Women Wealth And Community In Perpignan C 1250 1300

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Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250–1300

Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250–1300 Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351871366
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Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250–1300 by Summary

Women, Wealth, and Community in Perpignan, c. 1250-1300 investigates the gender system at work in medieval Perpignan. Using a series of notarial registers - unique as surviving records for the social history of the thirteenth-century realms of Aragon and Majorca, the political confederations to which this town belonged - Rebecca L. Winer opens a window onto the experiences of women and their families. Her interpretive framework reveals medieval assumptions about the distinct natures of Christian, Jewish, and enslaved Muslim women by analyzing which actions were curbed, controlled, or fostered in these different groups. Sensitive to questions of social rank and marital status, the book departs from traditional women's history by asking how a woman's religious identity factored in determining her economic and legal options in this society. As a frontier town, Perpignan lends itself well to an analysis of relations among Christians, Jews and Muslim slaves. The later thirteenth century also provides an ideal focus for this inquiry since the politics of Christian expansion and the economics of the western Mediterranean meant that Jewish communities flourished. In contrast, Christian/Muslim relations unfolded particularly tensely due to intermittent conflict and both groups' slave trade almost exclusively in each other's people. Winer reconstructs how the members of these three communities negotiated shared space, conducting all manner of exchanges, making (endogamous) marriages, wills, commercial contracts, and arranging for the care of children whose fathers were lost to war or disease. The first section of the book focuses on women's legal status, work and control of financial resources in the two dominant communities, Christian and Jewish, across the social spectrum. It goes on to compare the ways in which mothers' relationships to their children were understood in the Christian and Jewish communities. The book concludes by entering the homes of Christian

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Judith M. Bennett,Ruth Mazo Karras
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667293
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The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe by Judith M. Bennett,Ruth Mazo Karras Summary

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe provides a comprehensive overview of the gender rules encountered in Europe in the period between approximately 500 and 1500 C.E. The essays collected in this volume speak to interpretative challenges common to all fields of women's and gender history - that is, how best to uncover the experiences of ordinary people from archives formed mainly by and about elite males, and how to combine social histories of lived experiences with cultural histories of gendered discourses and identities. The collection focuses on Western Europe in the Middle Ages but offers some consideration of medieval Islam and Byzantium. The Handbook is structured into seven sections: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim thought; law in theory and practice; domestic life and material culture; labour, land, and economy; bodies and sexualities; gender and holiness; and the interplay of continuity and change throughout the medieval period. It contains material from some of the foremost scholars in this field, and it not only serves as the major reference text in medieval and gender studies, but also provides an agenda for future new research.

Women and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia

Women and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michelle Armstrong-Partida,Alexandra Guerson,Dana Wessell Lightfoot
Editor: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 1496219694
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Women and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia by Michelle Armstrong-Partida,Alexandra Guerson,Dana Wessell Lightfoot Summary

Women and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia draws on recent research to underscore the various ways Iberian women influenced and contributed to their communities, engaging with a broader academic discussion of women’s agency and cultural impact in the Iberian Peninsula. By focusing on women from across the socioeconomic and religious spectrum—elite, bourgeois, and peasant Christian women, Jewish, Muslim, converso, and Morisco women, and married, widowed, and single women—this volume highlights the diversity of women’s experiences, examining women’s social, economic, political, and religious ties to their families and communities in both urban and rural environments. Comprised of twelve essays from both established and new scholars, Women and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Iberia showcases groundbreaking work on premodern women, revealing the complex intersections between gender and community while highlighting not only relationships of support and inclusion but also the tensions that worked to marginalize and exclude women.

Family, Work, and Household in Late Medieval Iberia

Family, Work, and Household in Late Medieval Iberia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jeff Fynn-Paul
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317599306
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Family, Work, and Household in Late Medieval Iberia by Jeff Fynn-Paul Summary

Family, Work, and Household presents the social and occupational life of a late medieval Iberian town in rich, unprecedented detail. The book combines a diachronic study of two regionally prominent families—one knightly and one mercantile—with a detailed cross-sectional urban study of household and occupation. The town in question is the market town and administrative centre of Manresa in Catalonia, whose exceptional archives make such a study possible. For the diachronic studies, Fynn-Paul relied upon the fact that Manresan archives preserve scores of individual family notarial registers, and the cross-sectional study was made possible by the Liber Manifesti of 1408, a cadastral survey which details the property holdings of individual householders to an unusually thorough degree. In these pages, the economic and social strategies of many individuals, including both knights and burghers, come to light over the course of several generations. The Black Death and its aftermath play a prominent role in changing the outlook of many social actors. Other chapters detail the socioeconomic topography of the town, and examine occupational hierarchies, for such groups as rentiers, merchants, leatherworkers, cloth workers, women householders, and the poor.

