Nineteen Eighty Four

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1984

1984 Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0547249640
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1984 by Summary

A PBS Great American Read Top 100 Pick With extraordinary relevance and renewed popularity, George Orwell’s 1984 takes on new life in this edition. “Orwell saw, to his credit, that the act of falsifying reality is only secondarily a way of changing perceptions. It is, above all, a way of asserting power.”—The New Yorker In 1984, London is a grim city in the totalitarian state of Oceania where Big Brother is always watching you and the Thought Police can practically read your mind. Winston Smith is a man in grave danger for the simple reason that his memory still functions. Drawn into a forbidden love affair, Winston finds the courage to join a secret revolutionary organization called The Brotherhood, dedicated to the destruction of the Party. Together with his beloved Julia, he hazards his life in a deadly match against the powers that be. Lionel Trilling said of Orwell’s masterpiece, “1984 is a profound, terrifying, and wholly fascinating book. It is a fantasy of the political future, and like any such fantasy, serves its author as a magnifying device for an examination of the present.” Though the year 1984 now exists in the past, Orwell’s novel remains an urgent call for the individual willing to speak truth to power.

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: McClelland & Stewart
ISBN: 1551998513
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Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) by George Orwell Summary

"Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." Hidden away in the Record Department of the sprawling Ministry of Truth, Winston Smith skilfully rewrites the past to suit the needs of the Party. Yet he inwardly rebels against the totalitarian world he lives in, which demands absolute obedience and controls him through the all-seeing telescreens and the watchful eye of Big Brother, symbolic head of the Party. In his longing for truth and liberty, Smith begins a secret love affair with a fellow-worker Julia, but soon discovers the true price of freedom is betrayal. George Orwell's dystopian masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four is perhaps the most pervasively influential book of the twentieth century.

Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Read Books Ltd
ISBN: 1528792076
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Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell Summary

First published in 1949, “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is a dystopian science fiction novel by English writer George Orwell. His ninth and last book, it centres on the year 1984 when Britain is part of a totalitarian state called Oceania ruled by “The Party”. The world is grasped by constant war and propaganda, surveillance, and historical negationism work together to control the population and keep them in the dark. When an illicit romantic relationship fills the protagonist Winston Smith with rebellious ideas, he begins to remember what life was like before the oppressive regime. Modelled on Stalinist Russia, the novel explores the position of the truth in politics and how it can be manipulated with allusions to real instances of totalitarian repression. Eric Arthur Blair (1903–1950), more commonly known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English journalist, essayist, critic, and novelist. His work is characterised by an opposition to totalitarianism and biting social commentary, and remains influential in popular culture today. Many of his neologisms have forever entered the English language, including "Thought Police", "Big Brother", "Room 101", "doublethink", "thoughtcrime", and "Newspeak" to name but a few. Other notable works by this author include: “Keep the Aspidistra Flying” (1936) and “Coming Up for Air” (1939). Read & Co. Classics is proudly publishing this seminal novel now in a new edition complete with the introductory essay "Why I Write".

On Nineteen Eighty-Four

On Nineteen Eighty-Four Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D.J. Taylor
Editor: Abrams
ISBN: 1683356845
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On Nineteen Eighty-Four by D.J. Taylor Summary

The essential backstory to the creation and meaning of one of the most important novels of the twentieth century—and now the twenty-first. Since its publication nearly seventy years ago, George Orwell’s 1984 has been regarded as one of the most influential novels of the modern age. Politicians have testified to its influence on their intellectual identities, rock musicians have made records about it, TV viewers watch a reality show named for it, and a White House spokesperson tells of “alternative facts.” The world we live in is often described as an Orwellian one, awash in inescapable surveillance and invasions of privacy. On Nineteen Eighty-Four dives deep into Orwell’s life to chart his earlier writings and key moments in his youth, such as his years at a boarding school, whose strict and charismatic headmaster shaped the idea of Big Brother. Taylor tells the story of the writing of the book, taking readers to the Scottish island of Jura, where Orwell, newly famous thanks to Animal Farm but coping with personal tragedy and rapidly declining health, struggled to finish 1984. Published during the cold war—a term Orwell coined—Taylor elucidates the environmental influences on the book. Then he examines 1984’s post-publication life, including its role as a tool to understand our language, politics, and government. In a climate where truth, surveillance, censorship, and critical thinking are contentious, Orwell’s work is necessary. Written with resonant and reflective analysis, On Nineteen Eighty-Four is both brilliant and remarkably timely. Praise for On Nineteen Eighty-Four “A lively, engaging, concise biography of a novel.” —Kirkus Reviews “The fascinating origins and complex legacy of this enduring masterwork are chronicled in [this] arresting new book.” —BookPage “Brisk [and] focused. . . . Taylor here covers the highlights, giving both an overview of Orwell’s career and a survey of his greatest literary achievement.” —Wall Street Journal “Taylor is an accomplished literary critic and he illuminates Orwell’s work in the context of his life, elegantly and expertly charting his course from Grub Street to bestsellerdom.” —TheGuardian

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: McClelland & Stewart
ISBN: 1551998513
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Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) by George Orwell Summary

"Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past." Hidden away in the Record Department of the sprawling Ministry of Truth, Winston Smith skilfully rewrites the past to suit the needs of the Party. Yet he inwardly rebels against the totalitarian world he lives in, which demands absolute obedience and controls him through the all-seeing telescreens and the watchful eye of Big Brother, symbolic head of the Party. In his longing for truth and liberty, Smith begins a secret love affair with a fellow-worker Julia, but soon discovers the true price of freedom is betrayal. George Orwell's dystopian masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four is perhaps the most pervasively influential book of the twentieth century.

