The Genocides

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"A ""A Problem From Hell""

Author: ,
Editor: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465050891
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"A ""A Problem From Hell"" by , Summary

A character-driven study of some of the darkest moments in our national history, when America failed to prevent or stop 20th-century campaigns to exterminate Armenians, Jews, Cambodians, Iraqi Kurds, Bosnians, and Rwandans.

Nigeria, Biafra, and Boko Haram: Ending the Genocides Through Multistate Solution

Nigeria, Biafra, and Boko Haram: Ending the Genocides Through Multistate Solution Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Osita Ebiem
Editor: Page Publishing Inc
ISBN: 1628383550
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Nigeria, Biafra, and Boko Haram: Ending the Genocides Through Multistate Solution by Osita Ebiem Summary

Since the unification of Southern and Northern Nigeria in 1914, the country has been rife with violence, poverty, inequity, and corruption. For decades it has barely functioned, and even now Nigerians face adversity in the absence of a pragmatic solution... In his book, “Nigeria, Biafra, and Boko Haram: Ending the Genocides Through Multistate Solution”, author Osita Ebiem fashions a compelling argument for finally partitioning Nigeria into distinct countries. Through the use of the multi-state solution and the principle of Self Determination, the widely diverse Nigerian ethnic identifications—Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa/Fulani—would be unimpeded in practicing their religious, cultural, and social differences and help initiate and accelerate growth, prosperity, end impunity and entrench sanity, law and order in the various emerging new countries.. With detailed precision, Ebiem explores the annals of Nigerian history and explains in clear terms the evolution of a country forced together by European commercial interests. The portrait of an utterly disastrous One Nigeria is often haunting and unbelievable; and though the country and its people have endured trauma beyond comprehension, Ebiem offers practical solutions, which can reroute Nigeria’s path and ultimately begin the long process of healing.

Balkan Genocides

Balkan Genocides Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Mojzes
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1442206659
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Balkan Genocides by Paul Mojzes Summary

During the twentieth century, the Balkan Peninsula was affected by three major waves of genocides and ethnic cleansings, some of which are still being denied today. In Balkan Genocides Paul Mojzes provides a balanced and detailed account of these events, placing them in their proper historical context and debunking the common misrepresentations and misunderstandings of the genocides themselves. A native of Yugoslavia, Mojzes offers new insights into the Balkan genocides, including a look at the unique role of ethnoreligiosity in these horrific events and a characterization of the first and second Balkan wars as mutual genocides. Mojzes also looks to the region's future, discussing the ongoing trials at the International Criminal Tribunal in Yugoslavia and the prospects for dealing with the lingering issues between Balkan nations and different religions. Balkan Genocides attempts to end the vicious cycle of revenge which has fueled such horrors in the past century by analyzing the terrible events and how they came to pass.

Worse Than War

Worse Than War Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Daniel Jonah Goldhagen
Editor: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 0786746564
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Worse Than War by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen Summary

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen's books are events. They stir passionate public debate among political and civic leaders, scholars, and the general public because they compel people to rethink the most powerful conventional wisdoms and stubborn moral problems of the day. Worse Than War gets to the heart of the phenomenon, genocide, that has caused more deaths in the modern world than military conflict. In doing so, it challenges fundamental things we thought we knew about human beings, society, and politics. Drawing on extensive field work and research from around the world, Goldhagen explores the anatomy of genocide—explaining why genocides begin, are sustained, and end; why societies support them, why they happen so frequently and how the international community should and can successfully stop them. As a great book should, Worse than War seeks to change the way we think and to offer new possibilities for a better world. It tells us how we might at last begin to eradicate this greatest scourge of humankind.

Propaganda and the Genocide in Indonesia

Propaganda and the Genocide in Indonesia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Saskia E. Wieringa,Nursyahbani Katjasungkana
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429802439
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Propaganda and the Genocide in Indonesia by Saskia E. Wieringa,Nursyahbani Katjasungkana Summary

In Indonesia, the events of 1st October 1965 were followed by a campaign to annihilate the Communist Party and its alleged sympathisers. It resulted in the murder of an estimate of one million people – a genocide that counts as one of the largest mass murders after WWII – and the incarceration of another million, many of them for a decade or more without any legal process. This drive was justified and enabled by a propaganda campaign in which communists were painted as atheist, hypersexual, amoral and intent to destroy the nation. To date, the effects of this campaign are still felt, and the victims are denied the right of association and freedom of speech. This book presents the history of the genocide and propaganda campaign and the process towards the International People’s Tribunal on 1965 crimes against humanity in Indonesia (IPT 1965), which was held in November 2015 in The Hague, The Netherlands. The authors, an Indonesian Human Rights lawyer and a Dutch academic examine this unique event, which for the first time brings these crimes before an international court, and its verdict. They single out the campaign of hate propaganda as it provided the incitement to kill so many Indonesians and why this propaganda campaign is effective to this day. The first book on this topic, it fills a significant gap in Asian Studies and Genocide Studies.