Married Life in the Middle Ages, 900-1300

Married Life in the Middle Ages, 900-1300 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elisabeth van Houts
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192519735
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Married Life in the Middle Ages, 900-1300 by Elisabeth van Houts Summary

Married Life in the Middle Ages, 900-1300 contains an analysis of the experience of married life by men and women in Christian medieval Europe, c. 900-1300. The study focusses on the social and emotional life of the married couple rather than on the institutional history of marriage, breaking it into three parts: Getting Married - the process of getting married and wedding celebrations; Married Life - the married life of lay couples and clergy, their sexuality, and any remarriage; and Alternative Living - which explores concubinage and polygyny, as well as the single life in contrast to monogamous sexual unions. In this volume, van Houts deals with four central themes. First, the tension between patriarchal family strategies and the individual family member's freedom of choice to marry and, if so, to what partner; second, the role played by the married priesthood in their quest to have individual agency and self-determination accepted in their own lives in the face of the growing imposition of clerical celibacy; third, the role played by women in helping society accept some degree of gender equality and self-determination to marry and in shaping the norms for married life incorporating these principles; fourth, the role played by emotion in the establishment of marriage and in married life at a time when sexual and spiritual love feature prominently in medieval literature.

Jewish Women in the Medieval World

Jewish Women in the Medieval World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sarah Ifft Decker
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000586405
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Jewish Women in the Medieval World by Sarah Ifft Decker Summary

Jewish Women in the Medieval World offers a thematic overview of the lived experiences of Jewish women in both Europe and the Middle East from 500 to 1500 CE, a group often ignored in general surveys on both medieval Jewish life and medieval women. The volume blends current scholarship with evidence drawn from primary sources, originally written in languages including Hebrew, Latin, Aramaic, and Judeo-Arabic, to introduce both the state of scholarship on women and gender in medieval Jewish communities, and the ways in which Jewish women experienced family, love, sex, work, faith, and crisis in the medieval past. From the well-known Dolce of Worms to the less famed Bonadona, widow of Astrug Caravida of Girona, to the many nameless women referred to in medieval texts, Jewish Women tells the stories of individual women alongside discussions of wider trends in different parts of the medieval world. Even through texts written about women by men, the intelligence, courage, and perseverance of medieval Jewish women become clear to modern readers. With the inclusion of a Chronology, Who’s Who, Documents section, and Glossary, this study is an essential resource for students and other readers interested in both Jewish history and women’s history.

Women's Networks in Medieval France

Women's Networks in Medieval France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Kathryn L. Reyerson
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319389424
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Women's Networks in Medieval France by Kathryn L. Reyerson Summary

This book illuminates the connections and interaction among women and between women and men during the medieval period. To do this, Kathryn L. Reyerson focuses specifically on the experiences of Agnes de Bossones, widow of a changer of the mercantile elite of Montpellier. Agnes was a real estate mogul and a patron of philanthropic institutions that permitted lower strata women to survive and thrive in a mature urban economy of the period before 1350. Notably, Montpellier was a large urban center in southern France. Linkages stretched horizontally and vertically in this robust urban environment, mitigating the restrictions of patriarchy and the constraints of gender. Using the story of Agnes de Bossones as a vehicle to larger discussions about gender, this book highlights the undeniable impact that networks had on women’s mobility and navigation within a restrictive medieval society.

Women in Medieval Europe 1200-1500

Women in Medieval Europe 1200-1500 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jennifer Ward
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131724513X
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Women in Medieval Europe 1200-1500 by Jennifer Ward Summary

Women in Medieval Europe explores the key areas of female experience in the later medieval period, from peasant women to Queens. It considers the women of the later Middle Ages in the context of their social relationships during a time of changing opportunities and activities, so that by 1500 the world of work was becoming increasingly restricted to women. The chapters are arranged thematically to show the varied roles and lives of women in and out of the home, covering topics such as marriage, religion, family and work. For the second edition a new chapter draws together recent work on Jewish and Muslim women, as well as those from other ethnic groups, showing the wide ranging experiences of women from different backgrounds. Particular attention is paid to women at work in the towns, and specifically urban topics such as trade, crafts, healthcare and prostitution. The latest research on women, gender and masculinity has also been incorporated, along with updated further reading recommendations. This fully revised new edition is a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the topic, perfect for all those studying women in Europe in the later Middle Ages.

Across the Religious Divide

Across the Religious Divide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jutta Sperling,Shona Kelly Wray
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135235007
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Across the Religious Divide by Jutta Sperling,Shona Kelly Wray Summary

Examining women's property rights in different societies across the entire medieval and early modern Mediterranean, this volume introduces a unique comparative perspective to the complexities of gender relations in Muslim, Jewish, and Christian communities. Through individual case studies based on urban and rural, elite and non-elite, religious and secular communities, Across the Religious Divide presents the only nuanced history of the region that incorporates peripheral areas such as Portugal, the Aegean Islands, Dalmatia, and Albania into the central narrative. By bridging the present-day notional and cultural divide between Muslim and Judeo-Christian worlds with geographical and thematic coherence, this collection of essays by top international scholars focuses on women in courts of law and sources such as notarial records, testaments, legal commentaries, and administrative records to offer the most advanced research and illuminate real connections across boundaries of gender, religion, and culture.

