The Social Contract

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THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

THE SOCIAL CONTRACT Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
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ISBN: 8027243181
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THE SOCIAL CONTRACT by Summary

This eBook edition of "The Social Contract" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.

The Social Contract

The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
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The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau is a 1762 book about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. Social contract theory is the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among them to form the society in which they live. After Hobbes, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are the best known proponents of this enormously influential theory, which has been one of the most dominant theories within moral and political theory throughout the history of the modern West.

Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings

Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014193199X
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Of The Social Contract and Other Political Writings by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

'Man was born free, and everywhere he is in chains.' These are the famous opening words of a treatise that has stirred vigorous debate ever since its first publication in 1762. Rejecting the view that anyone has a natural right to wield authority over others, Rousseau argues instead for a pact, or 'social contract', that should exist between all the citizens of a state and that should be the source of sovereign power. From this fundamental premise, he goes on to consider issues of liberty and law, freedom and justice, arriving at a view of society that has seemed to some a blueprint for totalitarianism, to others a declaration of democratic principles. Translated by Quintin Hoare With a new introduction by Christopher Bertram

Emile & The Social Contract

Emile & The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN: 8027243173
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Emile & The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

This eBook has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. Emile, or On Education is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man. Jean-Jacques Rousseau considered it to be the "best and most important" of all his writings. Due to a section of the book entitled "Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar", Emile was banned in Paris and Geneva and was publicly burned in 1762, the year of its first publication. During the French Revolution, Emile served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education. The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights, is a book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.

The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls

The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Boucher,Paul Kelly
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134839685
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The Social Contract from Hobbes to Rawls by David Boucher,Paul Kelly Summary

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract

Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191611158
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Discourse on Political Economy and The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

What We Owe Each Other

What We Owe Each Other Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Minouche Shafik
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691220271
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What We Owe Each Other by Minouche Shafik Summary

From one of the leading policy experts of our time, an urgent rethinking of how we can better support each other to thrive Whether we realize it or not, all of us participate in the social contract every day through mutual obligations among our family, community, place of work, and fellow citizens. Caring for others, paying taxes, and benefiting from public services define the social contract that supports and binds us together as a society. Today, however, our social contract has been broken by changing gender roles, technology, new models of work, aging, and the perils of climate change. Minouche Shafik takes us through stages of life we all experience—raising children, getting educated, falling ill, working, growing old—and shows how a reordering of our societies is possible. Drawing on evidence and examples from around the world, she shows how every country can provide citizens with the basics to have a decent life and be able to contribute to society. But we owe each other more than this. A more generous and inclusive society would also share more risks collectively and ask everyone to contribute for as long as they can so that everyone can fulfill their potential. What We Owe Each Other identifies the key elements of a better social contract that recognizes our interdependencies, supports and invests more in each other, and expects more of individuals in return. Powerful, hopeful, and thought-provoking, What We Owe Each Other provides practical solutions to current challenges and demonstrates how we can build a better society—together.

Rousseau's 'The Social Contract'

Rousseau's 'The Social Contract' Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher D. Wraight
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441120955
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Rousseau's 'The Social Contract' by Christopher D. Wraight Summary

Rousseau's The Social Contract is one of the most important works of political thought in the history of philosophy. Since its publication in 1762, it has been profoundly influential in shaping the historical developments of many societies and remains sharply relevant today. In Rousseau's 'The Social Contract': A Reader's Guide, Chris Wraight offers a clear and thorough account of Rousseau's work, a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will allow readers to rapidly navigate the text. The book explores all the important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of its reception and influence. Wraight highlights how the central themes are relevant today, both to current philosophical debate and wider current affairs. Geared towards the specific requirements of students coming to Rousseau's work for the first time, this is the ideal companion to the study of this most unique and influential of texts.

