0525558624
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Human Compatible by Stuart Russell Summary

"The most important book on AI this year." --The Guardian "Mr. Russell's exciting book goes deep, while sparkling with dry witticisms." --The Wall Street Journal "The most important book I have read in quite some time" (Daniel Kahneman); "A must-read" (Max Tegmark); "The book we've all been waiting for" (Sam Harris) A leading artificial intelligence researcher lays out a new approach to AI that will enable us to coexist successfully with increasingly intelligent machines In the popular imagination, superhuman artificial intelligence is an approaching tidal wave that threatens not just jobs and human relationships, but civilization itself. Conflict between humans and machines is seen as inevitable and its outcome all too predictable. In this groundbreaking book, distinguished AI researcher Stuart Russell argues that this scenario can be avoided, but only if we rethink AI from the ground up. Russell begins by exploring the idea of intelligence in humans and in machines. He describes the near-term benefits we can expect, from intelligent personal assistants to vastly accelerated scientific research, and outlines the AI breakthroughs that still have to happen before we reach superhuman AI. He also spells out the ways humans are already finding to misuse AI, from lethal autonomous weapons to viral sabotage. If the predicted breakthroughs occur and superhuman AI emerges, we will have created entities far more powerful than ourselves. How can we ensure they never, ever, have power over us? Russell suggests that we can rebuild AI on a new foundation, according to which machines are designed to be inherently uncertain about the human preferences they are required to satisfy. Such machines would be humble, altruistic, and committed to pursue our objectives, not theirs. This new foundation would allow us to create machines that are provably deferential and provably beneficial.

Analytics of Life

Analytics of Life Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mert Damlapinar
Editor: NLITX
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Analytics of Life by Mert Damlapinar Summary

Analytics of Life provides the reader with a broad overview of the field of data analytics and artificial intelligence. It provides the layperson an understanding of the various stages of artificial intelligence, the risks and powerful benefits. And it provides a way to look at big data and machine learning that enables us to make the most of this exciting new realm of technology in our day-to-day jobs and our small businesses. Questions you can find answers* * What is artificial intelligence (AI)? * What is the difference between AI, machine learning and data analytics? * Which jobs AI will replace, which jobs are safe from data analytics revolution? * Why data analytics is the best career move? * How can I apply data analytics in my job or small business? Who is this book for? * Managers and business professionals * Marketers, product managers, and business strategists * Entrepreneurs, founders and startups team members * Consultants, advisors and educators * Almost anybody who has an interest in the future According to an article by Cade Metz in The New York Times, "Researchers say computer systems are learning from lots and lots of digitized books and news articles that could bake old attitudes into new technology." Oxford University professor Nick Bostrom argues that if machine brains surpassed human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become extremely powerful - possibly beyond our control. MIT professor Max Tegmark describes and illuminates the recent, ground-breaking advances in Artificial Intelligence and how it might overtake human intelligence. As Oxford University economist Daniel Susskind points out, technological progress could bring about unprecedented prosperity, solving one of humanity's oldest problems: how to make sure that everyone has enough to live on. Distinguished AI researcher and professor of computer science at UC Berkeley, Russell Stuart suggests that we can rebuild AI on a new foundation, according to which machines are designed to be inherently uncertain about the human preferences they are required to satisfy. Industry experts claim that AI will have a negative impact on blue-collar jobs, but Mert predicts that Americans and Europeans will experience a strong impact on white-collar jobs as well. And Mert also provides research results and a clear description of which jobs will be affected and how soon, which jobs could be enhanced with AI. Analytics of Life also provides solutions and insight into some of the most profound changes to come in human history.