Stepfamilies in Europe, 1400-1800

Stepfamilies in Europe, 1400-1800 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Lyndan Warner
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351209051
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Stepfamilies in Europe, 1400-1800 by Lyndan Warner Summary

Stepfamilies were as common in the European past as they are today. Stepfamilies in Europe, 1400–1800 is the first in-depth study to chart four centuries of continuity and change for these complex families created by the death of a parent and the remarriage of the survivor. With geographic coverage from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia and from the Atlantic coast to Central Europe, this collection of essays from leading scholars compares how religious affiliation, laws and cultural attitudes shaped stepfamily realities. Exploring stepfamilies across society from artisans to princely rulers, this book considers the impact of remarriage on the bonds between parents and their children, stepparents and stepchildren, while offering insights into the relationships between full siblings, half siblings and stepsiblings. The contributors investigate a variety of primary sources from songs to letters and memoirs, printed Protestant funeral works, Catholic dispensation requests, kinship puzzles, legitimation petitions, and documents drawn up by notaries, to understand the experiences and life cycle of a family and its members – whether growing up as a stepchild or forming a stepfamily through marital choice as an adult. Featuring an array of visual evidence, and drawing on topics such as widowhood, remarriage, and the guardianship of children, Stepfamilies in Europe will be essential reading for scholars and students of the history of the family.

Writing Medieval Women’s Lives

Writing Medieval Women’s Lives Pdf/ePub eBook Author: C. Goldy,A. Livingstone
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137074701
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Writing Medieval Women’s Lives by C. Goldy,A. Livingstone Summary

A collection of essays representing the growing variety of approaches used to write the history of medieval women. They reflect the European medieval world socially, geographically and across religious boundaries, engaging directly with how the medieval women's experience wa reconstructed, as well as what the experience was.

Medieval and Renaissance Lactations

Medieval and Renaissance Lactations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jutta Gisela Sperling
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317098102
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Medieval and Renaissance Lactations by Jutta Gisela Sperling Summary

The premise of this volume is that the ubiquity of lactation imagery in early modern visual culture and the discourse on breastfeeding in humanist, religious, medical, and literary writings is a distinct cultural phenomenon that deserves systematic study. Chapters by art historians, social and legal historians, historians of science, and literary scholars explore some of the ambiguities and contradictions surrounding the issue, and point to the need for further study, in particular in the realm of lactation imagery in the visual arts. This volume builds on existing scholarship on representations of the breast, the iconography of the Madonna Lactans, allegories of abundance, nature, and charity, women mystics' food-centered practices of devotion, the ubiquitous practice of wet-nursing, and medical theories of conception. It is informed by studies on queer kinship in early modern Europe, notions of sacred eroticism in pre-tridentine Catholicism, feminist investigations of breastfeeding as a sexual practice, and by anthropological and historical scholarship on milk exchange and ritual kinship in ancient Mediterranean and medieval Islamic societies. Proposing a variety of different methods and analytical frameworks within which to consider instances of lactation imagery, breastfeeding practices, and their textual references, this volume also offers tools to support further research on the topic.

Routledge Revivals: Women and Gender in Medieval Europe (2006)

Routledge Revivals: Women and Gender in Medieval Europe (2006) Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Margaret Schaus
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351681583
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Routledge Revivals: Women and Gender in Medieval Europe (2006) by Margaret Schaus Summary

First published in 2006, Women and Gender in Medieval Europe examines the daily reality of medieval women from all walks of life in Europe between 450 CE and 1500 CE. This reference work provides a comprehensive understanding of many aspects of medieval women and gender, such as art, economics, law, literature, sexuality, politics, philosophy and religion, as well as the daily lives of ordinary women. Masculinity in the middle ages is also addressed to provide important context for understanding women's roles. Additional up-to-date bibliographies have been included for the 2016 reprint. Written by renowned international scholars and easily accessible in an A-to-Z format, students, researchers, and scholars will find this outstanding reference work to be a valuable resource on women in Medieval Europe.