On Nineteen Eighty-Four

On Nineteen Eighty-Four Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Abbott Gleason,Jack Goldsmith,Martha C. Nussbaum
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400826640
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On Nineteen Eighty-Four by Abbott Gleason,Jack Goldsmith,Martha C. Nussbaum Summary

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is among the most widely read books in the world. For more than 50 years, it has been regarded as a morality tale for the possible future of modern society, a future involving nothing less than extinction of humanity itself. Does Nineteen Eighty-Four remain relevant in our new century? The editors of this book assembled a distinguished group of philosophers, literary specialists, political commentators, historians, and lawyers and asked them to take a wide-ranging and uninhibited look at that question. The editors deliberately avoided Orwell scholars in an effort to call forth a fresh and diverse range of responses to the major work of one of the most durable literary figures among twentieth-century English writers. As Nineteen Eighty-Four protagonist Winston Smith has admirers on the right, in the center, and on the left, the contributors similarly represent a wide range of political, literary, and moral viewpoints. The Cold War that has so often been linked to Orwell's novel ended with more of a whimper than a bang, but most of the issues of concern to him remain alive in some form today: censorship, scientific surveillance, power worship, the autonomy of art, the meaning of democracy, relations between men and women, and many others. The contributors bring a variety of insightful and contemporary perspectives to bear on these questions.

The Ministry of Truth

The Ministry of Truth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dorian Lynskey
Editor: Anchor
ISBN: 0385544065
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The Ministry of Truth by Dorian Lynskey Summary

"Rich and compelling. . .Lynskey’s account of the reach of 1984 is revelatory.” --George Packer, The Atlantic An authoritative, wide-ranging, and incredibly timely history of 1984--its literary sources, its composition by Orwell, its deep and lasting effect on the Cold War, and its vast influence throughout world culture at every level, from high to pop. 1984 isn't just a novel; it's a key to understanding the modern world. George Orwell's final work is a treasure chest of ideas and memes--Big Brother, the Thought Police, Doublethink, Newspeak, 2+2=5--that gain potency with every year. Particularly in 2016, when the election of Donald Trump made it a bestseller ("Ministry of Alternative Facts," anyone?). Its influence has morphed endlessly into novels (The Handmaid's Tale), films (Brazil), television shows (V for Vendetta), rock albums (Diamond Dogs), commercials (Apple), even reality TV (Big Brother). The Ministry of Truth is the first book that fully examines the epochal and cultural event that is 1984 in all its aspects: its roots in the utopian and dystopian literature that preceded it; the personal experiences in wartime Great Britain that Orwell drew on as he struggled to finish his masterpiece in his dying days; and the political and cultural phenomena that the novel ignited at once upon publication and that far from subsiding, have only grown over the decades. It explains how fiction history informs fiction and how fiction explains history.

Penguin Readers Level 7: Nineteen Eighty-Four (ELT Graded Reader)

Penguin Readers Level 7: Nineteen Eighty-Four (ELT Graded Reader) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241483034
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Penguin Readers Level 7: Nineteen Eighty-Four (ELT Graded Reader) by George Orwell Summary

Penguin Readers is an ELT graded reader series. Please note that the eBook edition does NOT include access to the audio edition and digital book. Written for learners of English as a foreign language, each title includes carefully adapted text, new illustrations and language learning exercises. Titles include popular classics, exciting contemporary fiction, and thought-provoking non-fiction, introducing language learners to bestselling authors and compelling content. The eight levels of Penguin Readers follow the Common European Framework of Reference for language learning (CEFR). Exercises at the back of each Reader help language learners to practise grammar, vocabulary, and key exam skills. Before, during and after-reading questions test readers' story comprehension and develop vocabulary. Nineteen Eighty-Four, a Level 7 Reader, is B2 in the CEFR framework. The longer text is made up of sentences with up to four clauses, introducing future perfect simple, mixed conditionals, past perfect continuous, mixed conditionals, more complex passive forms and modals for deduction in the past. Winston Smith rewrites history for the Ministry of Truth. Big Brother and the Thought Police watch everyone for signs of thoughtcrime. But Winston can remember life before the Party, and he questions the world he lives in. He starts to take risks, and then he falls in love with Julia, in a world where love is against the rules. Visit the Penguin Readers website Register to access online resources including tests, worksheets and answer keys. Exclusively with the print edition, readers can unlock a digital book and audio edition (not available with the eBook).

Nineteen Eighty-Four

Nineteen Eighty-Four Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ross Walker
Editor: Insight Publications
ISBN: 1921088672
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Nineteen Eighty-Four by Ross Walker Summary

Insight Study Guides are written by experts and cover a range of popular literature, plays and films. Designed to provide insight and an overview about each text for students and teachers, these guides endeavor to develop knowledge and understanding rather than just provide answers and summaries.

George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four: Winston Smith's rebellion

George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four: Winston Smith's rebellion Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gaby Schneidereit
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638379272
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George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four: Winston Smith's rebellion by Gaby Schneidereit Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: gut (2), University of Dusseldorf "Heinrich Heine" (Anglistisches Institut), course: Proseminar: Utopian Literature, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four was published in 1949, a time characterized by the consequences of the Second World War and the communism of the Eastern Bloc. Winston Smith, the rebelling protagonist of Orwell’s utopia, is one victim of this system. These relevant events of mankind find expression in Orwell’s utopia and form the fundament of its contents. Orwell forecasts the possibility of a black future which might be considered as a warning of the population. Still moved by the upsetting experiences of the earlier years, he tries to make the people aware of the fact how important morality is. Nevertheless it is obvious that Orwell does not give any personal comment about what is going on in the world; his attitude, however, is made visible through the protagonist’s rebellion. That is why this essay aims at the description of Winston Smith’s character and the development of his rebellion – its increase, climax and decrease for which it is necessary to deal with the ideology and the system of the state he lives in. At first, facts about his normal life in Oceania are provided: his outer appearance, his social status depending on his job, his past referring to his family and his former wife. Then, the focus will shift to his love affair with Julia and its effects on Winston’s personality. His real nonconformity evidently starts with the first moment he gets in touch with her. Different subjects like the room in Mr Charrington’s junk shop, O’Brien, a member of the Inner Party, and at last their captivity give the reader an orientation over the stages Julia and Winston are running through.