Superminds Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas W. Malone
Editor: Little, Brown
ISBN: 0316349100
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Superminds by Thomas W. Malone Summary

From the founding director of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence comes a fascinating look at the remarkable capacity for intelligence exhibited by groups of people and computers working together. If you're like most people, you probably believe that humans are the most intelligent animals on our planet. But there's another kind of entity that can be far smarter: groups of people. In this groundbreaking book, Thomas Malone, the founding director of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence, shows how groups of people working together in superminds -- like hierarchies, markets, democracies, and communities -- have been responsible for almost all human achievements in business, government, science, and beyond. And these collectively intelligent human groups are about to get much smarter. Using dozens of striking examples and case studies, Malone shows how computers can help create more intelligent superminds simply by connecting humans to one another in a variety of rich, new ways. And although it will probably happen more gradually than many people expect, artificially intelligent computers will amplify the power of these superminds by doing increasingly complex kinds of thinking. Together, these changes will have far-reaching implications for everything from the way we buy groceries and plan business strategies to how we respond to climate change, and even for democracy itself. By understanding how these collectively intelligent groups work, we can learn how to harness their genius to achieve our human goals. Drawing on cutting-edge science and insights from a remarkable range of disciplines, Superminds articulates a bold -- and utterly fascinating -- picture of the future that will change the ways you work and live, both with other people and with computers.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Melanie Mitchell
Editor: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 0374715238
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Artificial Intelligence by Melanie Mitchell Summary

Melanie Mitchell separates science fact from science fiction in this sweeping examination of the current state of AI and how it is remaking our world No recent scientific enterprise has proved as alluring, terrifying, and filled with extravagant promise and frustrating setbacks as artificial intelligence. The award-winning author Melanie Mitchell, a leading computer scientist, now reveals AI’s turbulent history and the recent spate of apparent successes, grand hopes, and emerging fears surrounding it. In Artificial Intelligence, Mitchell turns to the most urgent questions concerning AI today: How intelligent—really—are the best AI programs? How do they work? What can they actually do, and when do they fail? How humanlike do we expect them to become, and how soon do we need to worry about them surpassing us? Along the way, she introduces the dominant models of modern AI and machine learning, describing cutting-edge AI programs, their human inventors, and the historical lines of thought underpinning recent achievements. She meets with fellow experts such as Douglas Hofstadter, the cognitive scientist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author of the modern classic Gödel, Escher, Bach, who explains why he is “terrified” about the future of AI. She explores the profound disconnect between the hype and the actual achievements in AI, providing a clear sense of what the field has accomplished and how much further it has to go. Interweaving stories about the science of AI and the people behind it, Artificial Intelligence brims with clear-sighted, captivating, and accessible accounts of the most interesting and provocative modern work in the field, flavored with Mitchell’s humor and personal observations. This frank, lively book is an indispensable guide to understanding today’s AI, its quest for “human-level” intelligence, and its impact on the future for us all.

Human and Machine Perception 3

Human and Machine Perception 3 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Virginio Cantoni,Vito di Gesù,Alessandra Setti,Domenico Tegolo
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461513618
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Human and Machine Perception 3 by Virginio Cantoni,Vito di Gesù,Alessandra Setti,Domenico Tegolo Summary

The following are the proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Human and Machine Perception held in Palermo, Italy, on June 20 -23, 2000, under the auspices of three Institutions: the Cybernetic and Biophysics Group (GNCB) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and the two Inter-Department Centers of Cognitive Sciences of Palermo and Pavia University respectively. A broad spectrum of topics are covered in this series, ranging from computer perception to psychology and physiology of perception. The theme of this workshop on Human and Machine Perception was focused on Thinking, Deciding, and Acting. As in the past editions the final goal has been the analysis and the comparison of biological and artificial solutions. The focus of the lectures has been on presenting the state-of-the-art and outlining open questions. In particular, they sought to stress links, suggesting possible synergies between the different cultural areas. The panel discussion has been conceived as a forum for an open debate, briefly introduced by each panelist, and mainly aimed at deeper investigation of the different approaches to perception and strictly related topics. The panelists were asked to prepare a few statements on hot-points as a guide for discussion. These statements were delivered to the participants together with the final program, for a more qualified discussion.

The Age of Spiritual Machines

The Age of Spiritual Machines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ray Kurzweil
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1101077883
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The Age of Spiritual Machines by Ray Kurzweil Summary

Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century--an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the way we live. Kurzweil's prophetic blueprint for the future takes us through the advances that inexorably result in computers exceeding the memory capacity and computational ability of the human brain by the year 2020 (with human-level capabilities not far behind); in relationships with automated personalities who will be our teachers, companions, and lovers; and in information fed straight into our brains along direct neural pathways. Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century.