The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and Historiography

The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and Historiography Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Dean Phillip Bell
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 0429859171
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The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and Historiography by Dean Phillip Bell Summary

The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and Historiography provides an overview of Jewish history from the biblical to the contemporary period, while simultaneously placing Jewish history into conversation with the most central historiographical methods and issues and some of the core source materials used by scholars within the field. The field of Jewish history is profitably interdisciplinary. Drawing from the historical methods and themes employed in the study of various periods and geographical regions as well as from academic fields outside of history, it utilizes a broad range of source materials produced by Jews and non-Jews. It grapples with many issues that were core to Jewish life, culture, community, and identity in the past, while reflecting and addressing contemporary concerns and perspectives. Divided into four parts, this volume examines how Jewish history has engaged with and developed more general historiographical methods and considerations. Part I provides a general overview of Jewish history, while Parts II and III respectively address the rich sources and methodologies used to study Jewish history. Concluding in Part IV with a timeline, glossary, and index to help frame and connect the history, sources, and methodologies presented throughout, The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and Historiography is the perfect volume for anyone interested in Jewish history.

Jewish Women's History from Antiquity to the Present

Jewish Women's History from Antiquity to the Present Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rebecca Lynn Winer,Federica Francesconi
Editor: Wayne State University Press
ISBN: 0814346324
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Jewish Women's History from Antiquity to the Present by Rebecca Lynn Winer,Federica Francesconi Summary

A survey of Jewish women’s history from biblical times to the twenty-first century.

Understanding Medieval Primary Sources

Understanding Medieval Primary Sources Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joel T. Rosenthal
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317796306
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Understanding Medieval Primary Sources by Joel T. Rosenthal Summary

Medieval society created many kinds of records and written material which differ considerably, giving us such sources as last wills, sermons, manorial accounts, or royal biographies. Primary sources are an exciting way for students to engage with the past and draw their own ideas about life in the medieval period. Understanding Medieval Primary Sources is a collection of essays that will introduce students to the key primary sources that are essential to studying medieval Europe. The sources are divided into two categories: the first part treats some of the many generic sources that have been preserved, such as wills, letters, royal and secular narratives and sermons. Chapter by chapter each expert author illustrates how they can be used to reveal details about medieval history. The second part focuses on areas of historical research that can only be fully discovered by using a combination of primary sources, covering fields such as maritime history, urban history, women’s history and medical history. Understanding Medieval Primary Sources will be an invaluable resource for any student embarking on medieval historical research.

Memory and Commemoration in Medieval Culture

Memory and Commemoration in Medieval Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Elma Brenner,Meredith Cohen,Mary Franklin-Brown
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317097726
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Memory and Commemoration in Medieval Culture by Elma Brenner,Meredith Cohen,Mary Franklin-Brown Summary

In medieval society and culture, memory occupied a unique position. It was central to intellectual life and the medieval understanding of the human mind. Commemoration of the dead was also a fundamental Christian activity. Above all, the past - and the memory of it - occupied a central position in medieval thinking, from ideas concerning the family unit to those shaping political institutions. Focusing on France but incorporating studies from further afield, this collection of essays marks an important new contribution to the study of medieval memory and commemoration. Arranged thematically, each part highlights how memory cannot be studied in isolation, but instead intersects with many other areas of medieval scholarship, including art history, historiography, intellectual history, and the study of religious culture. Key themes in the study of memory are explored, such as collective memory, the links between memory and identity, the fallibility of memory, and the linking of memory to the future, as an anticipation of what is to come.

Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy

Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Julius Kirshner
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442664525
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Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy by Julius Kirshner Summary

Through his research on the status of women in Florence and other Italian cities, Julius Kirshner helped to establish the socio-legal history of women in late medieval and Renaissance Italy and challenge the idea that Florentine women had an inferior legal position and civic status. In Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy, Kirshner collects nine important essays which address these issues in Florence and the cities of northern and central Italy. Using a cross-disciplinary approach that draws on the methodologies of both social and legal history, the essays in this collection present a wealth of examples of daughters, wives, and widows acting as full-fledged social and legal actors. Revised and updated to reflect current scholarship, the essays in Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy appear alongside an extended introduction which situates them within the broader field of Renaissance legal history.

Women's Lives in Medieval Europe

Women's Lives in Medieval Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Emilie Amt
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113472067X
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Women's Lives in Medieval Europe by Emilie Amt Summary

Praise for the first edition: 'It is difficult to imagine another book in which one could find all this diverse material, and no doubt Amt's collection, in its richness, and in its genuine clarity and simplicity will takes prominent place in our expanded, diversified medieval curriculum, a curriculum that takes class, gender, and ethnicity as central to an understanding of world cultural history.' - The Medieval Review Long considered to be a definitive and truly groundbreaking collection of sources, Women’s Lives in Medieval Europe uniquely presents the everyday lives and experiences of women in the Middle Ages. This indispensible text has now been thoroughly updated and expanded to reflect new research, and includes previously unavailable source material. This new edition includes expanded sections on marriage and sexuality, and on peasant women and townswomen, as well as a new section on women and the law. There are brief introductions both to the period and to the individual documents, study questions to accompany each reading, a glossary of terms and a fully updated bibliography. Working within a multi-cultural framework, the book focuses not just on the Christian majority, but also present material about women in minority groups in Europe, such as Jews, Muslims, and those considered to be heretics. Incorporating both the laws, regulations and religious texts that shaped the way women lived their lives, and personal narratives by and about medieval women, the book is unique in examining women’s lives through the lens of daily activities, and in doing so as far as possible through the voices of women themselves.

