Sugar Gold

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Gold For Sugar

Gold For Sugar Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
ISBN: 1595845208
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Gold For Sugar by , Summary

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Guyana: From Slavery to the Present

Guyana: From Slavery to the Present Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ramesh Gampat
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1503546322
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Guyana: From Slavery to the Present by Ramesh Gampat Summary

It is common knowledge that slavery and indenture were characterized by long hours of physical labor, restriction of movement and other basic human freedoms, and severe punishment for violations of draconian labor laws. Less well known is the fact that nutrition was very deficient and a range of infectious diseases maimed, debilitated and killed on a large scale. In trying to narrow the knowledge gap with respect to Guyana, Ramesh Gampat shows that extremely poor sanitary conditions, awful hygiene and malnutrition hastened widespread infections and created a vicious cycle. The British protected its own soldiers, officials and colonists by establishing a medical enclave that lasted until Emancipation in 1838. Former slaves were then “quarantined” to neglected and decaying villages and Indians to plantations. Concern with health conditions appeared only during periods of epidemics and even then it was essentially for the protection of Europeans. Colonial medicine opened the way for stereotyping, labeling, racialization of disease, neutralization of potential leaders in the struggle for justice, and crystallization of the view that Europeans were superior to Blacks and Indians. Shorter stature and shorter life expectancy are good indications that slaves and indentured immigrants fared considerably less well than Europeans. Several infectious diseases sickened and fell Blacks and Indians, including malaria and undefined fevers, pneumonia and bronchitis, diarrhea and enteritis, tuberculosis, pneumonia and hookworm. The conquest of malaria in the early 1950s accelerated the epidemiological transition from communicable to chronic noncommunicable diseases, and today NCDs account for some three-quarters of all deaths in Guyana. Malaria has reemerged, fueled by a gold boom that consumes huge amounts of mercury. The potentially adverse public health consequences of this relatively new dynamic, the combined trio, have been neglected.

Sanatana Dharma and Plantation Hinduism (Second Edition Volume 1)

Sanatana Dharma and Plantation Hinduism (Second Edition Volume 1) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ramesh Gampat
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1796078018
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Sanatana Dharma and Plantation Hinduism (Second Edition Volume 1) by Ramesh Gampat Summary

Christian Missionaries worked hard to convert immigrants. Their first order of business was to denigrate Hinduism, designate Hindus as heathen, and disparage their culture, food and even attire. Immigrants stubbornly resisted, led by the tiny educated elite, including Brhmaas whom we call Brahmins. Conversion was a failure at least up to the end of the 19th century but picked up a self-generating momentum thereafter. The result is that the share of Hindus in Guyana’s Indian population declined from 83.5 percent in 1880 to 62.8 percent in 2012. The largest portion of the contraction was lost to Christianity. The loss notwithstanding, even a casual observer would conclude that Guyanese Hindus, at home and in the Diaspora, are a very religious people. Many of us do a jhandi or havan once annually; others do the more elaborate and costlier yajña, where everyone is welcome, once or twice in their lifetime. Most of us do a short daily puja – prayers, offerings, reading the stras and listening to bhajan – in our homes. An important, but perhaps unintended, way immigrants countered conversion to Christianity was an unplanned movement towards a “synthesis” that brought Hindus, regardless of caste or sect, under a “unitary form of Hinduism.” The “synthesis” began around the 1870s and was completed by the 1930s to the 1950s. Guyanese Hindus call the unified corpus of religious beliefs and practices that emerged from the “synthesis” Sanatana Dharma. Ramesh Gampat labels it Plantation Hinduism in this path-breaking book. The book argues that the brand of Hinduism practiced is inconsistent with Sanatana Dharma, called Vednta by the more philosophically inclined. Plantation Hinduism features an extraordinary dependence upon purohits (pandits), which has anaesthetized the Hindu mind and render him unable to think, question and inquire when it comes to Dharma. Rituals and bhakti have been degraded and turned into desire-motivated worship; devats have been misconstrued as Brahman rather than as limited manifestation of the one non-dual pure Consciousness; belief in the multiplicity of gods encourages image worship; and superstitions anchor Guyanese Hindus to tradition and mere belief. Plantation Hinduism is little more than desire-motivated actions, dogmas and superstitions. Absent is the idea that Sanatana Dharma is a spiritual science no less scientific than hard sciences, such as physics and astronomy. The central message of Vednta is the innate divinity of every person and the freedom to realize that divinity through anubhava, direct personal experience of Supreme Reality.