Controlling Corruption

Controlling Corruption Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bo Rothstein
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192647938
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Controlling Corruption by Bo Rothstein Summary

This book presents a radically new approach of how societies can bring corruption under control. Since the late 1990s, the detrimental effects of corruption to human well-being have become well established in research. This has resulted in a stark increase in anti-corruption programs launched by international organizations such as the World Bank, the African Union, the EU, as well as many national development organizations. Despite these efforts, evaluations of the effects of these anti-corruption programs have been disappointing. As it can be measured, it is difficult to find substantial effects from such anti-corruption programs. The argument in this book is that this huge policy failure can be explained by three factors. Firstly, it argues that the corruption problem has been poorly conceptualized since what should count as the opposite of corruption has been left out. Secondly, the problem has been located in the wrong social spaces. It is neither a cultural nor a legal problem. Instead, it is for the most part located in what organization theory defines as the 'standard operating procedures' in social organizations. Thirdly, the general theory that has dominated anti-corruption efforts — the principal-agent theory — is based on serious misspecification of the basic nature of the problem. The book presents a reconceptualization of corruption and a new theory — drawing on the tradition of the social contract - to explain it and motivate policies of how to get corruption under control. Several empirical cases serve to underpin this new theory ranging from the historical organization of religious practices to specific social policies, universal education, gender equality, and auditing. Combined, these amount to a strategic theory known as 'the indirect approach'.

Politics of Romanticism

Politics of Romanticism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Zoe Beenstock
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474410235
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Politics of Romanticism by Zoe Beenstock Summary

The Politics of Romanticism examines the relationship between two major traditions which have not been considered in conjunction: British Romanticism and social contract philosophy. She argues that an emerging political vocabulary was translated into a literary vocabulary in social contract theory, which shaped the literature of Romantic Britain, as well as German Idealism, the philosophical tradition through which Romanticism is more usually understood. Beenstock locates the Romantic movement's coherence in contract theory's definitive dilemma: the critical disruption of the individual and the social collective. By looking at the intersection of the social contract, Scottish Enlightenment philosophy, and canonical works of Romanticism and its political culture, her book provides an alternative to the model of retreat which has dominated accounts of Romanticism of the last century.

The Social Contract of the Firm

The Social Contract of the Firm Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lorenzo Sacconi
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642573002
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The Social Contract of the Firm by Lorenzo Sacconi Summary

In order to survive as a social institution a firm needs a constitutional social contract, even though implicit, among its stakeholders. This social contract must exist if an institution is to be justified. The book focuses on two main issues: To find out the terms of the hypothetical agreement among the firm's stakeholders in an ex ante perspective and to understand the endogenous mechanism generating appropriate incentives that induce to comply with the social contract itself, as seen in the ex post perspective.

Confessions & The Social Contract

Confessions & The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN: 8026892992
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Confessions & The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

This carefully crafted ebook: "Confessions & The Social Contract" is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents. "Confessions" is an autobiographical book which covers the first fifty-three years of Rousseau's life, up to 1765. It was completed in 1769, but not published until 1782, four years after Rousseau's death, even though Rousseau did read excerpts of his manuscript publicly at various salons and other meeting places. He wrote of his own life mainly in terms of his worldly experiences and personal feelings. In "The Social Contract" Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.

Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World

Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ryan Muldoon
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134793618
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Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World by Ryan Muldoon Summary

Very diverse societies pose real problems for Rawlsian models of public reason. This is for two reasons: first, public reason is unable accommodate diverse perspectives in determining a regulative ideal. Second, regulative ideals are unable to respond to social change. While models based on public reason focus on the justification of principles, this book suggests that we need to orient our normative theories more toward discovery and experimentation. The book develops a unique approach to social contract theory that focuses on diverse perspectives. It offers a new moral stance that author Ryan Muldoon calls, "The View From Everywhere," which allows for substantive, fundamental moral disagreement. This stance is used to develop a bargaining model in which agents can cooperate despite seeing different perspectives. Rather than arguing for an ideal contract or particular principles of justice, Muldoon outlines a procedure for iterated revisions to the rules of a social contract. It expands Mill's conception of experiments in living to help form a foundational principle for social contract theory. By embracing this kind of experimentation, we move away from a conception of justice as an end state, and toward a conception of justice as a trajectory. Listen to Robert Talisse interview Ryan Muldoon about Social Contract Theory for a Diverse World on the podcast, New Books in Philosophy: http://tinyurl.com/j9oq324 Also, read Ryan Muldoon’s related Niskanen Center article, "Diversity and Disagreement are the Solution, Not the Problem," published Jan. 10, 2017: https://niskanencenter.org/blog/diversity-disagreement-solution-not-problem/