Village Life in Roman Egypt

Village Life in Roman Egypt Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Micaela Langellotti
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192572172
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Village Life in Roman Egypt by Micaela Langellotti Summary

This book presents the first detailed study of Tebtunis, a village in Egypt within the Roman Empire, in the first century AD. It is founded on the archive material of the local notarial office, or grapheion, which was run by a man named Kronion for most of the mid-first century. The archive, unparalleled in antiquity, includes over two hundred documents written on papyrus which attest a wide range of transactions made by the villagers over defined periods of time, in particular the years AD 42 and 45-7 under the reign of the emperor Claudius. This evidence provides a unique insight into various aspects of village life: the level of participation in the written contractual economy; the socio-economic stratification of the village, including the position of women, slaves, priests, and the role of the elite; the functions of associations; the types and importance of agriculture; and non-agricultural activities. This multitude of data reveals a highly diversified village economy, a large involvement in written transactions among all the strata of the population, and a rural society living mostly above subsistence level. Tebtunis provides a model of village society that can be used to understand the majority of the population within the Roman Empire who lived outside cities in the Mediterranean, particularly in the other eastern and more Hellenized provinces.

A Cultural History of Marriage in the Renaissance and Early Modern Age

A Cultural History of Marriage in the Renaissance and Early Modern Age Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joanne M. Ferraro
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350103187
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A Cultural History of Marriage in the Renaissance and Early Modern Age by Joanne M. Ferraro Summary

Why marry? The personal question is timeless. Yet the highly emotional desires of men and women during the period between 1450 and 1650 were also circumscribed by external forces that operated within a complex arena of sweeping economic, demographic, political, and religious changes. The period witnessed dramatic religious reforms in the Catholic confession and the introduction of multiple Protestant denominations; the advent of the printing press; European encounters and exchange with the Americas, North Africa, and southwestern and eastern Asia; the growth of state bureaucracies; and a resurgence of ecclesiastical authority in private life. These developments, together with social, religious, and cultural attitudes, including the constructed norms of masculinity, femininity, and sexuality, impinged upon the possibility of marrying. The nine scholars in this volume aim to provide a comprehensive picture of current research on the cultural history of marriage for the years between 1450 and 1650 by identifying both the ideal templates for nuptial unions in prescriptive writings and artistic representation and actual practices in the spheres of courtship and marriage rites, sexual relationships, the formation of family networks, marital dissolution, and the overriding choices of individuals over the structural and cultural constraints of the time. A Cultural History of Marriage in the Renaissance and Early Modern Age presents an overview of the period with essays on Courtship and Ritual; Religion, State and Law; Kinship and Social Networks; the Family Economy; Love and Sex; the Breaking of Vows; and Representations of Marriage.

Postcolonising the Medieval Image

Postcolonising the Medieval Image Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eva Frojmovic,Catherine E. Karkov
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351867237
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Postcolonising the Medieval Image by Eva Frojmovic,Catherine E. Karkov Summary

Postcolonial theories have transformed literary, historical and cultural studies over the past three decades. Yet the study of medieval art and visualities has, in general, remained Eurocentric in its canon and conservative in its approaches. 'Postcolonising', as the eleven essays in this volume show, entails active intervention into the field of medieval art history and visual studies through a theoretical reframing of research. This approach poses and elicits new research questions, and tests how concepts current in postcolonial studies - such as diaspora and migration, under-represented artistic cultures, accented art making, displacement, intercultural versus transcultural, hybridity, presence/absence - can help medievalists to reinvigorate the study of art and visuality. Postcolonial concepts are deployed in order to redraft the canon of medieval art, thereby seeking to build bridges between medievalist and modernist communities of scholars. Among the varied topics explored in the volume are the appropriation of Roman iconography by early medieval Scandinavian metalworkers, multilingualism and materiality in Anglo-Saxon culture, the circulation and display of Islamic secular ceramics on Pisan churches, cultural negotiation by Jewish minorities in Central Europe and the Iberian peninsula, Holy Land maps and medieval imaginative geography, and the uses of Thomas Becket in the colonial imaginary of the Plantagenet court.