Colloidal Gold

Colloidal Gold Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323138810
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Colloidal Gold by , Summary

Since its introduction in 1971, the development and application of colloidal gold as a marker in electron microscopy has been phenomenal. This state-of-the art, multi-volume treatise provides researchers, technicians, teachers, and students with the most comprehensive coverage of the principles and methodology of colloidal gold microscopy available today. This universal method is applicable to most microscopical systems including optical microscopy, scanning, transmission and high voltage electron microscopy, and photoelectron, photon, fluorescent darkfield and epipolarization microscopy. Colloidal gold allows high and low resolution studies, enzyme and nucleic acid labeling, study of dynamic cellular processes, and virus detection. Principles, methods, and applications of colloidal gold methodology in cytochemistry and immunochemistry Methods for preparing colloidal gold particles of different sizes Protein A-gold, protein G-gold, and lectin-gold techniques The use of resins and thin cryosections Multiple labeling

The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808

The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. J. R. Russell-Wood
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421441209
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The Portuguese Empire, 1415-1808 by A. J. R. Russell-Wood Summary

Using the study of movement as a focus, Russell-Wood gains unique insight into the diversity, breadth, and balance between the competing interests and priorities that characterized the Portuguese culture and its expansion spanning four centuries' events on four different continents.

McIlhenny's Gold

McIlhenny's Gold Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey Rothfeder
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061844241
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McIlhenny's Gold by Jeffrey Rothfeder Summary

In this fascinating history, Jeffrey Rothfeder tells how, from a simple idea—the outgrowth of a handful of peppers planted on an isolated island on the Gulf of Mexico—a secretive family business emerged that would produce one of the best-known products in the world. A delectable and satisfying read for both Tabasco fans and business buffs, McIlhenny's Gold is the untold story of the continuing success of an eccentric, private company; a lively history of one of the most popular consumer products of all times; and an exploration of our desire to test the limits of human tolerance for fiery foods.

Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments

Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Nicholas Eastaugh,Valentine Walsh,Tracey Chaplin,Ruth Siddall
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136373853
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Pigment Compendium: A Dictionary of Historical Pigments by Nicholas Eastaugh,Valentine Walsh,Tracey Chaplin,Ruth Siddall Summary

The Pigment Compendium Dictionary is a comprehensive information source for scientists, art historians, conservators and forensic specialists. Drawn together from extensive analystical research into the physical and chemical properties of pigments, this essential reference to pigment names and synonyms describes the inter-relationship of different names and terms. The Dictionary covers the field worldwide from pre-history to the present day, from rock art to interior decoration, from ethnography to contemporary art. Drawing on hundreds of hard-to-obtain documentary sources as well as modern scientific data each term is discussed in detail, giving both its context and composition.

Plating for Gold: A Decade of Desserts from the World and National Pastry Team Championships

Plating for Gold: A Decade of Desserts from the World and National Pastry Team Championships Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Tish Boyle
Editor: Wiley Global Education
ISBN: 1118542797
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Plating for Gold: A Decade of Desserts from the World and National Pastry Team Championships by Tish Boyle Summary

Plating for Gold features 50 award-winning recipes for spectacular desserts from pastry chefs like Ewald Notter, Jacquy Pfeiffer, and Sebastien Cannone. Each recipe has easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions, and you will discover one-of-a-kind recipes like: Strawberry Soup, Vanilla Panna Cotta Napoleon, and Almond Tartlet, Hot Chocolate Soufflé, Ginger Mousse, Tropical Parfait, and Yin-Yang Flourless Chocolate Cake, as well as insight and advice from top pastry chefs on perfect plating.