Nineteen Eighty-Four - Literature Kit Gr. 9-12

Nineteen Eighty-Four - Literature Kit Gr. 9-12 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chad Ibbotson
Editor: Classroom Complete Press
ISBN: 0228305381
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Nineteen Eighty-Four - Literature Kit Gr. 9-12 by Chad Ibbotson Summary

Visit a dystopian society to see what an alternate 1984 could have looked like. The variety of engaging activities can easily be broken up for students over several weeks to coordinate with assigned reading. Use what you know about Winston’s memory of his mother to describe what family relationships are like in Oceania. Predict what will happen to Winston based on what you know of the world he lives in and the consequences of his actions. Identify statements about Winston and Julia’s first meeting as true or false. Use what you have already read about room 101 and predict how Winston will react to his experiences there. Describe what the word “betrayal” means to you, and how it relates to the events in the novel. List events from the book that connect to the plot’s major themes. Aligned to your State Standards and written to Bloom's Taxonomy, additional crossword, word search, comprehension quiz and answer key are also included. About the Novel: Nineteen Eighty-Four is the year of an alternate dystopian era in which there are three ruling nations: Oceania, Eastasia and Eurasia. The former are partnered together in a war against the latter, and that’s how it’s always been. Or has it? Winston Smith works for the Ministry of Truth office. His job is to alter the history books so they line up with whatever the Party wants its citizens to believe. Everything is controlled by the Party, including language. Those that dare to have free thought are dealt with severely. Winston begins to question the Party and how things are run. He starts to rebel by purchasing a diary to write his thoughts in, beginning a relationship with a mysterious dark-haired woman, and seek out the Brotherhood who would like to see the Party taken down. But with the unseen eye of the Party leader Big Brother always watching, it’s only a matter of time before Winston is caught.

Around the World in Eighty Days (Annotated with Biography of Verne and Plot Analysis)

Around the World in Eighty Days (Annotated with Biography of Verne and Plot Analysis) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jules Verne
Editor: Golgotha Press
ISBN: 1610426002
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Around the World in Eighty Days (Annotated with Biography of Verne and Plot Analysis) by Jules Verne Summary

Around the World in Eighty Days was published in 1873 and features Phileas Fogg as the protagonist. Fogg, a noble Londoner who lived on Savile Row, had made a wager at the Reform Club, for £20,000 (worth over a million pounds in 21st century value) that he could travel around the world in eighty days. Fogg is a very careful and precise man who has just fired his manservant for bringing him shaving water that was two degrees colder than he asked for. Fogg has a new valet, Jean Passepartout, a young Frenchman, who is looking forward to a quiet life with Phileas. Around the World in Eighty Days is Verne at his most fun – there was plenty of comic relief in the novel. He was able to use his own experience of recent travels to provide background for the narrative. The book was finished under a punishing deadline Verne set for himself – not unlike Fogg’s deadline for circumnavigating the world. The book was the most successful in terms of sales during the author’s lifetime, selling 108,000 copies before his death. This annotated edition includes a biography and critical essay.

Orwell on Truth

Orwell on Truth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Random House
ISBN: 1473559073
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Orwell on Truth by George Orwell Summary

A selection of George Orwell's prescient, clear-eyed and stimulating writing on the subjects of truth and lies. With an introduction by Alan Johnson. 'Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two equals four. If that is granted, all else follows.' This selection of George Orwell’s writing, from both his novels and non-fiction, gathers together his thoughts on the subject of truth. It ranges from discussion of personal honesty and morality, to freedom of speech and political propaganda. Orwell’s unique clarity of thought and illuminating scepticism provide the perfect defence against our post-truth world of fake news and confusion. 'The further a society drifts from the truth, the more it will hate those that speak it.' Includes an introduction by Alan Johnson and passages from Burmese Days, The Road to Wigan Pier, Coming Up for Air, The Lion and the Unicorn, Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwell’s letters, war-time diary, criticism and essays including ‘Fascism and Democracy’, ‘Culture and Democracy’, ‘Looking Back on the Spanish War’, ‘As I Please’, ‘Notes on Nationalism’, ‘The Prevention of Literature’, ‘Politics and the English Language’ and ‘Why I Write’.

Nineteen Eighty-Four: Science Between Utopia and Dystopia

Nineteen Eighty-Four: Science Between Utopia and Dystopia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. Mendelsohn,H. Nowotny
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400963408
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Nineteen Eighty-Four: Science Between Utopia and Dystopia by E. Mendelsohn,H. Nowotny Summary

Just fifty years ago Julian Huxley, the biologist grandson of Thomas Henry Huxley, published a book which easily could be seen to represent the prevail ing outlook among young scientists of the day: If I were a Dictator (1934). The outlook is optimistic, the tone playfully rational, the intent clear - allow science a free hand and through rational planning it could bring order out of the surrounding social chaos. He complained, however: At the moment, science is for most part either an intellectual luxury or the paid servant of capitalist industry or the nationalist state. When it and its results cannot be fitted into the existing framework, it and they are ignored; and furthermore the structure of scientific research is grossly lopsided, with over-emphasis on some kinds of science and partial or entire neglect of others. (pp. 83-84) All this the scientist dictator would set right. A new era of scientific human ism would provide alternative visions to the traditional religions with their Gods and the civic religions such as Nazism and fascism. Science in Huxley's version carries in it the twin impulses of the utopian imagination - Power and Order. Of course, it was exactly this vision of science which led that other grand son of Thomas Henry Huxley, the writer Aldous Huxley, to portray scientific discovery as potentially subversive and scientific practice as ultimately en slaving.