Leviathan

Leviathan Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Hobbes
Editor: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1504062868
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Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes Summary

The seventeenth-century work of political philosophy that brought us the concept of the social contract. Considered by many to be as influential and provocative as Machiavelli’s The Prince, Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, written during the English Civil War, argues that only a people united under a strong sovereign can resist the forces of chaos. Exploring such concepts as the state of nature and the need to escape it, the value of a commonwealth, the advantages of a monarchy, and the role of religion in civil society, Leviathan is a controversial and challenging landmark in the history of political thought.

Democratic Justice and the Social Contract

Democratic Justice and the Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Albert Weale
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191507555
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Democratic Justice and the Social Contract by Albert Weale Summary

This book offers a theory of democratic justice. According to the theory, justice emerges from collective agreement among political associates who enjoy approximate equality of power. Such situations can be seen as social contracts, and we find an empirical model for social contracts in the examples of successful common property resource regimes. In these regimes, participants craft collective rules of access to the means of production on an equal basis and producers are entitled to the full fruits of their labour. To interpret this theoretically an account of practical rationality in terms of individual and public deliberation is required. In tracing the move from small scale to large scale societies, three important transformations become apparent: in political institutions; in the economy; and in the functions of the household. All are relevant to the understanding of justice. In great societies representative parties making policy and law in shifting coalitions in parliaments elected by proportional representation exemplify political equality and so instance one form of democratic justice. In the economy corporate hierarchies modify the full fruits principles, not always in the direction of justice. Redistribution is justified as a means of smoothing income across the life-cycle, rather than by appeal to economies of scale or a simple principle of need. The sense of democratic justice requires commitment to the maintenance of those institutions that protect common interests, whilst acknowledging where there are differences of interest. This sense of democratic justice needs to be upheld by effective governance.

A Discourse on Inequality

A Discourse on Inequality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: Open Road Media
ISBN: 150403547X
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A Discourse on Inequality by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

A fascinating examination of the relationship between civilization and inequality from one of history’s greatest minds The first man to erect a fence around a piece of land and declare it his own founded civil society—and doomed mankind to millennia of war and famine. The dawn of modern civilization, argues Jean-Jacques Rousseau in this essential treatise on human nature, was also the beginning of inequality. One of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment, Rousseau based his work in compassion for his fellow man. The great crime of despotism, he believed, was the raising of the cruel above the weak. In this landmark text, he spells out the antidote for man’s ills: a compassionate revolution to pull up the fences and restore the balance of mankind. This ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.

Modern Social Contract Theory

Modern Social Contract Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Albert Weale
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192594990
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Modern Social Contract Theory by Albert Weale Summary

Modern Social Contract Theory provides an exposition and evaluation of major work in social contract theory from 1950 to the present. It locates the central themes of that theory in the intellectual legacy of utilitarianism, particularly the problems of defining principles of justice and of showing the grounds of moral obligation. It demonstrates how theorists responded in a novel way to the dilemmas articulated in utilitarianism, developing in their different approaches a constructivist method in ethics, a method that aimed to vindicate a liberal, democratic and just political order. A distinctive feature of the book is its comparative approach. By placing the works of Barry, Buchanan and Tullock, Harsanyi, Gauthier, Grice, Rawls, and Scanlon alongside one another, similarities and differences are brought out, most notably in the way in which principles are derived by each author from the contractual construction as well as the extent to which the obligation to adopt those principles can be rationally grounded. Each theory is placed in its particular intellectual context. Special attention is paid to the contrasting theories of rationality adopted by the different authors, whether that be utility theory or a deliberative conception of rationality, with the intention of assessing how far the principles advanced can be justified by reference to the hypothetical choices of rational contracting agents. The book concludes with a discussion of some principal objections to the enterprise of contract theory, and offers its own programme for the future of that theory taking the form of the empirical method.

