Perestroika

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Gorbachev's Glasnost

Gorbachev's Glasnost Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9780890968925
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Gorbachev's Glasnost by Summary

"In Gorbachev's Glasnost: The Soviet Media in the First Phase of Perestroika, author Joseph Gibbs traces the development of glasnost as both concept and policy, from the Leninist idea of "criticism and self-criticism" to Gorbachev's attempt to modernize and reinterpret that doctrine to fit his own political goals and aspirations."--BOOK JACKET.

Perestroika and the Party

Perestroika and the Party Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Francesco Di Palma
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1789200210
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Perestroika and the Party by Francesco Di Palma Summary

Countless studies have assessed the dramatic reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev, but their analysis of the impact on European communism has focused overwhelmingly on the Soviet Union and Eastern bloc nations. This ambitious collection takes a much broader view, reconstructing and evaluating the historical trajectories of glasnost and perestroika on both sides of the Iron Curtain. Moving beyond domestic politics and foreign relations narrowly defined, the research gathered here constitutes a transnational survey of these reforms’ collective impact, showing how they were variably received and implemented, and how they shaped the prospects for “proletarian internationalism” in diverse political contexts.

Perestroika in Perspective

Perestroika in Perspective Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Padma Desai
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400859867
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Perestroika in Perspective by Padma Desai Summary

Mikhail Gorbachev's perestroika is a historic effort at restructuring the troubled Soviet economy. Wide-ranging in scope, harnessed with cultural and political reforms, it raises intriguing and important questions: Are Gorbachev's ideas different from the Kosygin-Brezhnev reform of 1965 that came to naught? What kinds of problems do the Russians have in understanding the market system? Who opposes perestroika? Do Gorbachev's proposals threaten his own future as Soviet leader? How does perestroika relate to a more general environment of openness, of glasnost? What happened at the June 1988 Party Conference? And, above all, is the old order really giving way to a new one? Or does Gorbachev aim at "capitalist icing on a socialist cake"?. To answer these questions and others, Padma Desai, a distinguished pioneer in the modern econometric analysis of the Soviet economy, has distilled from Gorbachev's myriad decrees the outlines of his strategy for doing away with the Soviet Union's long-term economic malaise. Focusing on the key areas of industry, agriculture, services, and foreign trade, she discusses specific blueprints for change and evaluates the possibilities for their success. Skillfully combining charts, photographs, cartoons, and quotes, this book offers a unique and coherent view of the strategy underlying Gorbachev's reform efforts to date--and does so gracefully and with sparkle, in terms completely understandable to the layperson. Originally published in 1989. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Children of Perestroika: Moscow Teenagers Talk About Their Lives and the Future

The Children of Perestroika: Moscow Teenagers Talk About Their Lives and the Future Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Deborah Adelman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317458036
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The Children of Perestroika: Moscow Teenagers Talk About Their Lives and the Future by Deborah Adelman Summary

This work provides an examination of US refugee policy since the 1960s, particularly as it has been applied to Cuba, Haiti and Central America. The authors also address world-wide refugee problems, proposing ideas for the 21st century.

Perestroika in Paris

Perestroika in Paris Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jane Smiley
Editor: Anchor
ISBN: 0525520368
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Perestroika in Paris by Jane Smiley Summary

NATIONAL BESTSELLER • From the Pulitzer Prize-winning and best-selling author: a captivating, brilliantly imaginative story of three extraordinary animals—and a young boy—whose lives intersect in Paris in this "feel-good escape” (The New York Times). Paras, short for "Perestroika," is a spirited racehorse at a racetrack west of Paris. One afternoon at dusk, she finds the door of her stall open and—she's a curious filly—wanders all the way to the City of Light. She's dazzled and often mystified by the sights, sounds, and smells around her, but she isn't afraid. Soon she meets an elegant dog, a German shorthaired pointer named Frida, who knows how to get by without attracting the attention of suspicious Parisians. Paras and Frida coexist for a time in the city's lush green spaces, nourished by Frida's strategic trips to the vegetable market. They keep company with two irrepressible ducks and an opinionated raven. But then Paras meets a human boy, Etienne, and discovers a new, otherworldly part of Paris: the ivy-walled house where the boy and his nearly-one-hundred-year-old great-grandmother live in seclusion. As the cold weather nears, the unlikeliest of friendships bloom. But how long can a runaway horse stay undiscovered in Paris? How long can a boy keep her hidden and all to himself? Jane Smiley's beguiling new novel is itself an adventure that celebrates curiosity, ingenuity, and the desire of all creatures for true love and freedom.