If George Orwell were alive today …

If George Orwell were alive today … Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Dale
Editor: Australian Scholarly Publishing
ISBN: 192580187X
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If George Orwell were alive today … by John Dale Summary

Great writers engage with the changing times and by using their imaginations transform their ideas and environments into fiction. More than any other writer of the 20th century, George Orwell responded to a period of historical change by imagining his dystopian future of Nineteen Eighty-Four, perhaps the most influential political novel ever written. At the same time Nineteen Eighty-Four was very much a product of post-war England with its rations and shortages. Orwell, in fact, remained a socialist until his death in January 1950, but the far more intriguing question is what Nineteen Eighty-Four would be like if it were written today, in an age of Islamist terror, fake news and post-truth politics.

The Road to Wigan Pier

The Road to Wigan Pier Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1529038251
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The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell Summary

The Road to Wigan Pier is a book in two parts: the first half is Orwell’s description of working-class life in industrial communities of the north of England, the second examines his own political views. Part of the Macmillan Collector’s Library; a series of stunning, clothbound, pocket-sized classics with gold foiled edges and ribbon markers. These beautiful books make perfect gifts or a treat for any book lover. This edition is introduced by journalist and author Amelia Gentleman. The Road to Wigan Pier is an insightful and powerful account of lives lived in poverty and deprivation in a time of low wages and meagre government support. Orwell describes dismal housing (including the lodging house where he stays), harsh working conditions and the devastating effects of unemployment. And he also vividly describes the courage and dignity of the people he meets. In the second half of the book, Orwell examines his own political and social affiliations with an impressive ability to provoke and to question. He defends middle-class values whilst critiquing the failures of his own class, he advocates socialism whilst criticizing the socialist movement in England.

Becoming Europe

Becoming Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Samuel Gregg
Editor: Encounter Books
ISBN: 1594036500
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Becoming Europe by Samuel Gregg Summary

“We’re becoming like Europe.” This expression captures many Americans’ sense that something has changed in American economic life since the Great Recession’s onset in 2008: that an economy once characterized by commitments to economic liberty, rule of law, limited government, and personal responsibility has drifted in a distinctly “European” direction. Americans see, across the Atlantic, European economies faltering under enormous debt; overburdened welfare states; governments controlling close to fifty percent of the economy; high taxation; heavily regulated labor markets; aging populations; and large numbers of public-sector workers. They also see a European political class seemingly unable—and, in some cases, unwilling—to implement economic reform, and seemingly more concerned with preserving its own privileges. Looking at their own society, Americans are increasingly asking themselves: “Is this our future?” In Becoming Europe, Samuel Gregg examines economic culture—the values and institutions that inform our economic priorities—to explain how European economic life has drifted in the direction of what Alexis de Tocqueville called “soft despotism,” and the ways in which similar trends are manifesting themselves in the United States. America, Gregg argues, is not yet Europe; the good news is that economic decline need not be its future. The path to recovery lies in the distinctiveness of American economic culture. Yet there are ominous signs that some of the cultural foundations of America’s historically unparalleled economic success are being corroded in ways that are not easily reversible—and the European experience should serve as the proverbial canary in the coal mine.

Burmese Days

Burmese Days Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1529038243
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Burmese Days by George Orwell Summary

In Burmese Days, George Orwell, one of the most famous writers in the English language, draws on his own experience of living and working in Burma to write an unflinching novel about the dark side of imperialism. Part of the Macmillan Collector’s Library; a series of stunning, clothbound, pocket-sized classics with gold foiled edges and ribbon markers. These beautiful books make perfect gifts or a treat for any book lover. This edition features an introduction by journalist and writer David Eimer. John Flory is a disillusioned timber merchant based in the remote town of Kyauktada in 1920s Burma. Whilst his English peers gather night after night to drink and gossip in their exclusive club, Flory has embraced local life – his best friend is Dr Veraswami and his mistress is Ma Hla May. The slow, sticky, hot days are interrupted by the arrival of the young and beautiful Elizabeth. And when the club is forced to elect a non-white member, Flory is caught up in an increasingly hostile and dangerous feud.

Why I Write

Why I Write Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Renard Press Ltd
ISBN: 1913724263
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Why I Write by George Orwell Summary

George Orwell set out ‘to make political writing into an art’, and to a wide extent this aim shaped the future of English literature – his descriptions of authoritarian regimes helped to form a new vocabulary that is fundamental to understanding totalitarianism. While 1984 and Animal Farm are amongst the most popular classic novels in the English language, this new series of Orwell’s essays seeks to bring a wider selection of his writing on politics and literature to a new readership. In Why I Write, the first in the Orwell’s Essays series, Orwell describes his journey to becoming a writer, and his movement from writing poems to short stories to the essays, fiction and non-fiction we remember him for. He also discusses what he sees as the ‘four great motives for writing’ – ‘sheer egoism’, ‘aesthetic enthusiasm’, ‘historical impulse’ and ‘political purpose’ – and considers the importance of keeping these in balance. Why I Write is a unique opportunity to look into Orwell’s mind, and it grants the reader an entirely different vantage point from which to consider the rest of the great writer’s oeuvre. 'A writer who can – and must – be rediscovered with every age.' — Irish Times

1984 and Philosophy

1984 and Philosophy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ezio Di Nucci,Stefan Storrie
Editor: Open Court Publishing
ISBN: 0812699858
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1984 and Philosophy by Ezio Di Nucci,Stefan Storrie Summary