The Thirty-Year Genocide

The Thirty-Year Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Benny Morris,Dror Ze’evi
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674240081
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The Thirty-Year Genocide by Benny Morris,Dror Ze’evi Summary

From 1894 to 1924 three waves of violence swept across Anatolia, targeting the region’s Christian minorities. Benny Morris and Dror Ze’evi’s impeccably researched account is the first to show that the three were actually part of a single, continuing, and intentional effort to wipe out Anatolia’s Christian population and create a pure Muslim nation.

Constructing Genocide and Mass Violence

Constructing Genocide and Mass Violence Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Maureen S. Hiebert
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317755782
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Constructing Genocide and Mass Violence by Maureen S. Hiebert Summary

This book addresses two closely related questions: what is the process by which the relatively short and violent genocides of the twentieth century and beyond have occurred? Why have these instances of mass violence been genocidal and not some other form of state violence, repression, or conflict? Hiebert answers these questions by exploring the structures and processes that underpin the decision by political elites to commit genocide, focusing on a sustained comparison of two cases, the Nazi ' Final Solution' and the Cambodian genocide. The book clearly differentiates the structures and processes - contained within a larger overall process - that leads to genocidal violence. Uncovering the mechanisms by which societies (at least in the contemporary era) come to experience genocide as a distinct form of destruction and not some other form of mass or political violence, Hiebert is able to highlight a set of key process that lead to specifically genocidal violence. Providing an insightful contribution to the burgeoning literature in this area, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of genocide, international relations, and political violence.

The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives

The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Giorgia Donà
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131755714X
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The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives by Giorgia Donà Summary

This year marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Rwanda genocide. This volume, the product of over 20years of engagement with Rwanda and its diaspora, offers a timely reminder of the necessity of rethinking the genocide’s social history. Examining a range of marginal stories and using Rwanda as a case study, The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives’ analysis of the transformation of genocide into a powerful narrative of a nation establishes an innovative means of understanding the lived spaces of violence and its enduring legacy. In a distinctive approach to the social history of genocide, this book engages with the marginalised; foregrounds genocide’s untold stories; and uses the conceptual framework of the constellation of genocide narratives to create connections among multiple social actors and identify narrative themes that address the unequal power and interdependence of narratives. Adopting a multi-level narrative methodology that addresses the value of multiple narrative framings for understanding genocides, The Marginalised in Genocide Narratives will appeal to students and researchers interested in sociology, conflict and peace studies, history, African studies and narrative research. It may also appeal to policy-makers interested in genocide studies and contemporary social history.

Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians

Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stefanie Kappler,Sylvia Kasparian,Richard Godin,Joceline Chabot
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137564024
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Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians by Stefanie Kappler,Sylvia Kasparian,Richard Godin,Joceline Chabot Summary

The role of the mass media in genocide is multifaceted with respect to the disclosure and flow of information. This volume investigates questions of responsibility, denial, victimisation and marginalisation through an analysis of the media representations of the Armenian genocide in different national contexts.

99 - All you should know about the Genocide

99 - All you should know about the Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Ucom LLC,
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99 - All you should know about the Genocide by , Summary

The book 99 is part of the Recognize 1915 project, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, due in 2015. We believe that every person, irrespective of nationality, must recognize and condemn such crimes against humanity. Only by spreading awareness we may achieve a day when all genocides are only in past.

Genocide since 1945

Genocide since 1945 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Philip Spencer
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136293671
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Genocide since 1945 by Philip Spencer Summary

In 1948 the United Nations passed the Genocide Convention. The international community was now obligated to prevent or halt what had hitherto, in Winston Churchill’s words, been a "crime without a name", and to punish the perpetrators. Since then, however, genocide has recurred repeatedly. Millions of people have been murdered by sovereign nation states, confident in their ability to act with impunity within their own borders. Tracing the history of genocide since 1945, and looking at a number of cases across continents and decades, this book discusses a range of critical and inter-connected issues such as: why this crime is different, why exactly it is said to be "the crime of crimes" how each genocide involves a deadly triangle of perpetrators (with their collaborators), victims and bystanders as well as rescuers the different stages that genocides go through, from conception to denial the different explanations that have been put forward for why genocide takes place and the question of humanitarian intervention. Genocide since 1945 aims to help the reader understand how, when, where and why this crime has been committed since 1945, why it has proven so difficult to halt or prevent its recurrence, and what now might be done about it. It is essential reading for all those interested in the contemporary world.