The Deep Learning Revolution

The Deep Learning Revolution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Terrence J. Sejnowski
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262346834
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The Deep Learning Revolution by Terrence J. Sejnowski Summary

How deep learning—from Google Translate to driverless cars to personal cognitive assistants—is changing our lives and transforming every sector of the economy. The deep learning revolution has brought us driverless cars, the greatly improved Google Translate, fluent conversations with Siri and Alexa, and enormous profits from automated trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Deep learning networks can play poker better than professional poker players and defeat a world champion at Go. In this book, Terry Sejnowski explains how deep learning went from being an arcane academic field to a disruptive technology in the information economy. Sejnowski played an important role in the founding of deep learning, as one of a small group of researchers in the 1980s who challenged the prevailing logic-and-symbol based version of AI. The new version of AI Sejnowski and others developed, which became deep learning, is fueled instead by data. Deep networks learn from data in the same way that babies experience the world, starting with fresh eyes and gradually acquiring the skills needed to navigate novel environments. Learning algorithms extract information from raw data; information can be used to create knowledge; knowledge underlies understanding; understanding leads to wisdom. Someday a driverless car will know the road better than you do and drive with more skill; a deep learning network will diagnose your illness; a personal cognitive assistant will augment your puny human brain. It took nature many millions of years to evolve human intelligence; AI is on a trajectory measured in decades. Sejnowski prepares us for a deep learning future.

Machine Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications

Machine Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1609608194
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Machine Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications by Management Association, Information Resources Summary

"This reference offers a wide-ranging selection of key research in a complex field of study,discussing topics ranging from using machine learning to improve the effectiveness of agents and multi-agent systems to developing machine learning software for high frequency trading in financial markets"--Provided by publishe

Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning

Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert (Munro) Monarch
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1638351031
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Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning by Robert (Munro) Monarch Summary

Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning lays out methods for humans and machines to work together effectively. Summary Most machine learning systems that are deployed in the world today learn from human feedback. However, most machine learning courses focus almost exclusively on the algorithms, not the human-computer interaction part of the systems. This can leave a big knowledge gap for data scientists working in real-world machine learning, where data scientists spend more time on data management than on building algorithms. Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning is a practical guide to optimizing the entire machine learning process, including techniques for annotation, active learning, transfer learning, and using machine learning to optimize every step of the process. Purchase of the print book includes a free eBook in PDF, Kindle, and ePub formats from Manning Publications. About the technology Machine learning applications perform better with human feedback. Keeping the right people in the loop improves the accuracy of models, reduces errors in data, lowers costs, and helps you ship models faster. About the book Human-in-the-Loop Machine Learning lays out methods for humans and machines to work together effectively. You’ll find best practices on selecting sample data for human feedback, quality control for human annotations, and designing annotation interfaces. You’ll learn to create training data for labeling, object detection, and semantic segmentation, sequence labeling, and more. The book starts with the basics and progresses to advanced techniques like transfer learning and self-supervision within annotation workflows. What's inside Identifying the right training and evaluation data Finding and managing people to annotate data Selecting annotation quality control strategies Designing interfaces to improve accuracy and efficiency About the author Robert (Munro) Monarch is a data scientist and engineer who has built machine learning data for companies such as Apple, Amazon, Google, and IBM. He holds a PhD from Stanford. Robert holds a PhD from Stanford focused on Human-in-the-Loop machine learning for healthcare and disaster response, and is a disaster response professional in addition to being a machine learning professional. A worked example throughout this text is classifying disaster-related messages from real disasters that Robert has helped respond to in the past. Table of Contents PART 1 - FIRST STEPS 1 Introduction to human-in-the-loop machine learning 2 Getting started with human-in-the-loop machine learning PART 2 - ACTIVE LEARNING 3 Uncertainty sampling 4 Diversity sampling 5 Advanced active learning 6 Applying active learning to different machine learning tasks PART 3 - ANNOTATION 7 Working with the people annotating your data 8 Quality control for data annotation 9 Advanced data annotation and augmentation 10 Annotation quality for different machine learning tasks PART 4 - HUMAN–COMPUTER INTERACTION FOR MACHINE LEARNING 11 Interfaces for data annotation 12 Human-in-the-loop machine learning products

