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Opposition Parties in European Legislatures

Opposition Parties in European Legislatures Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317200012
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Opposition Parties in European Legislatures by , Summary

Democratic theory considers it fundamental for parties in government to be both responsive to their electorate and responsible to internal and international constraints. But recently these two roles have become more and more incompatible with Mair’s growing divide in European party systems between parties which claim to represent, but don’t deliver, and those which deliver, but are no longer seen to represent truer than ever. This book contains a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the behaviour of the opposition parties in eleven European democracies across Western and East Central Europe. Specifically, it investigates the parliamentary behaviour of the opposition parties, and shows that the party context is increasingly diverse. It demonstrates the emergence of two distinct types of opposition: one more cooperative, carried out by the mainstream parties (those with government aspirations), and one more adversarial focusing on government scrutiny rather than on policy alternatives (parties permanently excluded from power). It systematically and analytically explores the sources of their behaviour, whilst acknowledging that opposition is broader than its mere parliamentary behaviour. Finally, it considers the European agenda and the economic crisis as two possible intervening variables that might have an impact on the opposition parties’ behaviour and the government-opposition relations. As such, it responds to questions that are major concerns for the European democracies of the new millennium. This text will be of key interest to students and scholars of political parties, European politics, comparative politics and democracy.

Golden Gulag

Golden Gulag Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ruth Wilson Gilmore
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520938038
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Golden Gulag by Ruth Wilson Gilmore Summary

Since 1980, the number of people in U.S. prisons has increased more than 450%. Despite a crime rate that has been falling steadily for decades, California has led the way in this explosion, with what a state analyst called "the biggest prison building project in the history of the world." Golden Gulag provides the first detailed explanation for that buildup by looking at how political and economic forces, ranging from global to local, conjoined to produce the prison boom. In an informed and impassioned account, Ruth Wilson Gilmore examines this issue through statewide, rural, and urban perspectives to explain how the expansion developed from surpluses of finance capital, labor, land, and state capacity. Detailing crises that hit California’s economy with particular ferocity, she argues that defeats of radical struggles, weakening of labor, and shifting patterns of capital investment have been key conditions for prison growth. The results—a vast and expensive prison system, a huge number of incarcerated young people of color, and the increase in punitive justice such as the "three strikes" law—pose profound and troubling questions for the future of California, the United States, and the world. Golden Gulag provides a rich context for this complex dilemma, and at the same time challenges many cherished assumptions about who benefits and who suffers from the state’s commitment to prison expansion.

Shakespeare and the Italian Renaissance

Shakespeare and the Italian Renaissance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michele Marrapodi
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317056442
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Shakespeare and the Italian Renaissance by Michele Marrapodi Summary

Shakespeare and the Italian Renaissance investigates the works of Shakespeare and his fellow dramatists from within the context of the European Renaissance and, more specifically, from within the context of Italian cultural, dramatic, and literary traditions, with reference to the impact and influence of classical, coeval, and contemporary culture. In contrast to previous studies, the critical perspectives pursued in this volume’s tripartite organization take into account a wider European intertextual dimension and, above all, an ideological interpretation of the 'aesthetics' or 'politics' of intertextuality. Contributors perceive the presence of the Italian world in early modern England not as a traditional treasure trove of influence and imitation, but as a potential cultural force, consonant with complex processes of appropriation, transformation, and ideological opposition through a continuous dialectical interchange of compliance and subversion.

Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe

Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mieke Verloo
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317232917
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Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe by Mieke Verloo Summary

In contrast to the wealth of studies on progress towards gender equality, opposition to gender equality is rarely studied, which makes it difficult to understand the positive and negative dynamics of gender equality as a political project. The first of its kind, this timely collection examines the potential and challenges of our current scholarship on understanding opposition to gender+ equality in Europe. Divided into three parts, Mieke Verloo and her team of international experts begin Varieties of Opposition to Gender Equality in Europe by theorizing the dynamics of opposition to gender equality policies in Europe. Part Two highlights oppositional actors (politicians, governments, citizens, policy makers, churches) and political arenas (parliament, courts, Internet), as well as different and opposing visions of gender+ equality. Part Three concludes with a framework for understanding oppositional dynamics on gender equality change. Setting the agenda for future research, this book will be useful for students of gender and politics, social movements, European integration, and policy studies, as well as for high-level policymakers, students, and feminist activists alike. It will be an inspiration to thinkers and doers and to scholars and political actors.