Perestroika From Below

Perestroika From Below Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Judith Sedaitis,Jim Butterfield
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000315371
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Perestroika From Below by Judith Sedaitis,Jim Butterfield Summary

This book represents the first comprehensive assessment of the world of social movements and collective action in the Soviet Union, and provides the information to expand our knowledge and potentially our comprehension of the dramatic processes taking place.

Perestroika In The Soviet Republics

Perestroika In The Soviet Republics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Charles F Furtado,Andrea Chandler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000315592
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Perestroika In The Soviet Republics by Charles F Furtado,Andrea Chandler Summary

"The political and economic changes that occurred in the Soviet Union in the six and one-half years of Mikhail Gorbachev's tenure as General Secretary were breathtaking in their scope and rapidity, going far beyond most observeiS' expectatiom. Certainly, the process of refonn which we call perestroilal transfonned the ossified one-party socialist state that had prevailed underGorbachev's predecessors. The reasons for embarking on such a coume of reform were varied-eamomic aism and a decline in the Soviet state's ability to provide social welfare services for its citizens, an increasingly apathetic population, and a tense international environment-all of these factoiS convinced the Soviet leadeiShip of the necessity of drastic change. The policies of Gorbachev set refonn in motion: freeing public expression (glllsnost); encouraging economic decentralization and private initiative; and creating a more cooperative relationship with the West."

Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media

Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian McNair
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134960220
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Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media by Brian McNair Summary

The reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev have brought tumultuous change to political, social and economic life in the Soviet Union. But how have these changes affected Soviet press and television reporting? Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media examines the changing role of Soviet journalism from its theoretical origins in the writings of Marx and Lenin to the new freedoms of the Gorbachev era. The book includes detailed analysis of contemporary Soviet media output, as well as interviews with Soviet journalists.

Perestroika!

Perestroika! Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kristen Renwick Monroe
Editor: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300130201
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Perestroika! by Kristen Renwick Monroe Summary

An examination of the movement that has turned the discipline of political science upside down This superb volume describes the events and ramifications of a revolt within the political science discipline that began in 2000 with a disgruntled e-mail message signed by one “Mr. Perestroika.” The message went to seventeen recipients who quickly forwarded it to others, and soon the Perestroika revolt became a major movement calling for change in the American political science community. What is the Perestroika movement? Why did it occur? What has it accomplished? What remains to be done? Most important, what does it tell us about the nature of political science, about methodological pluralism and diversity, about the process of publishing scholarly work, and about graduate education in the field? The contributors to the book—thoughtful political scientists who offer a variety of perspectives—set the Perestroika movement in historical and comparative contexts. They address many topics related to heart of the debate—a desire for tolerance of methodological diversity—and assess the changes that have come in the wake of Perestroika. For political scientists and their graduate students, and for those interested in the history or sociology of social sciences, this volume is essential reading.

Conversations with Gorbachev

Conversations with Gorbachev Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mikhail Gorbachev,Zdenek Mlynar
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231529279
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Conversations with Gorbachev by Mikhail Gorbachev,Zdenek Mlynar Summary

Mikhail Gorbachev and Zdenek Mlynar were friends for half a century, since they first crossed paths as students in 1950. Although one was a Russian and the other a Czech, they were both ardent supporters of communism and socialism. One took part in laying the groundwork for and carrying out the Prague spring; the other opened a new political era in Soviet world politics. In 1993 they decided that their conversations might be of interest to others and so they began to tape-record them. This book is the product of that “thinking out loud” process. It is an absorbing record of two friends trying to explain to one another their views on the problems and events that determined their destinies. From reminiscences of their starry-eyed university days to reflections on the use of force to “save socialism” to contemplation of the end of the cold war, here is a far more candid picture of Gorbachev than we have ever seen before.