Humanity Driven AI

Humanity Driven AI Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Fang Chen,Jianlong Zhou
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030721884
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Humanity Driven AI by Fang Chen,Jianlong Zhou Summary

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing the world around us, and it is changing the way people are living, working, and entertaining. As a result, demands for understanding how AI functions to achieve and enhance human goals from basic needs to high level well-being (whilst maintaining human health) are increasing. This edited book systematically investigates how AI facilitates enhancing human needs in the digital age, and reports on the state-of-the-art advances in theories, techniques, and applications of humanity driven AI. Consisting of five parts, it covers the fundamentals of AI and humanity, AI for productivity, AI for well-being, AI for sustainability, and human-AI partnership. Humanity Driven AI creates an important opportunity to not only promote AI techniques from a humanity perspective, but also to invent novel AI applications to benefit humanity. It aims to serve as the dedicated source for the theories, methodologies, and applications on humanity driven AI, establishing state-of-the-art research, and providing a ground-breaking book for graduate students, research professionals, and AI practitioners.

Deep Learning

Deep Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ian Goodfellow,Yoshua Bengio,Aaron Courville
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262337371
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Deep Learning by Ian Goodfellow,Yoshua Bengio,Aaron Courville Summary

An introduction to a broad range of topics in deep learning, covering mathematical and conceptual background, deep learning techniques used in industry, and research perspectives. “Written by three experts in the field, Deep Learning is the only comprehensive book on the subject.” —Elon Musk, cochair of OpenAI; cofounder and CEO of Tesla and SpaceX Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of topics in deep learning. The text offers mathematical and conceptual background, covering relevant concepts in linear algebra, probability theory and information theory, numerical computation, and machine learning. It describes deep learning techniques used by practitioners in industry, including deep feedforward networks, regularization, optimization algorithms, convolutional networks, sequence modeling, and practical methodology; and it surveys such applications as natural language processing, speech recognition, computer vision, online recommendation systems, bioinformatics, and videogames. Finally, the book offers research perspectives, covering such theoretical topics as linear factor models, autoencoders, representation learning, structured probabilistic models, Monte Carlo methods, the partition function, approximate inference, and deep generative models. Deep Learning can be used by undergraduate or graduate students planning careers in either industry or research, and by software engineers who want to begin using deep learning in their products or platforms. A website offers supplementary material for both readers and instructors.

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science Technologies

Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science Technologies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Neeraj Mohan,Ruchi Singla,Priyanka Kaushal,Seifedine Kadry
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000460541
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Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science Technologies by Neeraj Mohan,Ruchi Singla,Priyanka Kaushal,Seifedine Kadry Summary

This book provides a comprehensive, conceptual, and detailed overview of the wide range of applications of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science and how these technologies have an impact on various domains such as healthcare, business, industry, security, and how all countries around the world are feeling this impact. The book aims at low-cost solutions which could be implemented even in developing countries. It highlights the significant impact these technologies have on various industries and on us as humans. It provides a virtual picture of forthcoming better human life shadowed by the new technologies and their applications and discusses the impact Data Science has on business applications. The book will also include an overview of the different AI applications and their correlation between each other. The audience is graduate and postgraduate students, researchers, academicians, institutions, and professionals who are interested in exploring key technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Data Science.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Fundamentals

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Fundamentals Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Zsolt Nagy
Editor: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1789809207
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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Fundamentals by Zsolt Nagy Summary

Create AI applications in Python and lay the foundations for your career in data science Key FeaturesPractical examples that explain key machine learning algorithmsExplore neural networks in detail with interesting examplesMaster core AI concepts with engaging activitiesBook Description Machine learning and neural networks are pillars on which you can build intelligent applications. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Fundamentals begins by introducing you to Python and discussing AI search algorithms. You will cover in-depth mathematical topics, such as regression and classification, illustrated by Python examples. As you make your way through the book, you will progress to advanced AI techniques and concepts, and work on real-life datasets to form decision trees and clusters. You will be introduced to neural networks, a powerful tool based on Moore's law. By the end of this book, you will be confident when it comes to building your own AI applications with your newly acquired skills! What you will learnUnderstand the importance, principles, and fields of AIImplement basic artificial intelligence concepts with PythonApply regression and classification concepts to real-world problemsPerform predictive analysis using decision trees and random forestsCarry out clustering using the k-means and mean shift algorithmsUnderstand the fundamentals of deep learning via practical examplesWho this book is for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Fundamentals is for software developers and data scientists who want to enrich their projects with machine learning. You do not need any prior experience in AI. However, it’s recommended that you have knowledge of high school-level mathematics and at least one programming language (preferably Python).