The 2006 CIA World Factbook

The 2006 CIA World Factbook Pdf/ePub eBook Author: United States. Central Intelligence Agency
Editor: Good Press
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The 2006 CIA World Factbook by United States. Central Intelligence Agency Summary

"The 2006 CIA World Factbook" by United States. Central Intelligence Agency. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Beyond the Resources of Poverty

Beyond the Resources of Poverty Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sebnem Eroglu
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317174496
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Beyond the Resources of Poverty by Sebnem Eroglu Summary

This groundbreaking volume researches the lives of gecekondu settlers in the capital city of Turkey in order to understand how households cope with poverty and why some households are more successful than others in reducing their deprivation. It takes a critical stance towards existing conceptions such as household survival, livelihood and coping strategy and develops an alternative model based on four types of household response to poverty: income generation, income allocation, consumption and investment. In explaining household responses and their outcomes for poverty, the book demonstrates the role of different resources beyond income including social, economic and cultural capital. It emphasises broader structural factors such as labour market processes and state policies which influence the availability and/or benefit delivery capacity of household resources, and thereby moves beyond the dominant view which overemphasises the resilience of the poor. Gender divisions within the household are also examined. The book adopts an innovative method for measuring poverty. The new method combines 'objective' and subjective dimensions of deprivation to develop a unique way of addressing two central questions: what are those standards of living whose absence indicates deprivation, and how can the value of each standard of living be determined?

Migration, Mining, and the African Diaspora

Migration, Mining, and the African Diaspora Pdf/ePub eBook Author: B. Josiah
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230338011
FileSize: 534kb
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Migration, Mining, and the African Diaspora by B. Josiah Summary

From the late 1800s, African workers migrated to the mineral-rich hinterland areas of Guyana, mined gold, diamonds, and bauxite; diversified the country's economy; and contributed to national development. Utilizing real estate, financial, and death records, as well as oral accounts of the labor migrants along with colonial officials and mining companies' information stored in National Archives in Guyana, Great Britain, and the U.S. Library of Congress, the study situates miners into the historical structure of the country's economic development. It analyzes the workers attraction to mining from agriculture, their concepts of "order and progress," and how they shaped their lives in positive ways rather than becoming mere victims of colonialism. In this contentious plantation society plagued by adversarial relations between the economic elites and the laboring class, in addition to producing the strategically important bauxite for the aviation era of World Wars I & II, for almost a century the workers braved the ecologically hostile and sometimes deadly environments of the gold and diamond fields in the quest for El Dorado in Guyana.

A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels (Complete) Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery and Commerce by Sea and Land from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time

A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels (Complete) Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery and Commerce by Sea and Land from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert Kerr
Editor: Library of Alexandria
ISBN: 1465516123
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A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels (Complete) Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery and Commerce by Sea and Land from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time by Robert Kerr Summary

Nature and Wealth

Nature and Wealth Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Edward Barbier
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 113740339X
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Nature and Wealth by Edward Barbier Summary

Drawing on historical and contemporary evidence, this book argues that growing environmental degradation and wealth inequality are linked to how nature is exploited to create economic wealth. Ending the under-pricing of natural capital and insufficient human capital accumulation is essential to overcoming structural imbalance in modern economies.

Working Class Formation in Taiwan

Working Class Formation in Taiwan Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ming-sho Ho
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137399937
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Working Class Formation in Taiwan by Ming-sho Ho Summary

This book offers a fresh look at Taiwan's state workers in from the postwar period to the present day and examines the rise and fall of labor insurgency in the past two decades. Challenging the conventional image of docile working class, it unearths a series of workers resistance, hidden and public, in a high authoritarian era.

Social Research and Policy in the Development Arena

Social Research and Policy in the Development Arena Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Doornbos
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137548525
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Social Research and Policy in the Development Arena by Martin Doornbos Summary

The author focuses on the research-policy nexus in development studies, highlighting reciprocal orientations and interactions between the domains of social research and of policy and politics. He looks at instances where these domains are complementary and geared towards common objectives, but also with others marked by opposing rationales.

Bay of Secrets

Bay of Secrets Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rosanna Ley
Editor: Quercus Publishing
ISBN: 178087507X
FileSize: 406kb
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Bay of Secrets by Rosanna Ley Summary