Hard Times

Hard Times Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Moskoff
Editor: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9781563242144
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Hard Times by William Moskoff Summary

The precipitous decline of the Soviet population's standard of living in the last years of the USSR is one of the great ironies of the Gorbachev era. In Hard Times, economist William Moskoff takes a closer look at the objective and subjective experience of economic decline as it affected ordinary citizens. After an introductory survey of the Soviet economy during these years, Moskoff examines several key problems: the chronic shortages of food and consumer goods, so emblematic of Soviet life, and the hoarding, black marketeering, and corruption which scarcity fostered. Next he takes the measure of declining living standards in the late 1980s and early 1990s as reflected in prices and incomes, collapsing social programs, and rising indigency and homelessness. Employment, by contrast, shows a relatively small decline - a reflection of political rather than economic realities. In concluding chapters the population's response to the combined experience of political liberalization and economic distress is examined, with special attention to labor militancy and the radicalization of popular moods.

The Transformation Of Socialism

The Transformation Of Socialism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Melvin Gurtov
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000306445
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The Transformation Of Socialism by Melvin Gurtov Summary

This book is based on Conference on the Transformation of Socialism in the Soviet Union and China, and reveals a second feature of the conference: the candor of the presentations. It discusses the effects of the reforms on political processes and the development of socialism.

The Roots of Perestroika

The Roots of Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sidney Ploss
Editor: McFarland
ISBN: 0786457090
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The Roots of Perestroika by Sidney Ploss Summary

With new information from Russian archives, this work examines the historical roots of Gorbachev’s perestroika and the reforms that would eventually lead to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The controversies among Soviet leaders from Lenin to Gorbachev over party role, economic management, resource allocation, ethnic policies, legality and foreign relations are discussed. An appendix “reads between the lines” in historic Soviet texts, and a helpful list of Soviet leaders, with brief identifications, is included. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Chernenko, the Last Bolshevik

Chernenko, the Last Bolshevik Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ilya Zemtsov
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000675017
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Chernenko, the Last Bolshevik by Ilya Zemtsov Summary

Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko, a figure who appeared to the outside worid as a commonplace Russian bureaucrat cut from the mold of a Gogol short story, was elevated in 1984 to the post of general sec retary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union. Thus, a post held by such awesome, fearsome figures as Lenin and Stalin passed into the hands of someone perceived as a nondescript bureaucrat, de void of ideas or initiative, and crippled by old age and infirmity.A singular merit of this work is that it shows how far from the mark were these perceptions. This is the only full-length treatment of Chernenko. in contrast to the vast tomes written on his five predecessors as well as on the present incumbent, Mkrhail Gorbachev. The work delves into archival materials never before reported in either the East or West. The picture that emerges is not of some run-of-the-mill ap paratchik, but of a figure who in the con text of the Brezhnev era came forth with ideas that were revolutionary, at least in the sense of a realization of the deep mal aise into which Soviet economy and so ciety had fallen.Zemtsov's volume explains the paradox of a servile conservative member of th Politburo becoming an innovative, even courageous, leader during the thirteen fateful months he held Soviet power, it is a tribute to this effort at reconstruction that what emerges is a rounded human being and not simply a political actor. This analytical study of the transformation of a peasant into a politician fills out a missing link without which the current impulse to reform in the U.S.S.R. is hard to under stand or appreciate.

Beyond Perestroika

Beyond Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gary G. Gallopin
Editor: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042027355
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Beyond Perestroika by Gary G. Gallopin Summary

"This book investigates rapid societal change in Russia during the early 1990s. The story of the anthropologist (author) and the people he studied reveals cultural similarities and differences between them. Russians and Latvians taught the author about the Soviet Union, its people, and its cultures. Formal axiology provides a novel way to access their changing values."--BOOK JACKET.