On the Social Contract

On the Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486111806
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On the Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

A milestone of political science, Rousseau's 1762 work argues that all government is fundamentally flawed and that modern society is rife with inequality. He proposes an alternative system for the development of self-governing, self-disciplined citizens.

Social Contract

Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean Jacques Rousseau
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451602227
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Social Contract by Jean Jacques Rousseau Summary

In Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourses on the Origin of Inequality, he outlines his own history of the development of human society. He explains in general terms how the differences between social and economic classes arose alongside the formation of modern states. He also explores the means by which these inequalities were actually built into and perpetuated by the foundational notions of modern society and government. Rather than endorse a return to the peaceful ways of pre-modern human beings, Rousseau addresses these inequalities in his seminal work, The Social Contract. Rousseau does not see government as an inherently corrupting influence, and he makes very clear and precise recommendations about how the state can and should protect the equality and character of its citizens.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Rousseau and the Social Contract

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Rousseau and the Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christopher Bertram
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134633955
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Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Rousseau and the Social Contract by Christopher Bertram Summary

Rousseau's Social Contract is a benchmark in political philosophy and has influenced moral and political thought since its publication. Rousseau and the Social Contract introduces and assesses: *Rousseau's life and the background of the Social Contract *The ideas and arguments of the Social Contract *Rousseau's continuing importance to politics and philosophy Rousseau and the Social Contract will be essential reading for all students of philosophy and politics, and anyone coming to Rousseau for the first time.

A Theory of Justice

A Theory of Justice Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John RAWLS
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042603
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A Theory of Justice by John RAWLS Summary

Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

Private Property, Freedom, and Order

Private Property, Freedom, and Order Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mehmet Kanatli
Editor: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1000507130
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Private Property, Freedom, and Order by Mehmet Kanatli Summary

This book looks at how the ideas of freedom, property, and order are expressed in modern social contract theories (SCTs). Drawing on the theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls, it studies how notions of freedom promulgated by these SCTs invariably legitimise and defend the private ownership of the means of production. It argues that capitalism’s impact on individual dependence and economic inequality still stems from this model, ultimately working in favour of proprietors. The author highlights the problematic nature of SCTs, which work as ideological mechanisms put forward under the guise of formal equality and formal freedom, by focusing on the historical and social context behind them. From a methodological point of view, the author presents a de-ideologization of the contractarian issue and provides insight into the political ‘layers’ within the discourse of individualism, human nature and morality shaping the outer corners of contractarian theory. An important intervention in the study of SCTs, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of political and social theory, sociology, political history, and political philosophy.

Confessions & Emile

Confessions & Emile Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN: 8027243157
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Confessions & Emile by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

"Confessions" is an autobiographical book which covers the first fifty-three years of Rousseau's life, up to 1765. It was completed in 1769, but not published until 1782, four years after Rousseau's death, even though Rousseau did read excerpts of his manuscript publicly at various salons and other meeting places. He wrote of his own life mainly in terms of his worldly experiences and personal feelings. "Emile, or On Education" or "Émile, or Treatise on Education" is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man. Jean-Jacques Rousseau considered it to be the "best and most important" of all his writings. During the French Revolution, Emile served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education. Rousseau seeks to describe a system of education that would enable the natural man he identifies in The Social Contract (1762) to survive corrupt society. Emile is scarcely a detailed parenting guide but it does contain some specific advice on raising children. It is regarded by some as the first philosophy of education in Western culture to have a serious claim to completeness, as well as being one of the first Bildungsroman novels.