Although the year 1984 is hurtling back into the distant past, Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four continues to have a huge readership and to help shape the world of 2084. Sales of Orwell’s terrifying tale have recently spiked because of current worries about alternate facts, post-truth, and fake news. 1984 and Philosophy brings together brand new, up-to-the-minute thinking by philosophers about Nineteen Eighty-Four as it relates to today’s culture, politics, and everyday life. Some of the thinking amounts to thoughtcrime, but we managed to sneak it past the agents of the Ministry of Truth, so this is a book to be read quickly before the words on the page mysteriously transform into something different. Who’s controlling our lives and are they getting even more levers to control us? Is truth objective or just made up? What did Orwell get right—and did he get some things wrong? Are social media opportunities for liberation or instruments of oppression? How can we fight back against totalitarian control? Can Big Brother compel us to love him? How does the language we use affect the way we think? Do we really need the unifying power of hate? Why did Orwell make Nineteen Eighty-Four so desperately hopeless? Can science be protected from poisonous ideology? Can we really believe two contradictory things at once? Who surveils the surveilors?

Coming Up for Air

Coming Up for Air Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN:
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Coming Up for Air by George Orwell Summary

This eBook edition of "Coming Up for Air" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. George Bowling, the 45 years-old protagonist, wonders what to do with a modest sum of money that he has won on a horserace and which he has concealed from his wife and family. On a trip down the memory lane, he decides to visit the idyllic home of his childhood and spend some quality alone time there. But Bowling is in for a rude shock for everything around him is in state of flux. Even the progress that has come calling to his home leaves him in the midst of painful realisation…

George Orwell: A Life in Letters

George Orwell: A Life in Letters Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241281954
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George Orwell: A Life in Letters by George Orwell Summary

Personal as well as political, Orwell's letters offer a fascinating window into the mind of a phenomenal man. We are privy to snatched glimpses of his family life: his son Richard's developing teeth, the death of his wife Eileen, and his own illness. Candid portraits of Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War, his opinions on bayonets, and on the chaining of German prisoners display his magnificent talent as a political writer, and letters to friends and his publisher provide a unique insight into the development and publication of some of the most important novels in the English language. A Life in Letters features previously unpublished material, including letters which shed new light on a love that would haunt him for his whole life, as well as revealing the inspiration for some of his most famous characters. Presented for the first time in a dedicated volume, this selection of Orwell's letters is an indispensible companion to his diaries.

Homage to Catalonia

Homage to Catalonia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Arcturus Publishing
ISBN: 1398805912
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Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell Summary

'Above all, there was a belief in the revolution and the future, a feeling of having suddenly emerged into an era of equality and freedom.' In late 1936, the idealistic young George Orwell set out for Spain to join the Republican Army in its battle against the fascists. There he encountered a country in chaos. From the heady promises of revolutionary Barcelona to the betrayals, logistical nightmares, and petty factional conflicts, Orwell describes the war in all its gruesome detail with his characteristic flair for language. A fascinating, deeply personal account of how a movement gave up its ideals in pursuit of a victory that never came, the Homage to Catalonia is a remarkable chronicle of the Spanish Civil War. ABOUT THE SERIES: Arcturus Essential Orwell presents George Orwell's most acclaimed fiction and non-fiction titles with striking contemporary cover-designs. These unique paperback editions are wonderful collectibles which celebrate one of the most important voices of the 20th century.

Politics and the English Language

Politics and the English Language Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Renard Press Ltd
ISBN: 1913724271
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Politics and the English Language by George Orwell Summary

George Orwell set out ‘to make political writing into an art’, and to a wide extent this aim shaped the future of English literature – his descriptions of authoritarian regimes helped to form a new vocabulary that is fundamental to understanding totalitarianism. While 1984 and Animal Farm are amongst the most popular classic novels in the English language, this new series of Orwell’s essays seeks to bring a wider selection of his writing on politics and literature to a new readership. In Politics and the English Language, the second in the Orwell’s Essays series, Orwell takes aim at the language used in politics, which, he says, ‘is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind’. In an age where the language used in politics is constantly under the microscope, Orwell’s Politics and the English Language is just as relevant today, and gives the reader a vital understanding of the tactics at play. 'A writer who can – and must – be rediscovered with every age.' — Irish Times

All Art Is Propaganda

All Art Is Propaganda Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell,Keith Gessen
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ISBN: 0547417756
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All Art Is Propaganda by George Orwell,Keith Gessen Summary

The essential collection of critical essays from a twentieth-century master and author of 1984. As a critic, George Orwell cast a wide net. Equally at home discussing Charles Dickens and Charlie Chaplin, he moved back and forth across the porous borders between essay and journalism, high art and low. A frequent commentator on literature, language, film, and drama throughout his career, Orwell turned increasingly to the critical essay in the 1940s, when his most important experiences were behind him and some of his most incisive writing lay ahead. All Art Is Propaganda follows Orwell as he demonstrates in piece after piece how intent analysis of a work or body of work gives rise to trenchant aesthetic and philosophical commentary. With masterpieces such as "Politics and the English Language" and "Rudyard Kipling" and gems such as "Good Bad Books," here is an unrivaled education in, as George Packer puts it, "how to be interesting, line after line." With an Introduction from Keith Gessen.

Orwell and Politics

Orwell and Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141913924
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Orwell and Politics by George Orwell Summary

Orwell's classic satire ANIMAL FARM continues to be an international best seller. For the first time ever, ORWELL AND POLITICS brings this major work together with the author's other works exploring the nature of politics and the Second World War.