How Humans Judge Machines

How Humans Judge Machines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Cesar A. Hidalgo,Diana Orghiain,Jordi Albo Canals,Filipa De Almeida,Natalia Martin
Editor: MIT Press
ISBN: 026236252X
FileSize: 1929kb
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How Humans Judge Machines by Cesar A. Hidalgo,Diana Orghiain,Jordi Albo Canals,Filipa De Almeida,Natalia Martin Summary

How people judge humans and machines differently, in scenarios involving natural disasters, labor displacement, policing, privacy, algorithmic bias, and more. How would you feel about losing your job to a machine? How about a tsunami alert system that fails? Would you react differently to acts of discrimination depending on whether they were carried out by a machine or by a human? What about public surveillance? How Humans Judge Machines compares people's reactions to actions performed by humans and machines. Using data collected in dozens of experiments, this book reveals the biases that permeate human-machine interactions. Are there conditions in which we judge machines unfairly? Is our judgment of machines affected by the moral dimensions of a scenario? Is our judgment of machine correlated with demographic factors such as education or gender? César Hidalgo and colleagues use hard science to take on these pressing technological questions. Using randomized experiments, they create revealing counterfactuals and build statistical models to explain how people judge artificial intelligence and whether they do it fairly. Through original research, How Humans Judge Machines bring us one step closer tounderstanding the ethical consequences of AI.

The Atlas of AI

The Atlas of AI Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kate Crawford
Editor: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300252390
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The Atlas of AI by Kate Crawford Summary

The hidden costs of artificial intelligence, from natural resources and labor to privacy and freedom What happens when artificial intelligence saturates political life and depletes the planet? How is AI shaping our understanding of ourselves and our societies? In this book Kate Crawford reveals how this planetary network is fueling a shift toward undemocratic governance and increased inequality. Drawing on more than a decade of research, award-winning science, and technology, Crawford reveals how AI is a technology of extraction: from the energy and minerals needed to build and sustain its infrastructure, to the exploited workers behind “automated” services, to the data AI collects from us. Rather than taking a narrow focus on code and algorithms, Crawford offers us a political and a material perspective on what it takes to make artificial intelligence and where it goes wrong. While technical systems present a veneer of objectivity, they are always systems of power. This is an urgent account of what is at stake as technology companies use artificial intelligence to reshape the world.

Leadership by Algorithm

Leadership by Algorithm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David De Cremer
Editor: Harriman House Limited
ISBN: 0857198297
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Leadership by Algorithm by David De Cremer Summary

With artificial intelligence on the rise, the way we run our organisations will change—and drastically. But what exactly will that future look like? And who will take the leading role: machines or people? In this compelling new book, leading management guru David De Cremer identifies the key areas where algorithms will collide with human skills, and assesses the likely outcomes. Will your next boss be a robot? Can an AI boss display the human qualities that define a good leader: compassion, empathy, imagination, ethics, and strategic awareness? Drawing on his own research findings, and those from thought leaders around the world, the author presents fascinating insights into the challenges that an automated work environment poses for organisations of the future. Leadership by Algorithm offers some startling conclusions that make clear the true nature of the power struggle between man and machine. It also identifies the leadership qualities needed to deal with this struggle most effectively.