The Soviet Union 1988-1989

The Soviet Union 1988-1989 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chris Harrison
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000305813
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The Soviet Union 1988-1989 by Chris Harrison Summary

First published in 1990. This volume of The Soviet Union 1988/89- the tenth in a series appearing since 1973- attempts to describe dramatic developments in domestic policy, problems of economic development, and efforts to change course in foreign policy and alter the image of the USSR in the international system.

Perestroika In Eastern Europe

Perestroika In Eastern Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gabor Revesz
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000315487
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Perestroika In Eastern Europe by Gabor Revesz Summary

In this analytical history of the reform process in Hungary, Gabor Revesz traces the country's efforts to transform a planned economy into a system of market socialism. He covers the assumptions, objectives, political pressures, and limitations that have shaped the reform.

Seven Years that Changed the World

Seven Years that Changed the World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Archie Brown
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191569356
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Seven Years that Changed the World by Archie Brown Summary

A rigorously argued and lively interpretation of the transformation of the Soviet system, the disintegration of the Soviet state, the end of the Cold War, and the role of Mikhail Gorbachev. Written by a leading authority on Soviet politics, this thoroughly researched book draws on new archival sources and puts perestroika in fresh perspective. Perestroika began as an attempt by a minority within the leadership of the Communist Party to reform the Soviet system. The decisive role was played by the new General Secretary, Mikhail Gorbachev. Perestroika (reconstruction) developed into an attempt to move from Communism to competitive elections and a market economy of a social democratic type. This 'revolution from above' had profound consequences, both intended and unintended. The latter included the dissolution of the Soviet state. Four of the ten chapters were written in 'real time' - in the second half of the 1980s while perestroika was still underway. The other six chapters provide an up-to-date discussion of such important issues as the stimuli to perestroika, its intellectual origins and development, its influence on other countries and their influence on developments in the Soviet Union, and the ending of the Cold War. Archie Brown takes issue with a number of popular interpretations of perestroika - and of the end of the Cold War - and draws on new archival sources in a book which is both clearly and vigorously argued and well documented.

The New Stage Of Perestroika

The New Stage Of Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Abel Aganbegyan,Timor Timofeyev
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000303942
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The New Stage Of Perestroika by Abel Aganbegyan,Timor Timofeyev Summary

This book focuses on the intrinsic linkage between Soviet radical domestic reforms—perestroika—and international economic changes, and their relationship to both internal stability and international security.

Art Judgements: Art on Trial in Russia after Perestroika

Art Judgements: Art on Trial in Russia after Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sandra Frimmel
Editor: Vernon Press
ISBN: 1648893554
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Art Judgements: Art on Trial in Russia after Perestroika by Sandra Frimmel Summary

An unusually large number of court cases against art, artists, and curators have taken place in Russia since the turn of the century. In reference to two of the most prominent, against the organizers of the exhibitions 'Caution, Religion!' and 'Forbidden Art 2006', the author examines the ways in which the meaning of art and its socio-political effects are argued in court: How do these trials attempt to establish a normative concept of art, and furthermore a binding juridical understanding of art? How is the discussion of what is permissible in art being framed in Russia today? Research into the post-Soviet art trials has been mainly journal-driven until today. Only the fairly recent trials of the Pussy Riot activists and Pyotr Pavlensky provoked lengthy publications, but these are mostly concerned with explicitly political and activist art rather than its particular discourse when on trial. This book, however, takes a scholarly approach towards (Russian) art on trial. It puts the cases in a national-historical context, which is compared from international perspectives, and particularly focuses on the way in which these proceedings have intensified juridical power over artistic freedom (of speech) in the production of art in Russia. This book will appeal to academics and students in the areas of art history, cultural science, sociology, and Slavic studies, as well as jurists, curators and museum specialists, researchers and employees in cultural institutions.