Orwell's England

Orwell's England Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141926635
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Orwell's England by George Orwell Summary

Collected together for the first time, this volume includes the complete text of THE ROAD TO WIGAN PIER - Orwell's vivid and impassioned documentary of unemployment and proletarian life - as well as Orwell's best writing on the political and social condition of England.

The Last Man in Europe

The Last Man in Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dennis Glover
Editor: Abrams
ISBN: 1468315927
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The Last Man in Europe by Dennis Glover Summary

April, 1947. In a run-down farmhouse on a remote Scottish island, George Orwell begins his last and greatest work: Nineteen Eighty-Four.Forty-three years old and suffering from the tuberculosis that within three winters will take his life, Orwell comes to see the book as his legacy—the culmination of a career spent fighting to preserve the freedoms which the wars and upheavals of the twentieth century have threatened. Completing the book is an urgent challenge, a race against death.In this masterful novel, Dennis Glover explores the creation of Orwell’s classic work, which for millions of readers worldwide defined the twentieth century, and is now again proving its unnerving relevance. Simultaneously a captivating drama, a unique literary excavation, and an unflinching portrait of a writer, The Last Man in Europe will change the way we understand both our enduringly Orwellian times and Nineteen Eighty-Four.

It can't happen here, a novel

It can't happen here, a novel Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lewis, Sinclair
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It can't happen here, a novel by Lewis, Sinclair Summary

Here in Vermont the affair was not so picturesque as it might have been on the Western prairies. Oh, it had its points: there was a skit in which Medary Cole (grist mill & feed store) and Louis Rotenstern (custom tailoring—pressing & cleaning) announced that they were those historic Vermonters, Brigham Young and Joseph Smith, and with their jokes about imaginary plural wives they got in ever so many funny digs at the ladies present. But the occasion was essentially serious. All of America was serious now, after the seven years of depression since 1929. It was just long enough after the Great War of 1914-18 for the young people who had been born in 1917 to be ready to go to college... or to another war, almost any old war that might be handy.

Orwell and the Dispossessed

Orwell and the Dispossessed Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014192666X
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Orwell and the Dispossessed by George Orwell Summary

This volume brings together Orwell's powerful writings of his personal exepriences of poverty and life outside mainstream society. The complete texts of DOWN AND OUT IN PARIS AND LONDON is included.

The Warden

The Warden Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anthony Trollope
Editor: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1529029759
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The Warden by Anthony Trollope Summary

The Warden introduces us to the lives of some of the most beloved characters in all literature. Part of the Macmillan Collector’s Library; a series of stunning, clothbound, pocket sized classics with gold foiled edges and ribbon markers. These beautiful books make perfect gifts or a treat for any book lover. This edition has an introduction by Margaret Drabble and illustrations by F. C. Tilney. Scandal strikes the peaceful cathedral town of Barchester when Septimus Harding, the warden of charitable foundation Hiram’s Hospital, is accused of financial wrongdoing. A kindly and naive man, he finds himself caught between the forces of entrenched tradition and radical reform amid the burgeoning materialism of Britain in the 1850s. The deeply insightful portrayals of figures such as the booming Archdeacon Grantly and the beautiful Eleanor Harding are at the heart of this moving and deliciously comical tale. The Warden launched the enduringly popular Barsetshire Chronicles series of six novels and won Anthony Trollope a seat in the pantheon of great literary figures.

Desire and Empathy in Twentieth-Century Dystopian Fiction

Desire and Empathy in Twentieth-Century Dystopian Fiction Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Horan
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319706756
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Desire and Empathy in Twentieth-Century Dystopian Fiction by Thomas Horan Summary

This book assesses key works of twentieth-century dystopian fiction, including Katharine Burdekin’s Swastika Night, George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale, to demonstrate that the major authors of this genre locate empathy and morality in eroticism. Taken together, these books delineate a subset of politically conscious speculative literature, which can be understood collectively as projected political fiction. While Thomas Horan addresses problematic aspects of this subgenre, particularly sexist and racist stereotypes, he also highlights how some of these texts locate social responsibility in queer and other non-heteronormative sexual relationships. In these novels, even when the illicit relationship itself is truncated, sexual desire fosters hope and community.

Gale Researcher Guide for: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four

Gale Researcher Guide for: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rob Breton
Editor: Gale, Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1535851570
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Gale Researcher Guide for: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four by Rob Breton Summary

Gale Researcher Guide for: George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is selected from Gale's academic platform Gale Researcher. These study guides provide peer-reviewed articles that allow students early success in finding scholarly materials and to gain the confidence and vocabulary needed to pursue deeper research.

一九八四

一九八四 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: 喬治.歐威爾 (George Orwell)
Editor: 遠流出版
ISBN: 9573270129
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一九八四 by 喬治.歐威爾 (George Orwell) Summary