Machine Intelligence

Machine Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Suresh Samudrala
Editor: Notion Press
ISBN: 1684660831
FileSize: 364kb
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Machine Intelligence by Suresh Samudrala Summary

Artificial intelligence and machine learning are considered as hot technologies of this century. As these technologies move from research labs to enterprise data centers, the need for skilled professionals is continuously on the rise. This book is intended for IT and business professionals looking to gain proficiency in these technologies but are turned off by the complex mathematical equations. This book is also useful for students in the area of artificial intelligence and machine learning to gain a conceptual understanding of the algorithms and get an industry perspective. This book is an ideal place to start your journey as • Core concepts of machine learning algorithms are explained in plain English using illustrations, data tables and examples • Intuitive meaning of the mathematics behind popular machine learning algorithms explained • Covers classical machine learning, neural networks and deep learning algorithms At a time when the IT industry is focusing on reskilling its vast human resources, Machine intelligence is a very timely publication. It has a simple approach that builds up from basics, which would help software engineers and students looking to learn about the field as well as those who might have started off without the benefit of a structured introduction or sound basics. Highly recommended. - Siddhartha S, Founder and CEO of Intain - Financial technology startup Suresh has written a very accessible book for practitioners. The book has depth yet avoids excessive mathematics. The coverage of the subject is very good and has most of the concepts required for understanding machine learning if someone is looking for depth. For senior management, it will provide a good overview. It is well written. I highly recommend it. - Whee Teck ONG, CEO of Trusted Source and VP of Singapore Computer Society

Beyond Artificial Intelligence

Beyond Artificial Intelligence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jan Romportl,Eva Zackova,Jozef Kelemen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319096680
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Beyond Artificial Intelligence by Jan Romportl,Eva Zackova,Jozef Kelemen Summary

This book is an edited collection of chapters based on the papers presented at the conference “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams” held in Pilsen in November 2012. The aim of the conference was to question deep-rooted ideas of artificial intelligence and cast critical reflection on methods standing at its foundations. Artificial Dreams epitomize our controversial quest for non-biological intelligence and therefore the contributors of this book tried to fully exploit such a controversy in their respective chapters, which resulted in an interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from engineering, natural sciences and humanities. While pursuing the Artificial Dreams, it has become clear that it is still more and more difficult to draw a clear divide between human and machine. And therefore this book tries to portrait such an image of what lies beyond artificial intelligence: we can see the disappearing human-machine divide, a very important phenomenon of nowadays technological society, the phenomenon which is often uncritically praised, or hypocritically condemned. And so this phenomenon found its place in the subtitle of the whole volume as well as in the title of the chapter of Kevin Warwick, one of the keynote speakers at “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams”.

In AI We Trust

In AI We Trust Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Helga Nowotny
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509548823
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In AI We Trust by Helga Nowotny Summary

One of the most persistent concerns about the future is whether it will be dominated by the predictive algorithms of AI – and, if so, what this will mean for our behaviour, for our institutions and for what it means to be human. AI changes our experience of time and the future and challenges our identities, yet we are blinded by its efficiency and fail to understand how it affects us. At the heart of our trust in AI lies a paradox: we leverage AI to increase our control over the future and uncertainty, while at the same time the performativity of AI, the power it has to make us act in the ways it predicts, reduces our agency over the future. This happens when we forget that that we humans have created the digital technologies to which we attribute agency. These developments also challenge the narrative of progress, which played such a central role in modernity and is based on the hubris of total control. We are now moving into an era where this control is limited as AI monitors our actions, posing the threat of surveillance, but also offering the opportunity to reappropriate control and transform it into care. As we try to adjust to a world in which algorithms, robots and avatars play an ever-increasing role, we need to understand better the limitations of AI and how their predictions affect our agency, while at the same time having the courage to embrace the uncertainty of the future.

God, Human, Animal, Machine

God, Human, Animal, Machine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Meghan O'Gieblyn
Editor: Anchor
ISBN: 0385543832
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God, Human, Animal, Machine by Meghan O'Gieblyn Summary