Gorbachev And His Enemies

Gorbachev And His Enemies Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Baruch A. Hazan
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429718462
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Gorbachev And His Enemies by Baruch A. Hazan Summary

This book is a source of raw material for critiques of Perestroika's scope and pace. It assesses the sources of opposition and support to Gorbachev and analyzes his strategies for attaining his goals, the foreign policy implications of his reform efforts, and his changes for long-term success.

Ukraine: Perestroika to Independence

Ukraine: Perestroika to Independence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: T. Kuzio
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 033398434X
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Ukraine: Perestroika to Independence by T. Kuzio Summary

The Ukrainian vote for independence in December 1991 effectively ended the existence of the Soviet Union, and propelled one of Europe's submerged nations on to the world stage. The main theme of the book is the transition in Ukraine from the policies of 'Perestroika' and 'Glasnost' to the ultimate break with Moscow.

Gorbachev and Perestroika

Gorbachev and Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin McCauley
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1349207268
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Gorbachev and Perestroika by Martin McCauley Summary

This book provides a narrative and analysis of the first four years of the Gorbachev phenomenon. All areas of great significance are covered. Special attention is paid to the economy, nationality affairs and foreign affairs. Gorbachev's standing abroad is much higher than at home. Seen by many abroad as a charismatic figure, he has still to convince the average worker and farmer that perestroika is good for them. The first four years present a fascinating tableau of Soviet change and resistance to change. This book provides the reader with the insights to understand the processes now under way in the largest country in the world. For those who wish to be informed about the Soviet Union and aim to follow events there, it will be required reading.

Perestroika Glasnost and Socialism

Perestroika Glasnost and Socialism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: K Vijayachandran
Editor: Partridge Publishing
ISBN: 1482813521
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Perestroika Glasnost and Socialism by K Vijayachandran Summary

Perestroika, Glasnost and Socialism is a collection of twenty articles written during the past quarter century. The book derives its socialist inspiration from the celebrated essay of Albert Einstein’s “Why Socialism? Reaction Strikes Europe.” The opening article written on the eve of disintegration of socialist camp gives a graphic picture on how the intellectual classes could engineer a counterrevolution with the help of USA and other developed countries. Liberation of a hundred nationalities from Czarist oppression and creation of a multinational state based on the principle of peaceful coexistence of diverse cultures was the most significant historical contribution by Soviet revolution. India, as a multinational country, has many things to learn from the Soviet experiment as well as the experience of CIS and the erstwhile CMEA countries. Articles on the development experience of India, reproduced in this collection, highlight the unfinished tasks of national liberation in a multinational country, ruled for long by anti-people coalitions of elite classes under the influence of imperialism and global monopoly capital. Experience of the post-Soviet era teaches that completion of national liberation is an essential precondition for the re-envisioning of socialism.

The "Children of Perestroika" Come of Age

The Author: Deborah Adelman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317458842
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The "Children of Perestroika" Come of Age by Deborah Adelman Summary

Demonstrates the relevance, rigor, and creativity of interpretive research methodologies for political science and its various sub-fields. Designed for use in a course on interpretive research methods, this book situates methods questions within the context of methodological questions - the character of social realities and their "know-ability."

Why Perestroika Failed

Why Perestroika Failed Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter J Boettke
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134886306
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Why Perestroika Failed by Peter J Boettke Summary

Perestroika was acclaimed in the west but brought empty shelves in the east. Why Perestroika Failed argues that this was inevitable because it was not based on a sound understanding of market and political processes. Even if the perestroika programme had been carried out to the full it would have failed to bring about the structural changes necessa

Perestroika at the Crossroads

Perestroika at the Crossroads Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alfred J. Rieber,Alvin Z. Rubinstein
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315489430
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Perestroika at the Crossroads by Alfred J. Rieber,Alvin Z. Rubinstein Summary

The contributors to this volume have undertaken an assessment of the Soviet Union as it enters the last decade of the 20th century. Organized to cover each major area of policy initiative (or response), the collection surveys the Gorbachev reform agenda and its successes and failures to date in various fields, including culture, economics, ideology, law, politics, federalism and the nationality problem, and foreign policy vis-a-vis the West, Eastern Europe and the Third World.