Genocide in the Ottoman Empire

Genocide in the Ottoman Empire Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George N. Shirinian
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785334336
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Genocide in the Ottoman Empire by George N. Shirinian Summary

The final years of the Ottoman Empire were catastrophic ones for its non-Turkish, non-Muslim minorities. From 1913 to 1923, its rulers deported, killed, or otherwise persecuted staggering numbers of citizens in an attempt to preserve “Turkey for the Turks,” setting a modern precedent for how a regime can commit genocide in pursuit of political ends while largely escaping accountability. While this brutal history is most widely known in the case of the Armenian genocide, few appreciate the extent to which the Empire’s Assyrian and Greek subjects suffered and died under similar policies. This comprehensive volume is the first to broadly examine the genocides of the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks in comparative fashion, analyzing the similarities and differences among them and giving crucial context to present-day calls for recognition.


Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William D. Rubinstein
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317869958
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Genocide by William D. Rubinstein Summary

Genocide is a topic beset by ambiguities over meaning and double standards. In this stimulating and gripping history, William Rubinstein sets out to clarify the meaning of the term genocide and its historical evolution, and provides a working definition that informs the rest of the book. He makes the important argument that each instance of genocide is best understood within a particular historical framework and provides an original chronology of these distinct frameworks. In the final part of the book he critically examines a number of alleged past and recent genocides: from native Americans, slavery, the Irish famine, homosexuals and gypsies in the Nazi concentration camps, Yugoslavia, Rwanda through to the claims of pro-lifers and anti-abortionists.

Genocide in Libya

Genocide in Libya Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ali Abdullatif Ahmida
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000169367
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Genocide in Libya by Ali Abdullatif Ahmida Summary

This original research on the forgotten Libyan genocide specifically recovers the hidden history of the fascist Italian concentration camps (1929–1934) through the oral testimonies of Libyan survivors. This book links the Libyan genocide through cross-cultural and comparative readings to the colonial roots of the Holocaust and genocide studies. Between 1929 and 1934, thousands of Libyans lost their lives, directly murdered and victim to Italian deportations and internments. They were forcibly removed from their homes, marched across vast tracks of deserts and mountains, and confined behind barbed wire in 16 concentration camps. It is a story that Libyans have recorded in their Arabic oral history and narratives while remaining hidden and unexplored in a systematic fashion, and never in the manner that has allowed us to comprehend and begin to understand the extent of their existence. Based on the survivors’ testimonies, which took over ten years of fieldwork and research to document, this new and original history of the genocide is a key resource for readers interested in genocide and Holocaust studies, colonial and postcolonial studies, and African and Middle Eastern studies.

The United States and Genocide

The United States and Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeffrey S. Bachman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 135169216X
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The United States and Genocide by Jeffrey S. Bachman Summary

There exists a dominant narrative that essentially defines the US’ relationship with genocide through what the US has failed to do to stop or prevent genocide, rather than through how its actions have contributed to the commission of genocide. This narrative acts to conceal the true nature of the US’ relationship with many of the governments that have committed genocide since the Holocaust, as well as the US’ own actions. In response, this book challenges the dominant narrative through a comprehensive analysis of the US’ relationship with genocide. The analysis is situated within the broader genocide studies literature, while emphasizing the role of state responsibility for the commission of genocide and the crime’s ancillary acts. The book addresses how a culture of impunity contributes to the resiliency of the dominant narrative in the face of considerable evidence that challenges it. Bachman’s narrative presents a far darker relationship between the US and genocide, one that has developed from the start of the Genocide Convention’s negotiations and has extended all the way to present day, as can be seen in the relationships the US maintains with potentially genocidal regimes, from Saudi Arabia to Myanmar. This book will be of interest to scholars, postgraduates, and students of genocide studies, US foreign policy, and human rights. A secondary readership may be found in those who study international law and international relations.