遠流╳師大譯研所「經典文學新譯計畫」NO.2 計畫主持人師大譯研所長賴慈芸 計畫顧問台灣翻譯學會執行長蘇正隆 在一個語言墮落的時代,作家必須保持自己的獨立性,在抵抗暴力和承擔苦難上做一個永遠的抗議者。──喬治‧歐威爾 他不怕分離,不怕被出賣,不怕受盡折磨, 他唯一害怕的,是那股讓他不能再愛人的力量。 1945年,歐威爾的《動物農莊》在連續遭到五家出版社拒絕後,終於問世了,立即爆紅成為暢銷書,一輩子幾乎都在過窮苦日子的歐威爾,靠著這本書的版稅,買下了某個偏遠小島的房子,並且在那裡寫出了他更為重要的作品《一九八四》。 在二十世紀許多重要的文學作品,《一九八四》是難得一見的傑作,因為書中對未來的悲觀假想,隨著時代變得愈來愈真實,也愈來愈讓人無法忘懷。 故事描述在1984年的世界中,大洋國裡每個人都活在「老大哥」的監視下,政府說什麼,人民就得相信什麼,只要言語間透露出一點懷疑或者好奇,就很可能從此人間蒸發。人類生活變成了一個惡夢,而在這惡夢中,有一個可憐蟲試圖尋找個人獨立存在的意義。 溫斯頓‧史密斯就是這個可憐蟲。他愛上茱莉亞之後,發現自己的人生不必是如此無聊和死氣沉沉,生命還有各種可能性,包括自由意志。 雖然思想警察能挖出每一個背叛行動,兩人的頭頂上總是有警察監視的眼線盤旋,他們還是開始質疑政府,一步步籌畫計謀,但老大哥無法容忍異議份子,就算只是有念頭也不行,兩個人終究不堪折磨而互相出賣了對方…… 歐威爾可說預知了現代生活的情況──無所不在的電視、語言的扭曲,而且還建構出一個如地獄般的駭人世界。本書自出版以來就是學生的必讀讀物,也名列史上最令人心驚的小說之一。 本書特色 ★真正全新譯本 ★師大翻譯研究所與遠流合作「經典文學新譯」計畫第二本書 ★附師大翻譯研究所所長總序、譯者解析文字 ★英美中學生必讀書目 ★村上春樹為向歐威爾致敬,創作出最新長篇《1Q84》 ★瑪格麗特‧愛特伍(Margaret Atwood)最喜愛的一部小說 ★本書對英語本身產生重大影響,許多經典詞彙,沿用至今 ★全球累積銷量破5千萬冊、全球超過62種語言譯本 ★BBC票選20世紀百大經典小說 ★TIME雜誌評選20世紀百大必讀小說 ★藍燈書屋20世紀百大必讀小說 ★紐約公共圖書館評選世紀之書 ★100本必讀科幻小說第一名 ★澳洲ABC電視網觀眾票選百大小說 ★法國世界報評選世紀小說 ★英國觀察家報編輯評選史上百大最佳小說 ★英國衛報編輯評選1000本必讀小說 ★英國The Telegraph編輯評選人人必讀百大小說 ★英國連鎖書店Waterstones讀者票選世紀之書第2名 ★全球百位文學評論家票選死前必讀的1001本小說 ★Modern Library、Radcliffe等國外知名出版社編輯嚴選百大最有影響力小說 ★英國亞馬遜經典文學類第一名

Utopia and Anti-Utopia - A comparison of Thomas More’s Utopia and George Orwell’s 1984

Utopia and Anti-Utopia - A comparison of Thomas More’s Utopia and George Orwell’s 1984 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Raoul Festante
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638407063
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Utopia and Anti-Utopia - A comparison of Thomas More’s Utopia and George Orwell’s 1984 by Raoul Festante Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1, University of Hannover (Englisches Seminar Universität Hannover), course: Utopias of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: n the following paper I want to examine the relationship between Thomas More ́s Utopia and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. As both these texts offer a wealth of material for interpretation, I want to concentrate mainly on emphasizing the similarities in the desc ription of the political and social systems. I will attempt to underline these very essential resemblances by examining how life in Utopia differs from life in Nineteen Eighty-Four for the individual social being. After reading Utopia for the first time It seemed to me an important question to examine the world of Utopia from a different angle, by comparing it to the opposite, politically charged Anti-Utopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. In comparing these texts I began to ask myself if Thomas More was actually well ahead of his time in constructing the world of Utopia. Taking Orwell’s text into consideration, I felt that there was a striking similarity between the texts although they differed in their criticism and point of departure. What I want to explore in the following pages is to show how the political system of Utopia depends on an unyielding denial of human individuality, a denial that is an essential part of the ideology in Nineteen Eighty-Four. My main argument will be that Utopia is not the happy place it wants us to present, but a system of total control and oppression, very similar to Nineteen Eighty-Four. Although different in its overall impression, Utopia leaves a great deal of questions to the reader. The most striking one is, how the Utopia ns themselves evaluate the laws and rules of Utopia. Finally, I will attempt to emphasize the interrelationship and logical consequence of Anti-Utopia as a possible answer towards Utopian idealism.

George Orwell's Dystopian World. "Nineteen Eighty-Four" and the Pragmatics of (Mis)Understanding

George Orwell's Dystopian World. Author: Mansour Khelifa
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668132305
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George Orwell's Dystopian World. "Nineteen Eighty-Four" and the Pragmatics of (Mis)Understanding by Mansour Khelifa Summary

Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, , language: English, abstract: Occupying a central position in the political inner debate of Winston Smith, the main character in Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, is the following statement/promise/threat: “We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness” (25). This cryptic illocutionary speech act is initially heard by Winston in a dream, then is distinctly associated with, and equivocally reiterated, later on in the novel, by O’Brien who embodies, at the same time, the main character’s ideological mentor, intellectual tormentor and physical torturer. As the story unfolds, the initially promising trope, “the place where there is no darkness,” becomes more and more of a sibylline utterance representing a locus of (mis)understanding and a space of radical misreading. The representation of this place is stripped of its dream-like, metaphorical significance and reveals a dark, deictic and literal meaning. “[T]he place where there is no darkness” turns out the infamous Room 101, which is precisely the opposite of what it initially passes for, that is, a ‘utopian’ space of enlightenment. On the contrary, Room 101 is a ‘dystopian’ place, in the novel, where the light is deliberately never switched off as a torture inflicted upon political dissidents like Winston Smith. Likewise, the story line seems to operate a series of ironical degradations such as utopia becoming dystopia; metaphor dwindling into synecdoche; and euphemism signalling a glaring “statement” (25) charged with a sense of utter (mis)understanding, foreboding and warning, culminating in the irreversible destruction of the main character. Winston’s revolutionary dream of a better world turns into a horrible nightmare full of equivocation and despair. The mutual (mis)understanding between Winston and O’Brien leads to complete brainwash and emasculation of the former. Winston’s political resistance to, and hate of, Big Brother’s regime are annihilated, his dream is shattered. The story ends with Winston being ultimately defeated, ironically depicted as follows: “[h]e had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother” (297); whereas at the beginning of the narrative he has emphatically written in his secret diary in distinct capital letters: “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” (18).