Soviet Society Under Perestroika

Soviet Society Under Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Lane
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134903030
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Soviet Society Under Perestroika by David Lane Summary

This is an up-to-the-minute revised edition of a text which, since its publication in 1990, has been extremely influential. The great changes of the past 18 months have entailed a comprehensive updating of the book. This edition takes account of new developments that include the independence of the Baltic states and the treaty which sparked 1991's attempted coup.

Hard Times: Impoverishment and Protest in the Perestroika Years - Soviet Union, 1985-91

Hard Times: Impoverishment and Protest in the Perestroika Years - Soviet Union, 1985-91 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Moskoff
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315287870
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Hard Times: Impoverishment and Protest in the Perestroika Years - Soviet Union, 1985-91 by William Moskoff Summary

The book offers guidance to aspiring historians at every stage and in every walk of life, from practical advice on tackling and organizing projects to recommendations for finding and using resources of all kinds, whether at the local library or historical society or on the world wide web. It is intended to be a serious guide to the best practices for researchers as well as a good read as a collection of research stories. The author includes useful bibliographies, vetted websites, and practical advice on doing research well.

Why Perestroika Failed

Why Perestroika Failed Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter J Boettke
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134886306
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Why Perestroika Failed by Peter J Boettke Summary

Perestroika was acclaimed in the west but brought empty shelves in the east. Why Perestroika Failed argues that this was inevitable because it was not based on a sound understanding of market and political processes. Even if the perestroika programme had been carried out to the full it would have failed to bring about the structural changes necessa

Perestroika in the Countryside: Agricultural Reform in the Gorbachev Era

Perestroika in the Countryside: Agricultural Reform in the Gorbachev Era Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Moskoff
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315489120
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Perestroika in the Countryside: Agricultural Reform in the Gorbachev Era by William Moskoff Summary

This book is a collection of seven papers originally given at the 1989 meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. The authors come from the fields of economics, history, and political science and are all specialists in the field of Soviet and East European agriculture. The first essay, by David Macey, assesses Gorbachev's agricultural reform in light of the experience of the Stolypin reforms at the beginning of the century. The essays by Jim Butterfield and Ed Cook examine the impediments to successful reform from the perspective of a political scientist and an economist. Karen Brooks and Don Van Atta concentrate their attention on the efforts to introduce lease contracting into agriculture. D.Gale Johnson's essay examines the economic effects of trade liberalization in agriculture. The final paper, by Michael Marrese, suggests that there are lessons for the Soviet Union to be learned from the Hungarian experience, namely, that the changes in agriculture must be comprehensive and that the party can win over popular support if its agricultural policies succeed.

Soviet Society Under Perestroika

Soviet Society Under Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Lane
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134903049
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Soviet Society Under Perestroika by David Lane Summary

This is an up-to-the-minute revised edition of a text which, since its publication in 1990, has been extremely influential. The great changes of the past 18 months have entailed a comprehensive updating of the book. This edition takes account of new developments that include the independence of the Baltic states and the treaty which sparked 1991's attempted coup.

The Soviet Ambassador

The Soviet Ambassador Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher Shulgan
Editor: McClelland & Stewart
ISBN: 1551992663
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The Soviet Ambassador by Christopher Shulgan Summary