Lord Byron and Madame de Staël

Lord Byron and Madame de Staël Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joanne Wilkes
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429839111
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Lord Byron and Madame de Staël by Joanne Wilkes Summary

Published in 1999. Lord Byron and Madam de Stael made a great impression on Europe in the throes of the Napoleonic Wars, through their personalities, the versions of themselves which they projected through their works, and their literary engagement with contemporary life. However, the strong links between them have never before been explored in detail. This pioneering study looks at their personal relations, from their verbal sparring in Regency society, through the friendship which developed in Switzerland after Byron left England in 1816, to Byron’s tributes to Mme de Stael after her death. It concentrates on their literary links, both direct responses to each other’s works, and the copious evidence of shared concerns. The study deals with their treatment of gender, their grappling with the possibilities for heroic endeavour, their engagement with the social and political situations of Britain, France and Italy, and their conceptions of the role of the writer. Although Byron will need no introduction, Mme de Stael’s standing as a French romantic writer of the first rank is made plain by the strong impact of her writings on the English Poet.

Lord Chatham and the Whig Opposition

Lord Chatham and the Whig Opposition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D. A. Winstanley
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429638426
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Lord Chatham and the Whig Opposition by D. A. Winstanley Summary

Originally published in 1966, this book examines the struggle between the whig factions and the crown during a period of George III's reign. During the short period, the destinites of the nation were determined and the work of the Revolution nullified; never before had the opponents of personal government been given such a favourable opportunity to thwart the execution of the royal schemes, and yet they failed hopeleslly. Lord Chatham and the Whig Opposition includes chapters covering the formation of Chatham's administration, the rise and fall of the opposition, and its downfall.

Islamists and Secularists in Egypt

Islamists and Secularists in Egypt Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dina Shehata
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113517928X
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Islamists and Secularists in Egypt by Dina Shehata Summary

In a detailed analysis of the continued survival of authoritarian governments in the Arab world, this book uses Egypt as a case study to address the timely and complex issue of democratization in the Middle East. This book examines how relations between different actors in the Egyptian opposition have contributed to the endurance of authoritarianism in Egypt over the past three decades. The author argues that the longevity of the authoritarian government is not only a function of the strength and cohesion of the regime, but is also related to the weaknesses and divisions between opposition groupings, particularly between Islamists and non-Islamists. Looking at how such ideological differences and mobilizational asymmetries have impeded successful cooperation between different opposition groups, and how this allows the authoritarian regime to successfully ensure its continued hegemony, the author illustrates the extent to which opposition strategies profoundly affect successful transitions to democracy in the Arab world. Highlighting the main obstacles to democratic political reform in the region, the author provides important insights for the promotion of democracy in the region which will be a valuable addition to the literature on Middle Eastern politics and government.

The New Food Activism

The New Food Activism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alison Alkon,Julie Guthman
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520965655
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The New Food Activism by Alison Alkon,Julie Guthman Summary

The New Food Activism explores how food activism can be pushed toward deeper and more complex engagement with social, racial, and economic justice and toward advocating for broader and more transformational shifts in the food system. Topics examined include struggles against pesticides and GMOs, efforts to improve workers’ pay and conditions throughout the food system, and ways to push food activism beyond its typical reliance on individualism, consumerism, and private property. The authors challenge and advance existing discourse on consumer trends, food movements, and the intersection of food with racial and economic inequalities.

Opposition in the EU Multi-Level Polity

Opposition in the EU Multi-Level Polity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stefan Thierse,Sanja Badanjak
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030471624
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Opposition in the EU Multi-Level Polity by Stefan Thierse,Sanja Badanjak Summary

This book challenges the conventional wisdom that the European Union (EU) is an example of governance without opposition. Building on a concept of opposition that honors both the institutional features of the EU polity and the fundamental functions of political opposition, it argues that legal mobilization and litigation before constitutional courts provides actors and organizations from civil society with an opportunity to challenge and overturn policy decisions that originate at the EU level. Further, it presents case studies of constitutional challenges to the implementation of the EU Data Retention Directive in four Member States (Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany and Ireland) to illustrate the motivations for, as well as the preconditions and pitfalls of, mobilizing constitutional law. By connecting the literature on social movements, law and politics and comparative government, this book will appeal to readers interested in political science, sociology and legal studies.


Opposition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Henry
Editor: Jane Henry
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Opposition by Jane Henry Summary

A stand-alone entry in the NYC Doms series I hate Liam Alexander. I hate his Rolex. I hate his scowl. I hate everything his multi-billion-dollar company stands for. When the pompous, rich, arrogant jerk comes strutting into the coffee shop, I barely manage civility. But people make mistakes, and when I screw up, it's epic. I never expected the jerk would actually be a well-respected member of Club Verge. I never should have trusted the masked stranger when he beckoned me. I never should have taken him up on his offer. And the biggest mistake of my life? Letting him kiss me.