The Social Contract

The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Cosimo, Inc.
ISBN: 1605203971
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The Social Contract by Summary

Wise men, if they try to speak their language to the common herd instead of its own, cannot possibly make themselves understood. There are a thousand kinds of ideas which it is impossible to translate into popular language. Conceptions that are too general and objects that are too remote are equally out of its range: each individual, having no taste for any other plan of government than that which suits his particular interest, finds it difficult to realize the advantages he might hope to draw from the continual privations good laws impose. -from VII: "The Legislator" How does human nature impact politics and government? What is the "social contract," and what are our obligations to it? Is the "general will" infallible? What are the limits of sovereign power? What are the marks of "good government"? What constitutes the death of the body politic? How can we check the usurpations of government? Swiss philosopher JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778) was a dramatic influence on the French revolution, 19th-century communism, the American Founding Fathers, and much modern political thought, primarily through this 1762 work, his most influential. Here, he explores concepts of civil society, human sovereignty, and effective government that continue to be debated-and not yet settled-in the 21st century. A classic of modern thought, this is required reading for anyone wishing to be considered well educated.

Justice and the Social Contract

Justice and the Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Samuel Freeman
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199725063
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Justice and the Social Contract by Samuel Freeman Summary

Samuel Freeman was a student of the influential philosopher John Rawls, he has edited numerous books dedicated to Rawls' work and is arguably Rawls' foremost interpreter. This volume collects new and previously published articles by Freeman on Rawls. Among other things, Freeman places Rawls within historical context in the social contract tradition, and thoughtfully addresses criticisms of this position. Not only is Freeman a leading authority on Rawls, but he is an excellent thinker in his own right, and these articles will be useful to a wide range of scholars interested in Rawls and the expanse of his influence.

The Social Contract & Discourse on Inequality

The Social Contract & Discourse on Inequality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN: 8026892941
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The Social Contract & Discourse on Inequality by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; or, Principles of Political Rights by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1754). The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right. In "Discourse on Inequality" or "Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men" Rousseau first exposes in this work his conception of a human state of nature, presented as a philosophical fiction (like a work by Thomas Hobbes, unlike those by John Locke), and of human perfectibility, an early idea of progress. He then explains the way, according to him, people may have established civil society, which leads him to present private property as the original source and basis of all inequality. Contents: The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy

Minimal Morality

Minimal Morality Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Moehler
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191089028
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Minimal Morality by Michael Moehler Summary

Michael Moehler develops a novel multilevel social contract theory. In contrast to existing theories in the liberal tradition, it does not merely assume a restricted form of reasonable moral pluralism, but is tailored to the conditions of deeply morally pluralistic societies which may be populated by liberal moral agents, nonliberal moral agents, and, according to the traditional understanding of morality, nonmoral agents alike. Moehler draws on the history of the social contract tradition, especially the work of Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Rawls, and Gauthier, as well as on the work of some of the critics of this tradition, such as Sen and Gaus. Moehler's two-level contractarian theory holds that morality in its best contractarian version for the conditions of deeply morally pluralistic societies entails Humean, Hobbesian, and Kantian moral features. The theory defines the minimal behavioral restrictions that are necessary to ensure, compared to violent conflict resolution, mutually beneficial peaceful long-term cooperation in deeply morally pluralistic societies. The theory minimizes the problem of compliance in morally diverse societies by maximally respecting the interests of all members of society. Despite its ideal nature, the theory is, in principle, applicable to the real world and, for the conditions described, most promising for securing mutually beneficial peaceful long-term cooperation in a world in which a fully just society, due to moral diversity, is unattainable. If Rawls' intention was to carry the traditional social contract argument to a higher level of abstraction, then the two-level contractarian theory brings it back down to earth.