The #1 Kindle Bestseller returns with a gorgeous summer read about romance, family and the secrets we keep from those we love. 'The perfect holiday companion' - Heat 'The ultimate feel-good read' - Candis 'Sun-soaked escapism' - Best ********** Spain, 1939 Following the wishes of her parents to keep her safe during the war, a young girl, Julia, enters a convent in Barcelona. Looking for a way to maintain her links to the outside world, she volunteers to help in a maternity clinic. But worrying adoption practices in the clinic force Sister Julia to decide how far she will go to help those placed in her care. England, 2012 Six months after her parents' shocking death, 34-year-old journalist and jazz enthusiast Ruby Rae has finally found the strength to pack away their possessions and sell the family home. But as she does so, she unearths a devastating secret that her parents, Vivien and Tom, had kept from her all her life. ******** SEE WHAT EVERYONE IS SAYING ABOUT ROSANNA LEY: 'An impeccably researched and deftly written narrative that kept me hooked until the end' - Kathryn Hughes, bestselling author of The Letter 'Loved it from start to finish. A brilliant holiday read' - Amazon reviewer 'Perfect for fans of Santa Montefiore, Victoria Hislop and Leah Fleming' - Candis 'On so many levels a fantastic read' - Amazon reviewer 'A fascinating story with engaging themes' - Dinah Jefferies, bestselling author of The Tea Planter's Wife 'Warm, enthralling, one of my favourite authors' - Amazon reviewer

Cuban Sugar Industry

Cuban Sugar Industry Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Curry-Machado
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230118887
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Cuban Sugar Industry by J. Curry-Machado Summary

Nineteenth-century Cuba led the world in sugar manufacture and technological innovation was central to this. Through the story of a group of forgotten migrant workers who anonymously contributed to Cuba's development, this book explores the development of the Cuban sugar industry and how the country became bound into global networks.

The Story of Land and Sea

The Story of Land and Sea Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Katy Simpson Smith
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062335960
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The Story of Land and Sea by Katy Simpson Smith Summary

Set in a small coastal town in North Carolina during the waning years of the American Revolution, this incandescent debut novel follows three generations of family—fathers and daughters, mother and son, master and slave, characters who yearn for redemption amidst a heady brew of war, kidnapping, slavery, and love. Drawn to the ocean, ten-year-old Tabitha wanders the marshes of her small coastal village and listens to her father’s stories about his pirate voyages and the mother she never knew. Since the loss of his wife Helen, John has remained land-bound for their daughter, but when Tab contracts yellow fever, he turns to the sea once more. Desperate to save his daughter, he takes her aboard a sloop bound for Bermuda, hoping the salt air will heal her. Years before, Helen herself was raised by a widowed father. Asa, the devout owner of a small plantation, gives his daughter a young slave named Moll for her tenth birthday. Left largely on their own, Helen and Moll develop a close but uneasy companionship. Helen gradually takes over the running of the plantation as the girls grow up, but when she meets John, the pirate turned Continental soldier, she flouts convention and her father’s wishes by falling in love. Moll, meanwhile, is forced into marriage with a stranger. Her only solace is her son, Davy, whom she will protect with a passion that defies the bounds of slavery. In this elegant, evocative, and haunting debut, Katy Simpson Smith captures the singular love between parent and child, the devastation of love lost, and the lonely paths we travel in the name of renewal.

Investment Ethics

Investment Ethics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lucy Adams
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656612196
FileSize: 700kb
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Investment Ethics by Lucy Adams Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Business Ethics, Corporate Ethics, grade: A, University of Leeds, language: English, abstract: The contemporary world of today functions on investment. There are many types of investment such as investment in property, shares, mutual funds, sugar, gold, oil, rice etcetera (Theodore , 1992). The list goes on and on with some forms of investment so inanely mundane like investment in over priced paintings by unknown artists that one is forced to shake their heads at the inanes of how far the concept of investment has come since its inception. Investment is described in dictionary as: “In finance, investment is the purchase of a financial product or other item of value with an expectation of favorable future returns. In general terms, investment means the use money in the hope of making more money. In business it is the purchase by a producer of a physical good, such as durable equipment or inventory, in the hope of improving future business.” Gambling on the other hand is almost as old as investment itself and its exact origins are unknown. Scientists believe that the ancient Romans would bet on the outcomes of chariot races and gladiator fights. It could be defined as: “...the wagering of money or something of material value on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning additional money and/or material goods. Typically, the outcome of the wager is evident within a short period (Linda , 2006).”

Global Goods and the Spanish Empire, 1492-1824

Global Goods and the Spanish Empire, 1492-1824 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: B. Aram,B. Yun-Casalilla
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137324058
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Global Goods and the Spanish Empire, 1492-1824 by B. Aram,B. Yun-Casalilla Summary

Drawing upon economic history, cultural studies, intellectual history and the history of science and medicine, this collection of case studies examines the transatlantic transfer and transformation of goods and ideas, with particular emphasis on their reception in Europe.