Few realize that behind Mikhail Gorbachev’s Cold War-ending perestroika reforms stood an owlish figure who was just as important as the Soviet leader himself. Fewer still know the role Canada played in transforming Gorbachev’s advisor from a devout Stalinist to the most potent force for democracy and justice ever to walk the halls of the Kremlin. His name was Aleksandr Yakovlev. Today in an increasingly autocratic Russia he’s reviled as the man who brought down the Soviet empire–the "architect" of perestroika and the "godfather" of glasnost, who, some say, was the puppetmaster manipulating Gorbachev’s strings. Yakovlev is acknowledged to have devised the strategy that won Gorbachev the job of Soviet leader. After the Soviet collapse, Yakovlev was the only other man present as Gorbachev negotiated his transfer of power to Russian president Boris Yeltsin. In between, Yakovlev was behind every democratic measure Gorbachev instituted, leading the Pulitzer Prize-winning writer David Remnick to dub him "Gorbachev’s good angel." His origins were anything but democratic. As a youth, Yakovlev was a faithful Communist who idolized Stalin. By 1970 he had ascended to a position that controlled every media outlet in the Soviet Union, requiring him to plot repressive strategies against such dissidents as Solzhenitsyn and Sakharov But then a mis-step caused the Party to banish him from Moscow. A disgraced Yakovlev landed in the Cold War backwater of Ottawa working as the Soviet ambassador to Canada. His career should have been over. But Yakovlev’s diplomatic posting functioned as an education in Western democracy. He grew fascinated with elections, attended trials and became an expert in the machinations of a market economy. He also developed a close friendship with Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who helped arrange to bring Mikhail Gorbachev on his first visit to North America. It was in Canada that Gorbachev and Yakovlev struck up their friendship as they strategized for the first time the radical changes known as perestroika. Drawing on interviews with Yakovlev’s family and dozens of his friends, as well as never-before-disclosed archival research material, The Soviet Ambassador recounts Yakovlev’s tortuous evolution from Stalin’s acolyte to Stalinism’s nemesis, from faithful member of the Communist Party to liberal democrat engineering the same Party’s collapse. With profound implications for diplomacy in a conflict-driven age, Yakovlev’s story is also a remarkable testament to the power of conviction, and an inspiring account of an underdog overcoming injustice to improve the lives of his fellow citizens.

Socialism, Perestroika, And The Dilemmas Of Soviet Economic Reform

Socialism, Perestroika, And The Dilemmas Of Soviet Economic Reform Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John E Tedstrom
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000240126
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Socialism, Perestroika, And The Dilemmas Of Soviet Economic Reform by John E Tedstrom Summary

This book highlights that Soviet economic planners and politicians must come to recognize the need to make fundamental changes, not simply incremental refinements, in the failing Soviet system. It examines the dynamics of the process of perestroika and the complexity of individual economic issues.

Disarmament in the Time of Perestroika

Disarmament in the Time of Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Scott Ritter
Editor: SCB Distributors
ISBN: 194976267X
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Disarmament in the Time of Perestroika by Scott Ritter Summary

Disarmament in the Time of Perestroika is the definitive history of the implementation of the INF Treaty signed by Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan in all its complexities, and the lengths both sides went to “trust, but verify” this successful and unique historic disarmament process. It demonstrates how two nations fundamentally at odds with one another could come together and rid the world of weapons which threatened international peace and security and, indeed, all of humanity. Those engaged were pioneers in what was to be the new frontier of superpower arms control—on-site inspection—that would define compliance verification for future treaties and agreements to come. Their work represents not just a guide to but the standard upon which all future on-site inspections will be based and judged. Ritter traces in great detail the formation of the On-Site Inspection Agency, who was involved, and how a technologically advanced compliance verification system was installed outside the gates of one of the most sensitive military industrial facilities in the remote Soviet city of Votkinsk, nestled in the foothills of the Ural Mountains in the Soviet Union. He draws upon his own personal history— occasionally hilarious, occasionally fraught with peril— as well as the recollections of the other inspectors and personnel involved, and an extensive archive of reports and memoranda relating to the work of OSIA to tell the story of how OSIA was created, and the first three years of inspection operations at the Votkinsk portal monitoring facility. The Votkinsk Portal, circa December 1988, was the wild, wild East of arms control, a place where the inspectors and inspected alike were writing the rules of the game as it played out before them. This treaty implementation did not occur in a geopolitical vacuum. Ritter captures, on a human level, the historic changes taking place inside the Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev due to the new policies of perestroika and glasnost that gripped the Soviet Union during this time, and their real and meaningful impact on the lives of the Soviet people, and the economic functioning of the Soviet nation. Much of it was for the worse. The INF treaty was not only born of these new policies, but also helped trigger meaningful changes inside the Soviet Union due to the economic and political implications brought on by the cessation of missile production in a factory town whose lifeblood was missile production.

Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika

Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George E. Hudson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000280446
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Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika by George E. Hudson Summary

This book, first published in 1990, examines the nature and causes of the changes to Soviet national security policy under Gorbachev. Changes in leadership and institutional arrangements, economic policy, ideology and military involvement all fostered new patterns of cooperation and competition. Authors look at the historical, economic and cultural contexts of change and proceed to a discussion of change agents, such as modernization, technology and domestic politics. Specific components of foreign and military policy, such as arms control and relations with Western Europe, the Warsaw Pact and the Third World, are also examined.

Russian Corporate Capitalism From Peter the Great to Perestroika

Russian Corporate Capitalism From Peter the Great to Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas C. Owen
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195357141
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Russian Corporate Capitalism From Peter the Great to Perestroika by Thomas C. Owen Summary

From the three perspectives of geography, economic policy, and ideology, this work examines corporate capitalism under the tsarist and late Soviet regimes. Thomas C. Owen discovers a remarkable history of thwarted effort and lost opportunity. He explores the impact of bureaucratic restrictions and reveals the entrepreneurial capabilities of Russia's corporate founders from various social groups as well as the prominence of Poles, Germans, Jews, Armenians, and foreign citizens in the corporate elite of the Russian Empire and its ten largest cities. The study stresses continuities between tsarist and late Soviet periods, especially in the persistence of anti-capitalist attitudes, both radical and reactionary. A provocative final chapter considers the implications of the weak corporate heritage for the future of Russian capitalism.

Soviet Historians and Perestroika: The First Phase

Soviet Historians and Perestroika: The First Phase Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Donald J. Raleigh
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1315491796
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Soviet Historians and Perestroika: The First Phase by Donald J. Raleigh Summary

The Soviet historical profession is in ferment. For decades it was relegated to the task of obfuscating the past, gilding the status quo and papering over the "blank spots" in Soviet history - events that defied even the most brazen attempts at falsification. Today it is engaged in an often painful process of self-examination. Initially rather timid, the internal discussion was soon propelled by external events - the scuttling of history textbooks, official disclosures of formerly "classified" facts and the explosion of candour in the depictions of the past in memoirs, journalistic writing and fiction. This volume gives voice to the lead actors in the "first phase" of this process - the senior historians, their journalistic "challengers" and those charged with responsiblity for the institutions of research, training and publication in the field of history.

University Autonomy in Russian Federation Since Perestroika

University Autonomy in Russian Federation Since Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Olga Bain
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135954399
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University Autonomy in Russian Federation Since Perestroika by Olga Bain Summary

This study focuses on the national higher education policies and institutional strategies that foster or hinder individual Russian universities in applying newfound principles of autonomy. This new autonomy has become more dramatic with the decentralization of power, transition to the market economy, and severe state austerity since Perestroika. This book suggests a model of a university that utilizes its autonomous discretion to institute innovations that build on its potential so as to overcome adverse situations.

Human Rights in Russia

Human Rights in Russia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mary McAuley
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0857725858
FileSize: 459kb
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Human Rights in Russia by Mary McAuley Summary

Today Russia and human rights are both high on the international agenda. Since Putin returned to the presidency in 2012, domestic developments--from the prosecution of Pussy Riot to the release of Khodorkovsky--and Russia's global role, especially in relation to Ukraine, have captured the attention of the world. The role of human rights activism inside Russia is, therefore, coming under ever greater international scrutiny. Since 1991, when the Russian Federation became an independent state, hundreds of organisations have been created to champion human rights causes, with varying strategies, and successes. The response of the authorities has ranged from being supportive, or indifferent, to openly hostile. Based on archival research and practical experience working in the community, Mark McAuley here provides a clear and comprehensive analysis of the progress made by human rights organisations in Russia--and the challenges which will confront them in the future.

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