The Essential Writings of Machiavelli

The Essential Writings of Machiavelli Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Niccolo Machiavelli
Editor: Modern Library
ISBN: 0307419991
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The Essential Writings of Machiavelli by Niccolo Machiavelli Summary

FINALIST--2008 PEN TRANSLATION PRIZE In The Essential Writings of Machiavelli, Peter Constantine has assembled a comprehensive collection that shows the true depth and breadth of a great Renaissance thinker. Refreshingly accessible, these superb new translations are faithful to Machiavelli’s original, beautifully crafted writings. The volume features essays that appear in English for the first time, such as “A Caution to the Medici” and “The Persecution of Africa.” Also included are complete versions of the political treatise, The Prince, the comic satire The Mandrake, The Life of Castruccio Castracani, and the classic story “Belfagor”, along with selections from The Discourses, The Art of War, and Florentine Histories. Augmented with useful features–vital and concise annotations and cross-references–this unique compendium is certain to become the standard one-volume reference to this influential, versatile, and ever timely writer. “Machiavelli's stress on political necessity rather than moral perfection helped inspire the Renaissance by renewing links with Thucydides and other classical thinkers. This new collection provides deeper insight into Machiavelli’s personality as a writer, thus broadening our understanding of him.” –Robert D. Kaplan, author of Warrior Politics: Why Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos “Constantine’s selection is not only intelligent; his translations are astonishingly good. Thoughtfully introduced by Albert Russell Ascoli, this edition belongs in everyone’s library.” –John Jeffries Martin, professor and chair, department of history, Trinity University “If one were to assign a single edition of Machiavelli's works, this most certainly would be it.” –John P. McCormick, professor, department of political science, University of Chicago

SUMMARY - The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau

SUMMARY - The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Shortcut Edition
Editor: Shortcut Edition
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SUMMARY - The Social Contract By Jean Jacques Rousseau by Shortcut Edition Summary

* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. By reading this summary, you will discover what legitimizes political power in a republic. You will also discover : that freedom and equality go hand in hand; how the republic aims at the common good; that the social contract is the act by which a people becomes a people; that the government's only function is to satisfy the people; that popular sovereignty is inalienable, indivisible and limited. In the second half of the 18th century, Europe was still struggling with absolutist regimes. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, philosopher, encyclopedist and friend of Diderot, imagines a society and public institutions where everyone would be free and secure. In 1762, he published The Social Contract or Principles of Political Law: the work instantly became a classic. Both adored and censured, this work formulated the principle of popular sovereignty and served as a model for the draft constitutions of several countries. Will you be able to build a just and legitimate state? *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!

The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Estlund
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199704058
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The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy by David Estlund Summary

Even though political philosophy has a long tradition, it is much more than the study of old and great treatises. Contemporary philosophers continue to press new arguments on old and timeless questions, but also to propose departures and innovations. The field changes over time, and new work inevitably responds both to events in the world and to the directions of thought itself. This volume includes 22 new pieces by leaders in the field on both perennial and emerging topics of keen interest to contemporary political philosophers. In addition to longstanding issues such as Authority, Equality, and Freedom, and Democracy, there are articles on less classical topics such as Race, Historical Injustice, Deliberation, Money and Politics, Global Justice, and Ideal and Non-Ideal Theory. All of the pieces combine clarity and accessibility with a top scholar's critical and original point of view. The introductory essay briefly situates this snapshot of the state of the art in a broader view of developments in political philosophy in the last 40 years, and looks forward to future developments. Students and scholars alike will find the pieces to be valuable not only surveys but as provocations to think further about the questions, puzzles, and practical problems that animate recent work in political philosophy. The issues will be of interest to many working in philosophy, political science, law, economics, and more.