Colonialism and Genocide

Colonialism and Genocide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dirk Moses,Dan Stone
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317997522
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Colonialism and Genocide by Dirk Moses,Dan Stone Summary

Previously published as a special issue of Patterns of Prejudice, this is the first book to link colonialism and genocide in a systematic way in the context of world history. It fills a significant gap in the current understanding on genocide and the Holocaust, which sees them overwhelmingly as twentieth century phenomena. This book publishes Lemkin’s account of the genocide of the Aboriginal Tasmanians for the first time and chapters cover: the exterminatory rhetoric of racist discourses before the ‘scientific racism’ of the mid-nineteenth century Charles Darwin’s preoccupation with the extinction of peoples in the face of European colonialism, a reconstruction of a virtually unknown case of ‘subaltern genocide’ global perspective on the links between modernity and the Holocaust Social theorists and historians alike will find this a must-read.

Genocide and Settler Society

Genocide and Settler Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: A. Dirk Moses
Editor: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782381694
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Genocide and Settler Society by A. Dirk Moses Summary

Colonial Genocide has been seen increasingly as a stepping-stone to the European genocides of the twentieth century, yet it remains an under-researched phenomenon. This volume reconstructs instances of Australian genocide and for the first time places them in a global context. Beginning with the arrival of the British in 1788 and extending to the 1960s, the authors identify the moments of radicalization and the escalation of British violence and ethnic engineering aimed at the Indigenous populations, while carefully distinguishing between local massacres, cultural genocide, and genocide itself. These essays reflect a growing concern with the nature of settler society in Australia and in particular with the fate of the tens of thousands of children who were forcibly taken away from their Aboriginal families by state agencies. Long considered a relatively peaceful settlement, Australian society contained many of the pathologies that led to the exterminatory and eugenic policies of twentieth century Europe.

The Genocide Debate

The Genocide Debate Pdf/ePub eBook Author: D. Beachler
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230337635
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The Genocide Debate by D. Beachler Summary

Neither a case study of a particular genocide nor a work of comparative genocide, this book explores the political constraints and imperatives that motivate debates about genocide in the academic world and, to a lesser extent, in the political arena. The book is an analysis of the ways that political interests shape discourse about genocide.

Documents on the Genocide Convention from the American, British, and Russian Archives

Documents on the Genocide Convention from the American, British, and Russian Archives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Anton Weiss-Wendt
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350076686
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Documents on the Genocide Convention from the American, British, and Russian Archives by Anton Weiss-Wendt Summary

This document collection highlights the legal challenges, historical preconceptions, and political undercurrents that had informed the UN Genocide Convention, its form, contents, interpretation, and application. Featuring 436 documents from thirteen repositories in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Russia, the collection is an essential resource for students and scholars working in the field of comparative genocide studies. The selected records span the Cold War period and reflect on specific issues relevant to the Genocide Convention, as established at the time by the parties concerned. The types of documents reproduced in the collection include interoffice correspondence, memorandums, whitepapers, guidelines for national delegations, commissioned reports, draft letters, telegrams, meeting minutes, official and unofficial inquiries, formal statements, and newspaper and journal articles. On a classification curve, the featured records range from unrestricted to top secret. Taken in the aggregate, the documents reproduced in this collection suggest primacy of politics over humanitarian and/or legal considerations in the UN Genocide Convention.

Popular Music Censorship in Africa

Popular Music Censorship in Africa Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Martin Cloonan
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317078071
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Popular Music Censorship in Africa by Martin Cloonan Summary

In Africa, tension between freedom of expression and censorship in many contexts remains as contentious, if not more so, than during the period of colonial rule which permeated the twentieth century. Over the last one hundred years popular musicians have not been free to sing about whatever they wish to, and in many countries they are still not free to do so. This volume brings together the latest research on censorship in colonial and post-colonial Africa, focusing on the attempts to censor musicians and the strategies of resistance devised by musicians in their struggles to be heard. For Africa, the twentieth century was characterized first and foremost by struggles for independence, as colonizer and colonized struggled for territorial control. Throughout this period culture was an important contested terrain in hegemonic and counter-hegemonic struggles and many musicians who aligned themselves with independence movements viewed music as an important cultural weapon. Musical messages were often political, opposing the injustices of colonial rule. Colonial governments reacted to counter-hegemonic songs through repression, banning songs from distribution and/or broadcast, while often targeting the musicians with acts of intimidation in an attempt to silence them. In the post-independence era a disturbing trend has occurred, in which African governments have regularly continued to practise censorship of musicians. However, not all attempts to silence musicians have emanated from government, nor has all contested music been strictly political. Religious and moral rationale has also featured prominently in censorship struggles. Both Christian and Muslim fundamentalism has led to extreme attempts to silence musicians. In response, musicians have often sought ways of getting their music and message heard, despite censorship and harassment. The book includes a special section on case studies that highlight issues of nationality.