Slavery After Rome, 500-1100

Slavery After Rome, 500-1100 Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alice Rio
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191009024
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Slavery After Rome, 500-1100 by Alice Rio Summary

Slavery After Rome, 500-1100 offers a substantially new interpretation of what happened to slavery in Western Europe in the centuries that followed the fall of the Roman Empire. The periods at either end of the early middle ages are associated with iconic forms of unfreedom: Roman slavery at one end; at the other, the serfdom of the twelfth century and beyond, together with, in Southern Europe, a revitalised urban chattel slavery dealing chiefly in non-Christians. How and why this major change took place in the intervening period has been a long-standing puzzle. This study picks up the various threads linking this transformation across the centuries, and situates them within the full context of what slavery and unfreedom were being used for in the early middle ages. This volume adopts a broad comparative perspective, covering different regions of Western Europe over six centuries, to try to answer the following questions: who might become enslaved and why? What did this mean for them, and for their lords? What made people opt for certain ways of exploiting unfree labour over others in different times and places, and is it possible, underneath all this diversity, to identify some coherent trajectories of historical change?

Market Power

Market Power Pdf/ePub eBook Author: G. Milton
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137012757
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Market Power by G. Milton Summary

Market Power explores society and economy in medieval Iberia, examining the intersection of regional commercial interests, lordship, and royal authority as part of the evolution of a small village into a rural market town.

Mozarabs in Medieval and Early Modern Spain

Mozarabs in Medieval and Early Modern Spain Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Professor Richard Hitchcock
Editor: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409480054
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Mozarabs in Medieval and Early Modern Spain by Professor Richard Hitchcock Summary

The setting of this volume is the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, where Christianity and Islam co-existed side by side as the official religions of Muslim al-Andalus on the one hand, and the Christian kingdoms in the north of the peninsula on the other. Its purpose is to examine the meaning of the word 'Mozarab' and the history and nature of the people called by that name; it represents a synthesis of the author's many years of research and publication in this field. Richard Hitchcock first sets out to explain what being a non-Muslim meant in al-Andalus, both in the higher echelons of society and at a humbler level. The terms used by Arab chroniclers, when examined carefully, suggest a lesser preoccupation with purely religious values than hitherto appreciated. Mozarabism in León and Toledo, two notably distinct phenomena, are then considered at length, and there are two chapters exploring the issues that arose, firstly when Mozarabs were relocated in twelfth-century Aragón, and secondly, in sixteenth-century Toledo, when they were striving to retain their identity.

Free Soil in the Atlantic World

Free Soil in the Atlantic World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sue Peabody,Keila Grinberg
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 131758872X
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Free Soil in the Atlantic World by Sue Peabody,Keila Grinberg Summary

Free Soil in the Atlantic World examines the principle that slaves who crossed particular territorial frontiers- from European medieval cities to the Atlantic nation states of the nineteenth century- achieved their freedom. Based upon legislation and judicial cases, each essay considers the legal origins of Free Soil and the context in which it was invoked: medieval England, Toulouse and medieval France, early modern France and the Mediterranean, the Netherlands, eighteenth-century Portugal, nineteenth-century Angola, nineteenth-century Spain and Cuba, and the Brazilian-Paraguay borderlands. On the one hand, Free Soil policies were deployed by weaker polities to attract worker-settlers; however, by the eighteenth century, Free Soil was increasingly invoked by European imperial centres to distinguish colonial regimes based in slavery from the privileges and liberties associated with the metropole. This book was originally published as a special issue of Slavery and Abolition.

The Mercenary Mediterranean

The Mercenary Mediterranean Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hussein Fancy
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022632978X
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The Mercenary Mediterranean by Hussein Fancy Summary

Sometime in April 1285, five Muslim horsemen crossed from the Islamic kingdom of Granada into the realms of the Christian Crown of Aragon to meet with the king of Aragon, who showered them with gifts, including sumptuous cloth and decorative saddles, for agreeing to enter the Crown’s service. They were not the first or only Muslim soldiers to do so. Over the course of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the Christian kings of Aragon recruited thousands of foreign Muslim soldiers to serve in their armies and as members of their royal courts. Based on extensive research in Arabic, Latin, and Romance sources, The Mercenary Mediterranean explores this little-known and misunderstood history. Far from marking the triumph of toleration, Hussein Fancy argues, the alliance of Christian kings and Muslim soldiers depended on and reproduced ideas of religious difference. Their shared history represents a unique opportunity to reconsider the relation of medieval religion to politics, and to demonstrate how modern assumptions about this relationship have impeded our understanding of both past and present.

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: E. Michael Gerli,Ryan D. Giles
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351809784
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The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia by E. Michael Gerli,Ryan D. Giles Summary

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Medieval Iberia: Unity in Diversity draws together the innovative work of renowned scholars as well as several thought-provoking essays from emergent academics, in order to provide broad-range, in-depth coverage of the major aspects of the Iberian medieval world. Exploring the social, political, cultural, religious, and economic history of the Iberian Peninsula, the volume includes 37 original essays grouped around fundamental themes such as Languages and Literatures, Spiritualities, and Visual Culture. This interdisciplinary volume is an excellent introduction and reference work for students and scholars in Iberian Studies and Medieval Studies. SERIES EDITOR: BRAD EPPS SPANISH LIST ADVISOR: JAVIER MUÑOZ-BASOLS