The Trade and Climate Change Nexus

The Trade and Climate Change Nexus Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Brenton,Vicky Chemutai
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464817731
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The Trade and Climate Change Nexus by Paul Brenton,Vicky Chemutai Summary

While trade exacerbates climate change, it is also a central part of the solution because it has the potential to enhance mitigation and adaptation. This timely report explores the different ways in which trade and climate change intersect. Trade contributes to the emissions that cause global warming and is itself also affected by climate change through changing comparative advantages. The report also confronts several myths concerning trade and climate change. The Trade and Climate Change Nexus: The Urgency and Opportunities for Developing Countries focuses on the impacts of, and adjustments to, climate change in developing countries and on how future trade opportunities will be affected by both the changing climate and the policy responses to address it. The report discusses how trade can provide the goods and services that drive mitigation and adaptation. It also addresses how climate change creates immense challenges for developing countries, but also new opportunities to promote trade diversification in the transition to a low-carbon world. Suitable trade and environmental policies can offer effective economic incentives to attain both sustainable growth and poverty reduction.

The Social Institutions of Capitalism

The Social Institutions of Capitalism Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Pursey Heugens,Hans van Oosterhout,Jack J. Vromen
Editor: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781950333
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The Social Institutions of Capitalism by Pursey Heugens,Hans van Oosterhout,Jack J. Vromen Summary

Offering a diverse set of contributions to current social contracting research, this text illustrates how social contracts necessarily underlie and facilitate all forms of capitalist production and exchange.

The Major Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Major Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226921883
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The Major Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

Individualist and communitarian. Anarchist and totalitarian. Classicist and romanticist. Progressive and reactionary. Since the eighteenth century, Jean-Jacques Rousseau has been said to be all of these things. Few philosophers have been the subject of as much or as intense debate, yet almost everyone agrees that Rousseau is among the most important and influential thinkers in the history of political philosophy. This new edition of his major political writings, published in the year of the three-hundredth anniversary of his birth, renews attention to the perennial importance of Rousseau’s work. The book brings together superb new translations by renowned Rousseau scholar John T. Scott of three of Rousseau’s works: the Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, the Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men, and On the Social Contract. The two Discourses show Rousseau developing his well-known conception of the natural goodness of man and the problems posed by life in society. With the Social Contract, Rousseau became the first major thinker to argue that democracy is the only legitimate form of political organization. Scott’s extensive introduction enhances our understanding of these foundational writings, providing background information, social and historical context, and guidance for interpreting the works. Throughout, translation and editorial notes clarify ideas and terms that might not be immediately familiar to most readers. The three works collected in The Major Political Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau represent an important contribution to eighteenth-century political theory that has exerted an extensive influence on generations of thinkers, beginning with the leaders of the French Revolution and continuing to the present day. The new translations on offer here will be welcomed by a wide readership of both Rousseau scholars and readers with a general interest in political thought.

The Social Contract

The Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Hill
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351353446
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The Social Contract by James Hill Summary

Few people can claim to have had minds as fertile and creative as the French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. One of the most influential political theorists of the modern age, he was also a composer and writer of opera, a novelist, and a memoirist whose Confessions ranks as one of the most striking works of autobiography ever written. Like many creative thinkers, Rousseau was someone whose restless mind could not help questioning accepted orthodoxies and looking at matters from novel and innovative angles. His 1762 treatise The Social Contract does exactly that. Examining the nature and sources of legitimate political power, it crafted a closely reasoned and passionately persuasive argument for democracy at a time when the most widely accepted form of government was absolute monarchy, legitimised by religious beliefs about the divine right of kings and queens to rule. In France, the book was banned by worried Catholic censors; in Rousseau’s native Geneva, it was both banned and burned. But history soon pushed Rousseau’s ideas into the mainstream of political theory, with the French and American revolutions paving the way for democratic government to gain ground across the Western world. Though it was precisely what got Rousseau’s book banned at the time, the novel idea that all legitimate government rests on the will of the people is now recognised as the core principle of democratic freedom and represents, for many people, the highest of ideals.