A strikingly original exploration of what it might mean to be authentically human in the age of artificial intelligence, from the author of the critically-acclaimed Interior States. "Meghan O’Gieblyn is a brilliant and humble philosopher, and her book is an explosively thought-provoking, candidly personal ride I wished never to end ... This book is such an original synthesis of ideas and disclosures. It introduces what will soon be called the O’Gieblyn genre of essay writing.” —Heidi Julavits, author of The Folded Clock For most of human history the world was a magical and enchanted place ruled by forces beyond our understanding. The rise of science and Descartes's division of mind from world made materialism our ruling paradigm, in the process asking whether our own consciousness—i.e., souls—might be illusions. Now the inexorable rise of technology, with artificial intelligences that surpass our comprehension and control, and the spread of digital metaphors for self-understanding, the core questions of existence—identity, knowledge, the very nature and purpose of life itself—urgently require rethinking. Meghan O'Gieblyn tackles this challenge with philosophical rigor, intellectual reach, essayistic verve, refreshing originality, and an ironic sense of contradiction. She draws deeply and sometimes humorously from her own personal experience as a formerly religious believer still haunted by questions of faith, and she serves as the best possible guide to navigating the territory we are all entering.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mitra Baratchi,Lu Cao,Walter A. Kosters,Jefrey Lijffijt,Jan N. van Rijn,Frank W. Takes
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030766403
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Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning by Mitra Baratchi,Lu Cao,Walter A. Kosters,Jefrey Lijffijt,Jan N. van Rijn,Frank W. Takes Summary

This book contains a selection of the best papers of the 32nd Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, BNAIC/Benelearn 2020, held in Leiden, The Netherlands, in November 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held online. The 12 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 41 regular submissions. They address various aspects of artificial intelligence such as natural language processing, agent technology, game theory, problem solving, machine learning, human-agent interaction, AI and education, and data analysis. The chapter 11 is published open access under a CC BY license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License) Chapter “Gaining Insight into Determinants of Physical Activity Using Bayesian Network Learning” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via

Prediction Machines

Prediction Machines Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ajay Agrawal,Joshua Gans,Avi Goldfarb
Editor: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1633695689
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Prediction Machines by Ajay Agrawal,Joshua Gans,Avi Goldfarb Summary

"What does AI mean for your business? Read this book to find out." -- Hal Varian, Chief Economist, Google Artificial intelligence does the seemingly impossible, magically bringing machines to life--driving cars, trading stocks, and teaching children. But facing the sea change that AI will bring can be paralyzing. How should companies set strategies, governments design policies, and people plan their lives for a world so different from what we know? In the face of such uncertainty, many analysts either cower in fear or predict an impossibly sunny future. But in Prediction Machines, three eminent economists recast the rise of AI as a drop in the cost of prediction. With this single, masterful stroke, they lift the curtain on the AI-is-magic hype and show how basic tools from economics provide clarity about the AI revolution and a basis for action by CEOs, managers, policy makers, investors, and entrepreneurs. When AI is framed as cheap prediction, its extraordinary potential becomes clear: Prediction is at the heart of making decisions under uncertainty. Our businesses and personal lives are riddled with such decisions. Prediction tools increase productivity--operating machines, handling documents, communicating with customers. Uncertainty constrains strategy. Better prediction creates opportunities for new business structures and strategies to compete. Penetrating, fun, and always insightful and practical, Prediction Machines follows its inescapable logic to explain how to navigate the changes on the horizon. The impact of AI will be profound, but the economic framework for understanding it is surprisingly simple.

Modern Approaches in Machine Learning and Cognitive Science: A Walkthrough

Modern Approaches in Machine Learning and Cognitive Science: A Walkthrough Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Vinit Kumar Gunjan,Jacek M. Zurada
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030682919
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Modern Approaches in Machine Learning and Cognitive Science: A Walkthrough by Vinit Kumar Gunjan,Jacek M. Zurada Summary

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive overview of machine learning with cognitive science methods and technologies which have played an important role at the core of practical solutions for a wide scope of tasks between handheld apps, industrial process control, autonomous vehicles, environmental policies, life sciences, playing computer games, computational theory, and engineering development. The chapters in this book focus on readers interested in machine learning, cognitive and neuro-inspired computational systems – theories, mechanisms, and architecture, which underline human and animal behaviour, and their application to conscious and intelligent systems. In the current version, it focuses on the successful implementation and step-by-step explanation of practical applications of the domain. It also offers a wide range of inspiring and interesting cutting-edge contributions to applications of machine learning and cognitive science such as healthcare products, medical electronics, and gaming. Overall, this book provides valuable information on effective, cutting-edge techniques and approaches for students, researchers, practitioners, and academicians working in the field of AI, neural network, machine learning, and cognitive science. Furthermore, the purpose of this book is to address the interests of a broad spectrum of practitioners, students, and researchers, who are interested in applying machine learning and cognitive science methods in their respective domains.