2006/2007

2006/2007 Pdf/ePub eBook Author:
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
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2006/2007 by Summary

Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

Litigating Women

Litigating Women Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Teresa Phipps,Deborah Youngs
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 100052888X
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Litigating Women by Teresa Phipps,Deborah Youngs Summary

This edited collection, written by both established and new researchers, reveals the experiences of litigating women across premodern Europe and captures the current state of research in this ever-growing field. Individually, the chapters offer an insight into the motivations and strategies of women who engaged in legal action in a wide range of courts, from local rural and urban courts, to ecclesiastical courts and the highest jurisdictions of crown and parliament. Collectively, the focus on individual women litigants – rather than how women were defined by legal systems – highlights continuities in their experiences of justice, while also demonstrating the unique and intersecting factors that influenced each woman’s negotiation of the courts. Spanning a broad chronology and a wide range of contexts, these studies also offer a valuable insight into the practices and priorities of the many courts under discussion that goes beyond our focus on women litigants. Drawing on archival research from England, Scotland, Ireland, France, the Low Countries, Central and Eastern Europe, and Scandinavia, Litigating Women is the perfect resource for students and scholars interested in legal studies and gender in medieval and early modern Europe.

Entre la solitud i la llibertat

Entre la solitud i la llibertat Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mireia Comas-Via
Editor: Viella Libreria Editrice
ISBN: 8867285882
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Entre la solitud i la llibertat by Mireia Comas-Via Summary

La viduïtat representava per a moltes dones un canvi important en les seves vides. L’objectiu d’aquest llibre és analitzar quines conseqüències comportava, en l’àmbit econòmic, social i personal, el fet de perdre la condició de dona casada. La documentació permet constatar que, més enllà del marc legislatiu referent a les vídues barcelonines de la Baixa Edat Mitjana, la seva realitat quotidiana estava plena de dificultats, principalment econòmiques, a les quals havien de fer front. L’ombra de la pobresa amenaçava sovint el seu dia a dia, que en alguns casos, fins i tot, podia desembocar en l’exclusió social. Tanmateix, les possibilitats d’actuació de les vídues medievals dins del seu àmbit social eren diverses, així com també les estratègies que podien desenvolupar per tal d’adaptar-se a les noves circumstàncies, fet que ens permet afirmar que moltes d’elles no acceptaren de braços creuats els infortunis inherents a la viduïtat.

«Con animo virile»

«Con animo virile» Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Patrizia Mainoni
Editor: Viella Libreria Editrice
ISBN: 8883346572
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«Con animo virile» by Patrizia Mainoni Summary

Che ruolo giocano le donne nelle diverse realtà politiche e istituzionali del Mezzogiorno medievale? Qual era il raggio della loro azione sociale? E del loro rapporto col potere cosa possiamo dire? Questo libro cerca di rispondere, a partire da una serie di ricerche puntuali, a queste domande fondamentali, provando ad allargare lo spazio delle nostre conoscenze sul tema, oggi così studiato, della capacità politica delle donne. Il Mezzogiorno italiano, dall’età normanno-sveva alle realtà di epoca angioina e aragonese, propone innanzitutto, in linea con un grande problema europeo, il tema della regalità femminile - uno dei pochi che, per evidenti motivi, è già stato sviluppato dalla tradizione storiografica. Esso viene qui ripreso e ulteriormente arricchito, ma anche integrato con altre prospettive, che spingono il nostro sguardo dentro il mondo delle corti, regie e principesche, nella sfera separata della religiosità femminile, nelle realtà urbane. Potere, quindi, ma non solo: anche committenze artistiche, ruolo familiare e iniziativa testamentaria. Il prisma tematico che si viene formando conferma, anche per la ricerca sul Mezzogiorno, quanto la storia delle donne costituisca un fondamentale terreno di innovazione per la storia sociale e politica.

Dynastic Change

Dynastic Change Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ana Maria S.A. Rodrigues,Manuela Santos Silva,Jonathan W. Spangler
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351035126
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Dynastic Change by Ana Maria S.A. Rodrigues,Manuela Santos Silva,Jonathan W. Spangler Summary

Dynastic Change: Legitimacy and Gender in Medieval and Early Modern Monarchy examines the strategies for change and legitimacy in monarchies in the medieval and early modern eras. Taking a broadly comparative approach, Dynastic Change explores the mechanisms employed as well as theoretical and practical approaches to monarchical legitimisation. The book answers the question of how monarchical families reacted, adjusted or strategised when faced with dynastic crises of various kinds, such as a lack of a male heir or unfitness of a reigning monarch for rule, through the consideration of such themes as the role of royal women, the uses of the arts for representational and propaganda purposes and the impact of religion or popular will. Broad in both chronological and geographical scope, chapters discuss examples from the 9th to the 18th centuries across such places as Morocco, Byzantium, Portugal, Russia and Western Europe, showing readers how cultural, religious and political differences across countries and time periods affected dynastic relations. Bringing together gender, monarchy and dynasticism, the book highlights parallels across time and place, encouraging a new approach to monarchy studies. It is the perfect collection for students and researchers of medieval and early modern monarchy and gender.