The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Book Analysis)

The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Book Analysis) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bright Summaries
Editor: BrightSummaries.com
ISBN: 2806287928
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The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Book Analysis) by Bright Summaries Summary

Unlock the more straightforward side of The Social Contract with this concise and insightful summary and analysis! This engaging summary presents an analysis of The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a political treatise containing the author’s reflections on the conditions necessary for liberty within civil societies. He emphasises the importance of the collective will and acting in the collective interest, which can be accomplished through a social contract. The Social Contract was considered highly subversive when it was first published and provided inspiration to political revolutionaries throughout Europe. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss-born writer, philosopher and political theorist. He was one of the most influential thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century, and his writings play an essential role in modern political and social thought. Find out everything you need to know about The Social Contract in a fraction of the time! This in-depth and informative reading guide brings you: • A complete plot summary • Character studies • Key themes and symbols • Questions for further reflection Why choose BrightSummaries.com? Available in print and digital format, our publications are designed to accompany you in your reading journey. The clear and concise style makes for easy understanding, providing the perfect opportunity to improve your literary knowledge in no time! See the very best of literature in a whole new light with BrightSummaries.com!

The Greatest Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Greatest Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Editor: e-artnow
ISBN: 8026892925
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The Greatest Works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau by Jean-Jacques Rousseau Summary

This meticulously edited collection is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents: Emile, or On Education The Social Contract Discourse on the Origin of Inequality Among Men Discourse on the Arts and Sciences A Discourse on Political Economy Confessions New Heloise (An Excerpt)

A Theory of Freedom

A Theory of Freedom Pdf/ePub eBook Author: S. Welch
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137295023
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A Theory of Freedom by S. Welch Summary

This book offers a liberatory conception of individual freedom that uniquely responds to the problems of social oppression and demands of the interrelatedness insofar as it pertains specifically to the social domain of activity.

Copyright, Property and the Social Contract

Copyright, Property and the Social Contract Pdf/ePub eBook Author: John Gilchrist,Brian Fitzgerald
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319956906
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Copyright, Property and the Social Contract by John Gilchrist,Brian Fitzgerald Summary

This book provides international perspectives on the law of copyright in relation to three core themes - copyright and developing countries; the government and copyright; and technology and the future of copyright. The third theme includes an examination of the extent to which technology will dictate the development of the law, and a re-examination of the role of copyright in fostering innovation and creativity. As a critique, one chapter discusses how certain rights can create or reinforce social inequality under copyright royalty systems. Underlying these themes is the role the law of copyright has in encouraging or impeding human flourishing.

The Social Contract With Business

The Social Contract With Business Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jopie Coetzee
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1469156180
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The Social Contract With Business by Jopie Coetzee Summary

This book is about the Social Contract with Business as a means to deliver humanity’s global sustainability mandate. From a well researched Socratic dialogue with today’s leaders and thinkers in the West, East, and South emerged action-oriented answers to the questions: What kind of future does humanity want?; What society for such a future?; What business for such a society?; What business leader for such a business?; What education for such a business leader? This book is written for business leaders and for all other movers and shakers who wish to conduct their affairs in a business-like and meaningful manner.

The Social Contract and its contentious role for Rawls's 'Theory of Justice'

The Social Contract and its contentious role for Rawls's 'Theory of Justice' Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jan Kercher
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638263355
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The Social Contract and its contentious role for Rawls's 'Theory of Justice' by Jan Kercher Summary

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: A (85%), University of British Columbia (Department for Political Science), course: Modern Political Thought: John Rawls and his Critics, language: English, abstract: In “A Theory of Justice” (Rawls, 1971), John Rawls tries to develop a conception of justice that is based on a social contract. His approach, doubtlessly, led to a revival of the contract theory in modern political theory. However, his peculiar conception of a hypothetical contract has also evoked a wave of severe criticism. Some of his critics settle for condemning special features of Rawls’s contractual concept, while others maintain that Rawls’s theory is, in effect, no real contract theory. In this paper, I will therefore focus on two research questions: Is Rawls’s theory a genuine contract theory at all? If yes, does the contract play a crucial role in this theory or is there a preferable alternative available to Rawls?

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