Opposition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jennifer L. Armentrout
Editor: Entangled: Teen
ISBN: 1633757048
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Opposition by Jennifer L. Armentrout Summary

Don't miss Opposition, the fifth and final book in Jennifer L. Armentrout's bestselling Lux series, now available as a standalone in print for the first time! "An unmissable series!" –Samantha Young, New York Times bestselling author of On Dublin Street “This is the stuff swoons are made of.” —Wendy Higgins, New York Times bestselling author of Sweet Evil Katy knows the world changed the night the Luxen came. She can't believe Daemon stood by as his kind threatened to obliterate every last human and hybrid on Earth. But the lines between good and bad have blurred. Daemon will do anything to save those he loves, even if it means betrayal. But when it quickly becomes impossible to tell friend from foe, and the world is crumbling around them, they may lose everything to ensure the survival of their friends...and mankind. Read the entire bestselling series! #1: Obsidian (from Katy's point of view) #2: Onyx (from Katy's point of view) #3: Opal (from Katy's point of view) #4: Origin #5: Opposition Oblivion (Books 1-3 from Daemon's point of view) CAN BE READ FIRST OR AFTER KATY'S POV! Prequel: Shadows (Dawson's story)

Silencing the Opposition

Silencing the Opposition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Craig R. Smith
Editor: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438420463
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Silencing the Opposition by Craig R. Smith Summary

Examines major challenges to the First Amendment using case studies of the various forms of governmental suppression in U. S. history.

The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought

The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Yves Béziau,Gianfranco Basti
Editor: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 331945062X
FileSize: 332kb
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The Square of Opposition: A Cornerstone of Thought by Jean-Yves Béziau,Gianfranco Basti Summary

This is a collection of new investigations and discoveries on the theory of opposition (square, hexagon, octagon, polyhedra of opposition) by the best specialists from all over the world. The papers range from historical considerations to new mathematical developments of the theory of opposition including applications to theology, theory of argumentation and metalogic.

Cameroon's Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party (1990-2011)

Cameroon's Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party (1990-2011) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Milton Krieger
Editor: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9956558168
FileSize: 1683kb
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Cameroon's Social Democratic Front: Its History and Prospects as an Opposition Political Party (1990-2011) by Milton Krieger Summary

Cameroon's Social Democratic Front (SDF) was among the watershed challenges c.1990 by sub-Saharan Africa's democratization forces against autocratic regimes, but it crested in 1992 and has subsided since. Yet the party survives, participates in the National Assembly, maintains a grass roots structure, and prepares for a presidential ballot in 2011 that will likely determine its fate. The author conducted research four times in Cameroon, 1989-1999, focusing on the SDF since 1991, and maintains party contacts to the present. The book assesses its history and its prospects, covering the SDF in Africa-wide as well as Cameroonian terms. "Krieger has given us the first, superbly researched, finely tuned analysis of the fortunes of a major contemporary African opposition party, Cameroon's Social Democratic Front (SDF)." - Victor Le Vine, Washington University, St. Louis, USA. "The book goes far beyond its title and puts in context a daylight re-emergence of political opposition in Cameroon. To say that this long overdue history of the SDF party is a prolegomena to understanding contemporary Cameroon social forces is not an overstatement." - Ambroise Kom, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. "...a level-headed but provocative examination of the structure and workings of a major African country...the sobriety with which he evaluates institutions and leadership is commendable, yielding exceptional analysis that will stand the test of time." - Toyin Falola, Fellow of the Nigerian Academy of Letters and Fellow of the Historical Society of Nigeria. Milton Krieger started teaching and research about sub-Saharan Africa in 1970. Nine trips there include four research visits providing two years time in Cameroon, 1989-99. The second, 1991, coincided with 'villes mortes' and turned his primary scholarship to the Social Democratic Front. Access to party documents, officials, and rank and file members included visitor status at the 1995 and 1999 national conventions. Party contacts continue to the present.

Books Are Weapons

Books Are Weapons Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Siobhan Doucette
Editor: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822983192
FileSize: 834kb
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Books Are Weapons by Siobhan Doucette Summary

Much attention has been given to the role of intellectual dissidents, labor, and religion in the historic overthrow of communism in Poland during the 1980s. Books Are Weapons presents the first English-language study of that which connected them—the press. Siobhan Doucette provides a comprehensive examination of the Polish opposition’s independent, often underground, press and its crucial role in the events leading to the historic Round Table and popular elections of 1989. While other studies have emphasized the role that the Solidarity movement played in bringing about civil society in 1980-1981, Doucette instead argues that the independent press was the essential binding element in the establishment of a true civil society during the mid- to late-1980s. Based on a thorough investigation of underground publications and interviews with important activists of the period from 1976-1989, Doucette shows how the independent press, rooted in the long Polish tradition of well-organized resistance to foreign occupation, reshaped this tradition to embrace nonviolent civil resistance while creating a network that evolved from a small group of dissidents into a broad opposition movement with cross-national ties and millions of sympathizers. It was the galvanizing force in the resistance to communism and the rebuilding of Poland’s democratic society.