The Technology Trap

The Technology Trap Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carl Benedikt Frey
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691191956
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The Technology Trap by Carl Benedikt Frey Summary

"Made me look at the industrial revolution, invention, sleeping beauties, contexts and the forces that shape our societies differently."—David Byrne, New York Times Book Review How the history of technological revolutions can help us better understand economic and political polarization in the age of automation From the Industrial Revolution to the age of artificial intelligence, The Technology Trap takes a sweeping look at the history of technological progress and how it has radically shifted the distribution of economic and political power among society’s members. As Carl Benedikt Frey shows, the Industrial Revolution created unprecedented wealth and prosperity over the long run, but the immediate consequences of mechanization were devastating for large swaths of the population. Middle-income jobs withered, wages stagnated, the labor share of income fell, profits surged, and economic inequality skyrocketed. These trends, Frey documents, broadly mirror those in our current age of automation, which began with the Computer Revolution. Just as the Industrial Revolution eventually brought about extraordinary benefits for society, artificial intelligence systems have the potential to do the same. But Frey argues that this depends on how the short term is managed. In the nineteenth century, workers violently expressed their concerns over machines taking their jobs. The Luddite uprisings joined a long wave of machinery riots that swept across Europe and China. Today’s despairing middle class has not resorted to physical force, but their frustration has led to rising populism and the increasing fragmentation of society. As middle-class jobs continue to come under pressure, there’s no assurance that positive attitudes to technology will persist. The Industrial Revolution was a defining moment in history, but few grasped its enormous consequences at the time. The Technology Trap demonstrates that in the midst of another technological revolution, the lessons of the past can help us to more effectively face the present.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ankur Choudhary,Arun Prakash Agrawal,Rajasvaran Logeswaran,Bhuvan Unhelkar
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811630674
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Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning by Ankur Choudhary,Arun Prakash Agrawal,Rajasvaran Logeswaran,Bhuvan Unhelkar Summary

The book presents a collection of peer-reviewed articles from the International Conference on Advances and Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning - ICAAAIML 2020. The book covers research in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and deep learning applications in healthcare, agriculture, business, and security. This volume contains research papers from academicians, researchers as well as students. There are also papers on core concepts of computer networks, intelligent system design and deployment, real-time systems, wireless sensor networks, sensors and sensor nodes, software engineering, and image processing. This book will be a valuable resource for students, academics, and practitioners in the industry working on AI applications.

Eat Like a Human

Eat Like a Human Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr. Bill Schindler
Editor: Little, Brown Spark
ISBN: 0316249505
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Eat Like a Human by Dr. Bill Schindler Summary

An archaeologist and chef explains how to follow our ancestors' lead when it comes to dietary choices and cooking techniques for optimum health and vitality. "Read this book!" (Mark Hyman, MD, author of Food) Our relationship with food is filled with confusion and insecurity. Vegan or carnivore? Vegetarian or gluten-free? Keto or Mediterranean? Fasting or Paleo? Every day we hear about a new ingredient that is good or bad, a new diet that promises everything. But the secret to becoming healthier, losing weight, living an energetic life, and healing the planet has nothing to do with counting calories or feeling deprived—the key is re‑learning how to eat like a human. This means finding food that is as nutrient-dense as possible, and preparing that food using methods that release those nutrients and make them bioavailable to our bodies, which is exactly what allowed our ancestors to not only live but thrive. In Eat Like a Human, archaeologist and chef Dr. Bill Schindler draws on cutting-edge science and a lifetime of research to explain how nutrient density and bioavailability are the cornerstones of a healthy diet. He shows readers how to live like modern “hunter-gatherers” by using the same strategies our ancestors used—as well as techniques still practiced by many cultures around the world—to make food as safe, nutritious, bioavailable, and delicious as possible. With each chapter dedicated to a specific food group, in‑depth explanations of different foods and cooking techniques, and concrete takeaways, as well as 75+ recipes, Eat Like a Human will permanently change the way you think about food, and help you live a happier, healthier, and more connected life.

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