Poetry and Identity in Quattrocento Naples

Poetry and Identity in Quattrocento Naples Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matteo Soranzo
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317079442
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Poetry and Identity in Quattrocento Naples by Matteo Soranzo Summary

Poetry and Identity in Quattrocento Naples approaches poems as acts of cultural identity and investigates how a group of authors used poetry to develop a poetic style, while also displaying their position toward the culture of others. Starting from an analysis of Giovanni Pontano’s Parthenopeus and De amore coniugali, followed by a discussion of Jacopo Sannazaro’s Arcadia, Matteo Soranzo links the genesis and themes of these texts to the social, political and intellectual vicissitudes of Naples under the domination of Kings Alfonso and Ferrante. Delving further into Pontano’s literary and astrological production, Soranzo illustrates the consolidation and eventual dispersion of this author’s legacy by looking at the symbolic value attached to his masterpiece Urania, and at the genesis of Sannazaro’s De partu Virginis. Poetic works written in neo-Latin and the vernacular during the Aragonese domination, in this way, are examined not only as literary texts, but also as the building blocks of their authors’ careers.

Fields, Factories, and Workshops

Fields, Factories, and Workshops Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter Kropotkin
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 100067682X
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Fields, Factories, and Workshops by Peter Kropotkin Summary

Prince Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921) was the most outstanding anarchist thinker of his time. His writings, which combine revolutionary fervor with intellectual rigor, were influential far beyond the bounds of the anarchist movement. No mere propagandist, Kropotkin aimed to provide anarchism with a scientific base through research of dominant tendencis in society. This text is a meticulously researched and argued outline for redirecting agricultural and industrial production in a world of shrinking resources and increasing human needs. More prophetic than utopian, this volume remains remarkably pertinent to economic conditions at the end of the twentieth century. The analysis of trends at work in the United States, Japan and China are of amazing predictive power.

Dressing Modern Frenchwomen

Dressing Modern Frenchwomen Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mary Lynn Stewart
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421429225
FileSize: 1359kb
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Dressing Modern Frenchwomen by Mary Lynn Stewart Summary

Dressing Modern Frenchwomen draws from thousands of magazine covers, advertisements, fashion columns, and features to uncover and untangle the fascinating relationships among the fashion industry, the development of modern marketing techniques, and the evolution of the modern woman as active, mobile, and liberated.

Prostitution in Medieval Society

Prostitution in Medieval Society Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Leah Lydia Otis
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226640345
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Prostitution in Medieval Society by Leah Lydia Otis Summary

"Prostitution in Medieval Society, a monograph about Languedoc between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, is also much more than that: it is a compelling narrative about the social construction of sexuality." – Catharine R. Stimpson

Walled Towns and the Shaping of France

Walled Towns and the Shaping of France Pdf/ePub eBook Author: M. Wolfe
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0230101127
FileSize: 625kb
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Walled Towns and the Shaping of France by M. Wolfe Summary

This book focuses on the development of towns in France, taking into account military technology, physical geography, shifting regional networks tying urban communities together, and the emergence of new forms of public authority and civic life.

Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe

Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Eugene Costello,Eva Svensson
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351213377
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Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe by Eugene Costello,Eva Svensson Summary

Transhumance is a form of pastoralism that has been practised around the world since animals were first domesticated. Such seasonal movements have formed an important aspect of many European farming systems for several thousand years, although they have declined markedly since the nineteenth century. Ethnographers and geographers have long been involved in recording transhumant practices, and in the last two decades archaeologists have started to add a new material dimension to the subject. This volume brings together recent advances in the study of European transhumance during historical times, from Sweden to Spain, Romania to Ireland, and beyond that even Newfoundland. While the focus is on the archaeology of seasonal sites used by shepherds and cowherds, the contributions exhibit a high degree of interdisciplinarity. Documentary, cartographic, ethnographic and palaeoecological evidence all play a part in the examination of seasonal movement and settlement in medieval and post-medieval landscapes. Notwithstanding the obvious diversity across Europe in terms of livestock, distances travelled and socio-economic context, an extended introduction to the volume shows that cross-cutting themes are now emerging, including mobility, gendered herding, collective land-use, the agency of non-elite people and competition for grazing and markets. The book will appeal not only to archaeologists, but to historians, geographers, ethnographers, palaeoecologists and anyone interested in rural lifeways across Europe.

The Latins in the Levant

The Latins in the Levant Pdf/ePub eBook Author: William Miller
Editor: Рипол Классик
ISBN: 5877172085
FileSize: 672kb
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The Latins in the Levant by William Miller Summary

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