The Classic George Orwell Collection

The Classic George Orwell Collection Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Arcturus Publishing
ISBN: 1398813168
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The Classic George Orwell Collection by George Orwell Summary

George Orwell was perhaps the twentieth century's best chronicler of English culture and one of our most significant political thinkers. Best known for his chilling dystopia Nineteen-Eighty Four and the disturbing parable of Animal Farm, Orwell also turned his attention to subjects as wide-ranging as life amidst abject poverty, the strictures of a religious upbringing, the perils of British imperialism, the loss of innocence and the disillusionment of middle age. He centered his works on the characters involved and his pen captured the hopes and struggles of ordinary people as they attempted to live their lives. Includes: • 1984 • Animal Farm • Homage to Catalonia • The Road to Wigan Pier • Down and Out in London and Paris ABOUT THE SERIES: Arcturus Essential Orwell presents George Orwell's most acclaimed fiction and non-fiction titles with striking contemporary cover-designs. These unique paperback editions are wonderful collectibles which celebrate one of the most important voices of the 20th century.

George Orwell’s Philosophy

George Orwell’s Philosophy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: IntroBooks Team
Editor: IntroBooks
ISBN:
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George Orwell’s Philosophy by IntroBooks Team Summary

Eric Arthur Blair alias George Orwell was born on 25th June 1903 and died on 2t1 January 1950 was an English writer and essayist, critic, and journalist. His work is characterized by a concise writing, sharp social critique, and resistance to totalitarianism and vocal support for democratic socialism. Orwell had created literary analysis and poetry, polemical journalism, and fiction as a writer; and is best remembered for the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) and the allegorical novel Animal Farm (1945). His non-fiction novels, such as The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), describing his conception of working-class living in northern England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his work experiences as a soldier for the Spanish Civil War Republican contingent (1936–1939), is as critically regarded as his essays on language and culture and politics and literature. He was ranked second by The Times in 2008 among The 50 finest British authors since 1945.

1984 and Animal Farm

1984 and Animal Farm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Orwell
Editor: Editora Bibliomundi
ISBN: 1526033437
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1984 and Animal Farm by George Orwell Summary

This Eternal Classics digital edition features George Orwell's best known novels – Animal Farm and 1984 – for the price of a cup of coffeeTM. Animal Farm Animal Farm is an allegorical novel, or fairy tale. The book tells the story of a group of farm animals who rebel against their human farmer, hoping to create a society where the animals can be equal, free, and happy. Ultimately, however, the rebellion is betrayed, and the farm ends up in a state as bad as it was before, under the dictatorship of a pig named Napoleon. 1984 Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel. Thematically, 1984 centres on the consequences of totalitarianism, mass surveillance, and repressive regimentation of all persons and behaviours within society. Orwell modeled the authoritarian government in the novel after Stalinist Russia. More broadly, the novel examines the role of truth and facts within politics and the ways in which they are manipulated. *** Number of pages Equivalent to 400 pages of a book. Summary (with active index) - Animal Farm -- Chapters 1 to 10 - 1984 -- Part 1 --- Chapters 1 to 8 -- Part 2 --- Chapters 1 to 10 -- Part 3 --- Chapters 1 to 6 -- Appendix: The Principles of Newspeak - Epilogue: The life and times of George Orwell [ an Eternal Classics edition, distributed by Bibliomundi ]

The Role of the Government in "Nineteen Eighty-Four " and What it Means to the Contemporary Reader

The Role of the Government in Author: Maximilian U. Tannert
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640719921
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The Role of the Government in "Nineteen Eighty-Four " and What it Means to the Contemporary Reader by Maximilian U. Tannert Summary

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Literatur, Note: 1,7, Universität zu Köln (Englisches Seminar), Veranstaltung: Gordon Bölling - Utopia/Dystopia, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: From all utopian/dystopian novels ever published, George Orwell’s “Nineteen Eighty-Four”, along with Huxley’s “Brave New World”, surely has the highest influence on modern culture. Being translated into sixty-two languages since its publication, the novel had a big influence on language, the development of the science-fiction genre and the view on governments all around the world. It provides an important warning to pay attention to political decisions, new laws and the critical increase of mass surveillance. Orwell’s ideas presented in the novel spawned numerous other novels, movies, television shows and awareness groups against an orwellian world. The reason for this development was in the end Orwell’s depiction of a horrible kind of government, which seems to be in infinite control of its citizens. Hence, the term “orwellian” emerged into popular culture to describe totalitarian states and governments with such tendencies. This paper is going to give a closer view on the way the government described in “Nineteen Eighty-Four” works, how it came to power, how is makes use of its power to preserve it and how the ordinary citizens deal with living under such a government. Furthermore, this paper will come across the historical circumstances that inspired Orwell at his time and finally we will observe the present to compare the situation in several selected countries and especially the United States of America all over the world with Orwell’s fearful vision. Reliability of information and lack of information is of course a big problem in the case of the Ingsoc government. The reader is always bond to the limited perspective of the main character, Winston Smith - who himself is probably deceived and lied to by O’Brien most of the time. The lack of perspectives often makes it impossible to be sure if that what is told is the truth, so it is necessary to presume, assume, speculate and calculate with probabilities to draw a picture of the whole. If this goal is finally achieved, remains the decision of the reader.

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