Abortion Is Good for America and the World---Why the Opposition?

Abortion Is Good for America and the World---Why the Opposition? Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dr. Bob O'Connor
Editor: Total Health Publications
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Abortion Is Good for America and the World---Why the Opposition? by Dr. Bob O'Connor Summary

People opposed to abortion rely on what they think is in their scriptures—but it isn’t there. The “pro-life” people who want: Ø more people in the world contributing to climate change, Ø more unwanted children, Ø more crime, and Ø higher taxes, are in opposition to the “pro-life” people who want happier women, more wanted children, and a more effectively functioning society. The Bible never forbids abortion, and in fact requires it in at least one type of pregnancy. The book looks at these and many other reasons that abortion is a major necessity for a better future.

Rethinking African Politics

Rethinking African Politics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Miles Larmer
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317064429
FileSize: 1581kb
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Rethinking African Politics by Miles Larmer Summary

In 1964 Kenneth Kaunda and his United National Independence Party (UNIP) government established the nation of Zambia in the former British colony of Northern Rhodesia. In parallel with many other newly independent countries in Africa this process of decolonisation created a wave of optimism regarding humanity's capacity to overcome oppression and poverty. Yet, as this study shows, in Zambia as in many other countries, the legacy of colonialism created obstacles that proved difficult to overcome. Within a short space of time democratisation and development was replaced by economic stagnation, political authoritarianism, corruption and ethnic and political conflict. To better understand this process, Dr Larmer explores UNIP's political ideology and the strategies it employed to retain a grip on government. He shows that despite the party's claim that it adhered to an authentically African model of consensual and communitarian decision-making, it was never a truly nationally representative body. Whereas in long-established Western societies unevenness in support was accepted as a legitimate basis for party political difference, in Zambia this was regarded as a threat to the fragile bindings of the young nation state, and as such had to be denied and repressed. This led to the declaration of a one-party state, presented as the logical expression of UNIP supremacy but it was in fact a reflection of its weakening grip on power. Through case studies of opposition political and social movements rooted in these differences, the book demonstrates that UNIP's control of the new nation-state was partial, uneven and consistently prone to challenge. Alongside this, the study also re-examines Zambia's role in the regional liberation struggles, providing valuable new evidence of the country's complex relations with Apartheid-era South Africa and the relationship between internal and external opposition, shaped by the context of regional liberation movements and the Cold War. Drawing on extensive archival research and interviews, Dr Larmer offers a ground-breaking analysis of post-colonial political history which helps explain the challenges facing contemporary African polities.

The British Labour Party in Opposition and Power 1979-2019

The British Labour Party in Opposition and Power 1979-2019 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Patrick Diamond
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317595378
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The British Labour Party in Opposition and Power 1979-2019 by Patrick Diamond Summary

This book provides a novel account of the Labour Party’s years in opposition and power since 1979, examining how New Labour fought to reinvent post-war social democracy, reshaping its core political ideas. It charts Labour’s sporadic recovery from political disaster in the 1980s, successfully making the arduous journey from opposition to power with the rise (and ultimately fall) of the governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. Forty years on from the 1979 debacle, Labour has found itself on the edge of oblivion once again. Defeated in 2010, it entered a further cycle of degeneration and decline. Like social democratic parties across Europe, Labour failed to identify a fresh ideological rationale in the aftermath of the great financial crisis. Drawing on a wealth of sources including interviews and unpublished papers, the book focuses on decisive points of transformational change in the party’s development raising a perennial concern of present-day debate – namely whether Labour is a party capable of transforming the ideological weather, shaping a new paradigm in British politics, or whether it is a party that should be content to govern within parameters established by its Conservative opponents. This text will be of interest to the general reader as well as scholars and students of British politics, British political party history, and the history of the British Labour Party since 1918.

Leaders of the Opposition

Leaders of the Opposition Pdf/ePub eBook Author: T. Heppell
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230369006
FileSize: 967kb
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Leaders of the Opposition by T. Heppell Summary

Timothy Heppell brings together a renowned group of contributors to consider the role of the Leader of the Opposition in British Politics. The book argues that the neglect of opposition studies needs to be addressed, especially given the increasing importance attached to the performance the Leader of the Opposition in the British political system.